Articles : Articles a an & the a = one person or one thing : a = one person or one thing a car a small car a small pink car a = one person or one thing : a = one person or one thing a woman a young woman a friendly young woman an before a e i o u sounds : an before a e i o u sounds an apple an orange an eggplant Slide 5: a book an interesting book animal an a small animal Slide 6: 1 Do you have ____ umbrella? a or an? 2 I’d like to buy ____ hat, please. 3 I’ll see you in ____ hour. 4 UWS is ____ university. Slide 7: 1 Do you have an umbrella? a or an? 2 I’d like to buy a hat, please. 3 I’ll see you in an hour. 4 UWS is a university. an before a e i o u sounds remember : a /an for occupations : a /an for occupations ‘What do you do?’
‘I’m a bus driver.’
‘What does she do?’
‘She’s an electrician.’ Answers: Exercise 1 : Answers: Exercise 1 1 an old book
2 a window
3 a horse
4 an airport
5 a new airport
6 an organisation
7 a university
8 an hour
9 an economic problem Answers: Exercise 2 : Answers: Exercise 2 1 A duck is a bird.
2 A carrot is a vegetable.
3 Tennis is a game.
4 A hammer is a tool.
5 Everest is a mountain.
6 Jupiter is a planet.
7 A pear is a fruit.
8 The Amazon is a river.
9 A rose is a flower.
10 A trumpet is a musical instrument. Answers: Exercise 3 : Answers: Exercise 3 1 She’s a dentist.
2 He’s a shop assistant.
3 She’s a photographer.
4 She’s a taxi-driver.
5 He’s an electrician.
6 She’s a nurse.
7 He’s a private detective. a/ an and the : a/ an and the There are three windows here.
a window = window 1, 2 or 3 a / an and the : a / an and the There is only one window – the window. a / an and the : I’ve got a dog.
(there are many dogs and I’ve got one)
I’m going to take the dog for a walk.
(the dog = my dog)
Is there a dentist in Granville?
(there are many dentists – is there one here?)
I went to the dentist yesterday.
(the dentist = my dentist)
Sydney is a beautiful city.
(there are many beautiful cities, Sydney is one)
Sydney is the capital of NSW.
There is only one capital of NSW. a / an and the Slide 15: I bought __sandwich and __ milkshake. ___sandwich was nice but __ milkshake was horrible. I bought a sandwich and a milkshake. The sandwich was nice but the milkshake was horrible. the sandwich and the milkshake = my sandwich and my milkshake a / an or the Slide 16: We use the when it is clear which person or thing we mean. For example:
the roof, the backyard, the kitchen (house)
‘Where’s Sam?’ ‘He’s in the kitchen.’
the station, the airport, the bank (city or town)
the door, the ceiling, the light ( a room) The : The the same
Peter and Brian live in the same street.
(not in same street)
the sun/the moon/ the sky / the city / the country
I live in the city. (not - I live in city)
the police / the airforce / the army
the top / the bottom / the left / the right Do not use the with: : Do not use the with: Names of people and names of places.
I went to Canberra yesterday.
I went to the Canberra yesterday. X
I saw Sue last week.
I saw the Sue last week. X
breakfast / lunch / dinner
days / months/ years Answers: Exercise 1 : Answers: Exercise 1 1 We enjoyed our holiday. The hotel was very nice.
2 Can I ask a question?
3 You need a holiday.
4 Where’s Tom? He’s in the bathroom.
5 Jane is an interesting person.
6 A: Excuse me, can you tell me how to get to the city centre?
B: Yes, you go straight ahead and then take the next turn left.
7 A: Shall we go out for a meal this evening?
B: Yes, That’s a good idea.
8 It’s a nice morning. Let’s go for a walk.
9 Amanda is a good student. When she finishes her studies she wants to be a journalist. She lives with two friends in a flat near the college where she is studying. The flat is small but she likes it.
10 Peter and Mary have got two children, a boy and a girl. The boy is seven years old and the girl is three. Peter works in a factory. Mary hasn’t got a job at the moment. Answers: Exercise 2 : Answers: Exercise 2 1 Can you open the door please?
2 How far is it to the airport?
3 Can I have a cup of coffee please?
4 That’s a nice picture. I like it.
5 Can you turn off the radio please?
Why are you sitting on the floor? Answers: Exercise 3 : Answers: Exercise 3 1 Don’t forget to turn off the light when you go out.
2 Enjoy your holiday and don’t forget to send me a postcard.
3 What is the name of this village?
4 Canada is a very big country.
5 What is the largest city in Canada?
6 I like this room but I don’t like the colour of the carpet.
7 ‘Are you OK?’ ‘No, I’ve got a headache.’
8 We live in an old house near the station.
9 What is the name of the director of the film we saw last night. Quick Quiz : Quick Quiz a / an / the or nothing.
Last night I stayed home and watched ____ television.
____ Mary used to live in ____ country.
What do you usually eat for ____ breakfast?
‘What’s Sue doing?’ ‘She’s on ____ phone.’
____Mike is ____ good student.
____Peter is _____ youngest student in the class.
____ Sydney is ____ interesting city.
This class is ____ best class at using articles. Quick Quiz : Quick Quiz a / an / the or nothing.
1 Last night I stayed home and watched television.
2 Mary used to live in the country.
3 What do you usually eat for breakfast?
4 ‘What’s Sue doing?’ ‘She’s on the phone.’
5 Mike is a good student.
6 Peter is the youngest student in the class.
7 Sydney is an interesting city.
8 This class is the best class at using articles. How to improve your use of articles : How to improve your use of articles Read and read and read
Borrow some grammar books - :
Essential Grammar in Use and English Grammar in Use by Raymond Murphy have several units on articles (the exercises you have done today are from Essential Grammar in Use)