Assignment on Carp Hatchery: Assignment on Carp Hatchery Introduction: Introduction The commonly cultivated six species - Catla ( Catla catla ) Rohu ( Labeo rohita ), Mrigal ( Cirrhinus mrigala ) Silver carp ( Hypothalmichthys molitrix ), Grass carp ( Ctenopharyngodon idella ) and Common carp ( Cyprinus carpio ) are considered to be the best cultivable species of fishes in the inland water system. These fishes originally belong to riverine environment and when cultured in standing water bodies such as ponds and tanks, they attain maturity but normally do not breed under confined conditions. Special attempts are therefore made to breed them by artificially creating riverine conditions and stimulating there endocrine system. Slide 3: The technique of breeding fish by other than its natural course is known as INDUCED BREEDING. Induced breeding techniques has been developed for production of quality fish seed of cultivable varieties. It is one of the most dependable methods of producing pure seed of desired species of fish. Further this technique has helped to produce fish seed in those areas where natural collection of fish seed was not possible. Method of induced Breeding: Hypophysation : Method of induced Breeding: Hypophysation The technique of breeding the fish by administering pituitary gland extract injection is known as induced breeding or hypophysation. The pituitary gland secretes several hormones of which Gonadotropin is the most important for breeding. The increasing demand of fish pituitaries have now been solved to some extent by the introduction of HCG, now readily available in the market. The HCG is now increasingly becoming popular due to its low cost. A mixture of HCG and pituitary hormone extract in definite proportion are employed successfully for breeding fish. Collection of pituitary gland: : Collection of pituitary gland: Glands are collected from ripe fish by removing the upper part of the skull (scalp) by a sharp knife or a bone cutter. After removing the scalp, the brain is exposed which is then cut from the posterior end and lifted up anteriorly. As soon as the brain is lifted the gland can be seen located in the cavity covered by a thin membrane. It is carefully picked up with the help of tweezers and kept immersed in a cavity block or a Petri dish in absolute alcohol under cover. Breeding techniques: : Breeding techniques: After selection of brood fishes from the segregated brooder ponds they are kept in the hapas at fish farms or in fish seed hatcheries for about 6-7 hours for conditioning. After proper conditioning the individual brood fish is weighed in a hand net using a spring balance. The breeders are then ready to receive injection. Breeding environment : : Breeding environment : Success of spawning by hypophysation depends on the hydrological and climatic conditions. Temperature is one of the most important factors. It has been observed that 25 0 -28 0 C is most conducive for breeding. However, spawning could be induced at or below this temperature range. The percentage of fertilization and hatching under uncontrolled conditions is not very satisfactory. Circulation of fresh water containing 5-9 mg/liters of oxygen promotes better success in spawning, higher fertilization of eggs and higher recovery of hatchlings from fertilized eggs. Spawning and hatching: : Spawning and hatching : 1.Glass Jar Hatchery The Glass Jar Hatchery complex is a self contained unit , Consists of…. 1. Water Supply System: The Glass Jar Hatchery complex is a self contained unit , Consists of…. 1. Water Supply System In order to supply water to the hatchery unit an over-head tank connected with the G.I. Pipe line with a water capacity of 5500 lit. The height of the OHT is 4mt. From the ground level for supplying water through gravity to hatchery unit. 2. Breeding Tank: 2. Breeding Tank A breeding tank of 2.0 X 1.0 X 1.o m in dimensions provided with shower and outlet to drain excess water. The no. of breeding tanks depends on target seed production. 3. Glass Jar Incubators: 3. Glass Jar Incubators The incubators are made of good quality transparent glass and jars is set up vertically on the wooden table. The jars are conical in shape being open at the top and gradually tapering towards the bottom. The capacity of each jars is 6.35 lit. Top of the jar is fitted with a G.I. rings having a beak which serve as an outlet for water coming out from the jars. At end jars connected with rubber tubing's. 4. The Spawnery: 4. The Spawnery The spawnery is a hapa of synthetic materials which is fitted on a frame placed inside a cement cistan . An Over head shower is provided from the above to spray water over the developing hatching in the hapa . A cement cistan of the size 1.8 X 0.9 X 0.9 m which can accommodate about 10 lacs of spawn for 3 days.. 2. Chinese Circular Hatchery: 2. Chinese Circular Hatchery Chinese Hatchery :-: Chinese Hatchery :- It is also known as Eco-Hatchery or Circular Hatchery. The hatchery complex consists of an Over head tank, Spawning tank, Incubation tank & Spawn receiving tank. Eco- Hatchery circular spawning Pond…..: Eco- Hatchery circular spawning Pond….. Eco-hatchery-Incubation pool: : Eco-hatchery-Incubation pool: Rearing in earthen ponds at fish farm up to fry stage: : Rearing in earthen ponds at fish farm up to fry stage : Thank You….. : Thank You…..