Get the fact of Congenital Heart Defects

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Congenital Heart Defect is a problem with the structure of the heart, usually present at birth.it is the most common type of birth defects.

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What Are Congenital Heart Defects?:

What Are Congenital Heart Defects?

What is CHD:

What is CHD Congenital Heart D efect is a problem with the structure of the heart, usually present at birth. Congenital Heart Defects are the most common type of birth defects. In this condition, the flow of the blood through the heart gets disrupted. The blood flow can slow down, go in wrong direction or wrong place, or can get completely blocked .

Types of CHD:

Types of CHD 1. Holes in the Heart (Septal Defects) a. Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) b. Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) 2. Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA) 3. Valvular Disorders a. Stenosis b. Atresia c. Regurgitation 4. Tetralogy of Fallot

Causes & Risks Factors:

Causes & Risks Factors Maternal smoking/Exposure to second hand smoke during the first trimester of pregnancy . Maternal Binge Drinking . Gestational Diabetes Mellitus . Obesity in Mother. Folate Deficiency . Having a parent with CHD.

Signs & Symptoms of CHD:

Signs & Symptoms of CHD Rapid Breathing Cyanosis (A bluish tint to Skin,Lips,Fingernails ) Fatigue Heart Murmurs Poor Blood Circulation

How CHD is Diagnosed?:

How CHD is Diagnosed ? Physical exams include checking the infant for rapid Breathing , Heart murmurs, Cyanosis , Delayed growth or any such symptom . Diagnostic tests Echocardiography EKG (Electrocardiogram ) Chest X Ray Pulse Oximetry Cardiac Catheterization

CHD Treatment Options:

CHD Treatment Options Treatment of a child depends on the type & severity of the heart defect & also Age, Size & General health of the child. Some types of CHD's can be cured with the help of plain medicines without any major Treatment. Treatment options for Complex CHD's: Cardiac Catheterization Surgery a. Open Heart Surgery b. Heart Transplant

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