Hydroponic Growing Guide

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Introduction to hydroponic growing. Learn what it is, the benefits of hydroponics and how to get started farming with your own hydroponic setup. Presented by www.hydroponicgardeningcenter.com

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Presentation Transcript

slide 1:

Hydroponic Growing Guide

slide 2:

What Is Hydroponics And How Does It Work

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THE WORD Comes from Two Greek words "hydro" and "ponics"

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“Hydro” means water “Ponics” means labor

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Hydroponic can be defined as a subset of hydro culture and is a way of growing plants food crops or flowers in water but without any soil

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History Of Hydroponics

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The scientists however started their experiments with soil less gardening back in the 1950s and there has been progress and developments in this concept which came to be known as hydroponic gardening

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What Are The Benefits Of Hydroponics

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No need for a yard or a garden to grow your plants Quite affordable No longer have to be dependent on seasonal planting Plants grow faster under this system Yield of the plants under the hydroponic system is around 20-25 bigger Convenient way of growing plants Gardening takes up less space than the conventional way

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Helps to save water Hydroponic system is better for the overall environment Way of enjoyment Bond the family together This system only needs about 1/4 of the fertilizer in the planting Great form of food source Produce about the same yeild as compared to the soil gardening

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Different Types Of Hydroponic Systems

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Deep water culture 1 Ebb and flow 2 Wicking 3 The Drip System 4 Aeroponic 5 Nutrient Film technique 6

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1 DEEPWATER CULTURE The Deepwater culture or DWC is also known as the reservoir method and it is also one of the easiest way of growing plants using the hydroponic system

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2 NUTRIENT FILM TECHNIQUE NFT or Nutrient Film Technique is another system of hydroponics where there is a continuous flow of nutrient solution that flows over the roots of the plants

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3 AEROPHONICS This method of hydroponic is where the roots of the plant are misted with the nutrient solution while they are suspended in the air

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4 THE WICK SYSTEM There is a reservoir that is filled with nutrients and water and above it there is a container that is filled with the growing medium

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5 EBB AND FLOW This method works through flooding the growing medium through a nutrient and water solution and then it drains it back into the reservoir

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6 THE DRIP SYSTEM There is a timer which controls a submersed pump and the timers turns the pump on and the solution mixed with the nutrients is dripped on the base of each plant using a very small drip line

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Getting Started With The Hydroponic System

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Choosing What To Grow Almost anything can be grown using the hydroponic system of gardening but for the beginners it is best to start small

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Lighting At least six hours of sunlight every single day and twelve or sixteen hours is even better for their growth

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Room Conditions Air circulation as well as the CO2 levels. The ideal level of humidity for the hydroponic grow room is around 40-60 relative humidity.

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Water Quality PH of the water as well as the level of the mineral salts. The PH level which is the ideal level is around 5.8 to 6.2 slightly acidic

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Nutrients The fertilizers or the nutrients which are used in the hydroponic system are available quite easily in two forms liquid as well as in the dry form

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Other Equipment

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Meters Humidifiers Fans

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Meters You would be required to have meters in order to test the pH and the PPM levels of the water Humidifiers Purchase a room humidifier or a dehumidifier depending on the climate Fans Invest in some kind of an air circulation equipment or a fan so that you can make the air flow better in your grow room

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Starter Plants

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Herbs for example parsley basil cilantro oregano and mint Green for example spinach lettuce kale and Swiss chard Strawberries Tomatoes Hot Peppers

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Pick Your Medium

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Coconut Coir LECA / Clay Balls

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Coconut Coir Husks of coconut and is composed of micro sponges LECA / Clay Balls Lightweight Expanded Clay Aggregate and it excels with drainage

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How To Monitor Your Hydroponic System

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Monitor your hydroponic crops regularly The mechanics of your hydroponic system You should also check the timer and the lights They should be monitored at least once a week The water needs to be changed in case there is a sign of any disease Check the plants for disease or any pests Check the nutrient levels

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The Future Of Hydroponics

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Which is up by 19 this year 43 million of American households are expected to grow their own fruits vegetables herbs and berries this year

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With the movement towards the health conscious society on the rise this is a great opportunity for hydroponics and organic farming

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MORE INFORMATION www.Hydroponicgarde ningcenter.com/Learn- hydroponics/

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