Scotland Project unfinished

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Slide 1:

 Map of Scotland Scotland’s flag  This PowerPoint is about Scotland’s history, culture, geography , and more

The Picts:

The Picts Who are the Scottish people? Did they start off on Scottish soil? The answer is no. The Scots started as picts (it is unknown where they originated from) who went over to the Scottish part of Great Britain around the ice age. They were hunter-gatherers and lived in caves and primitive shelter. Then around 400 A.D a new ethnic group joined the picts

The Scotti:

The Scotti The Scotti is an Irish tribe also known as the Gaels. Were raiding the British Isles from Ireland. They eventually helped the Picts fight back the Roman Empire, which was the strongest nation of it’s time. They eventually mixed with the Picts, but that’s not all that added to the Scottish people of today. The third and final ethnic groups joins in.

The Norse :

The Norse The Norse Vikings from Norway raided the British Isles and settled on some of the Scottish Isles. The Vikings and the Pict/ Scotti’s fought for awhile and eventually killed the Pictish king. The Scotti and the Picts then formed the “Caledonians” the first name given to the people living in Scotland. Eventually the Caledonians got their lands back and made the Norse Vikings leave, but some of their culture got into Scottish culture as well and that is all that make up the Scottish.

Scottish Wars of Independence Pt. 1:

Scottish Wars of Independence Pt. 1 In 1296, the people were tired of English rule and rebellion had begun. Then two men emerged, Andrew De Moray and William Wallace also known as “Braveheart”. Andrew Moray got like-minded followers and begun guerilla attacks on English outposts in Moray region and took the region back. Wallace killed an English sheriff of Lanark and sacked the English outpost. When word got out that they killed the English soldiers at the outpost, men rallied to Wallace to fight back. The nobles of Scotland used to think Wallace and his men rebels but they soon respected him, and eventually Sir William Douglas and other nobles joined Wallace in his campaign against English Tyranny. Hearing of Moray and Wallace’s success King Edward I of England sent troops to deal with them, hearing that Sir William Douglas had joined the “rebels” he sent Robert The Bruce a Scottish noble . Bruce on the way to Scotland found that he wanted to stay loyal to Scotland and did not help the English. Soon the real war would begin  Wallace Moray 

Scottish Wars of Independence Pt. 2:

Scottish Wars of Independence Pt. 2 The real first battle was “The Battle of Stirling Bridge”. The Large, Lavishly equipped, over confident English army was led by King Edwards viceroy, Surrey. They were defeated by William Wallace and assorted army of the under equipped Scotsmen. It was here that Andrew De Moray died. The next battle fought was Falkirk and was heavily defeated by King Edward himself who was present for the battle. Wallace never again commanded an army on the field. In 1305 Wallace was caught by the English and was hanged until he almost suffocated then let go many times for torture, then drawn by horse on the ground for many miles, then finally quarted. With Wallace dead the hope of resistance in Scotland seemed over. But then another came into the spotlight. Wallace at falkirk  S tirling bridge

Scottish Wars For Independence Pt. 3:

Scottish Wars For Independence Pt. 3  Robert The Bruce Robert the Bruce, a rival to the Scottish throne who took command of the Scottish when William Wallace died. In 1306 John Comyn and Robert The Bruce held a meeting to discus plans to resist the English, but they quarreled and Bruce stabbed Coymn in a church and left him to die. Bruce was excommunicated from the church immediatley . On March 27 th 1306 Bruce raised the Royal Standard had himself crowned King of Scots. On June 26 th Bruce was heavily defeated. Bruce went from Island to Island escaping English capture. He returned to find Scotland in devastation. But he and his men persisted and on Palm Sunday 1307 they achieved their first victory!

Scottish Wars For Independence Pt. 4:

Scottish Wars For Independence Pt. 4 After his latest victory Robert the Bruce gained more allies, Clan Campbell who supported him the most out of all, Clan McDonald, and Clan Maclean. At London Hill Bruce showed his spears had the measure of the heavy English Calvary. In June Edward I, who had become ill earlier, set out for Scotland at the head of a massive army to subdue Bruce. On July 7 th 1307, Edward I died at Burgh/on/Sands. His last wish was that his bones where carried at the head of the army until Scotland was crushed. Now Edward II, a less competent general and idiot for a leader, was king. For Bruce Edward I’s death was a turning point. Edward II became distracted by other preoccupations and abandoned his father’s project of a major campaign and withdrew, leaving the English garrisons in Scotland to stand their ground and try to survive on their own. In 1309 Bruce controlled most of Scotland north of the Forch and Clyde. After Holding a meeting in Fife, the King of France secretly Recognized Bruce as King of Scotland. In 1310 the Church joined Bruce’s side even though he was excommunicated. In 1311 Bruce got his chance at retaliation on English soil, he invaded and demolished northern England, sacking the towns of Durham and Hartlepool. Within 3 years he forced the English out of Dundee, Dumfries, Perth, Roxburgh, and Edinburgh. Leaving only stirling under English control. Edward II with a large well equipped army he went to the relief of Stirling. And that is where he found Robert the Bruce waiting for him. On June 24 th 1314 the two armies met by Bannock Burn just below Stirling. Bruce outnumbered three to one, but he chose better ground and had the tactical advantage, Bruce only had light Calvary and no archers to match the English longbows, but had the higher ground. The English heavy knights found them self slowly climbing up steep hills and swamp like meadows where the dirt turned to mud from rain, and the English archers no room to deploy. At dawn the armies clashed and Edward II was running towards Dunbar as fast as his horse could run. In 1318 the Scots took Berwick and were free of the English in Scotland. Bruce took the war to Ireland, for Edward II had named his brother king of Ireland for which they helped the English.

Letter to Pope John XXII:

Letter to Pope John XXII In 1320 the Pope who had excommunicated Bruce was dead and Edward II wanted to make sure the new Pope would confirm his excommunication. The People of Scotland outraged by Edwards plea wrote the Pope a letter stating “we fight not for glory, nor richer, nor honour , but only for that liberty which no true man relinquishes but with his life by the providence of god, by the right of succession, by those laws and customs which we are resolved to defend even with our lives, and by our own just content, he is our king yet Robert himself should he turn aside from the task he has begun and yield Scotland of us to the English king or his people, we should cast out as the enemy of us all, and we should choose another king to defend our freedom; for so long as an hundred remain alive we are minded never a whit to bow beneath the yoke of English domination” The Pope after hearing this, agreed to annul Robert’s excommunication, Edward II had failed yet again. After Edward III took the throne and many skirmishes between England and Scotland they agreed to sign a Treaty of Peace.

The Jacobite rebellion :

The Jacobite rebellion In 1745 there was talk of a Jacobite uprising

Clans and Tartans:

Clans and Tartans A “clan” is the Scottish-Gaelic word for family. A clan is a very loosely related family and each family had a chief, and their own “tartan”. A tartan is the color and design of the kilt a Scotsman/woman would wear. A clan would own it’s own land, and have it’s own justice system.  Clan Campbell’s motto and symbol Clan McDonald's motto and symbol  These Clans are bitter rivals.

Scotland's Culture :

Scotland's Culture Scotland has a great culture. Their country’s food is “Haggis” Haggis is a dish containing sheep's 'pluck’ (heart, liver and lungs), minced with onion, oatmeal, suet, spices, and salt, mixed with stock, and traditionally simmered in the animal's stomach for approximately three hours, their drink is “Scotch” a type of whisky only brewed IN scotland . Their instrument’s are, The Great Highland bagpipes and the highland drums. The highland drums are played very fast and use lots of roll’s. Scotland also had the great poet “Robert Burns” who wrote many great poems, born in Ayshire.There is so much more to scottish culture I could not explain it all in one slide

Scotland geography:

Scotland geography Whether you go north to the Great Highlands or south to the rolling plains, the country side and sights are beautiful and amazing. The cities are great too. Whether you visit Edinburgh (pronounced In- Burrah ) scotlands capital, Aberdeen Scotland’s biggest port city, Inverness what people call the capital of the highlands, or Glasgow the most populated. You will be amazed  Highlands Lowlands 

End:

End That’s all. I hope this has informed you about the history, culture, and geography of scotland .

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