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User-Centric Services: 

User-Centric Services Dr. Niel Ransom CTO Alcatel

Applications, Bandwidth, and Technology: 

Applications, Bandwidth, and Technology Browsing / Radio -> 144 kbps Music CDs 160 kbps Music WEB Cam ½ Screen Video / PC 300 - 700 kbps News Clips Samples Full Screen MPEG4 - MPEG2 700Kbps – 4.3 Mbps Live Sports HQ TV / DVD Movie High Resolution 4-6+ Mbps (per single ch) Pay Per View Online News Modem ISDN ADSL ADSL+ / VDSL FTTU E-mail 56 kbps Voice Services 56 kbps - 1.5+Mbps

Bandwidth - Technical evolution Innovation: 

Bandwidth - Technical evolution Innovation (Numbers subject to loop conditions)

Power-allocation modes : 

Power-allocation modes Rate-Adaptive (RA) use all available power (fixed) to maximize bit rate while maintaining fixed margin Margin-Adaptive (RA) use all available power (fixed) to maximize margin while maintaining fixed bit rate Power-Adaptive (PA) = Fixed-Margin (FM) minimize power while maintaining fixed bit rate and fixed noise margin bit rate noise margin bit rate noise margin bit rate noise margin transmit PSD transmit PSD transmit PSD DSM current deployment practice

Dynamic Spectrum Management (DSM) in a nutshell: 

Dynamic Spectrum Management (DSM) in a nutshell Static Spectrum Management (SSM) Based on region-based fixed spectral masks designed under the assumption of worst-case Xtalk interference Dynamic Spectrum Management (DSM) Transmit PSD’s are adapted to actual and time-varying Xtalk interference in order to optimize rate/reach performance DSM levels of coordination level 0: no DSM, hence SSM level 1: Xtalk avoidance by means of single-user power allocation (centralized or distributed implementation) level 2: Xtalk avoidance by means of multi-user power allocation (centralized implementation required) level 3: Xtalk cancellation (upstream) and pre-compensation (downstream) by means of multi-user transmission (also called “vectoring” or MIMO = multiple-input multiple-output)

Dynamic Spectrum Management Performance analysis: 

Dynamic Spectrum Management Performance analysis

Passive Optical Networks for FTTx: 

Passive Optical Networks for FTTx OLT ONU ADSL ( < 6 KM ) < 8 Mbit/s FTTEx ONU ADSL/VDSL ( < 1 KM ) < 26 Mbit/s FTTCab ONU VDSL ( < 300 M ) < 52 Mbit/s FTTC ONT < 622 Mbit/s down < 155 Mbit/s up FTTH/B Central Office XNT XNT XNT

Fiber-to-the-Premises: the ultimate fixed access: 

Fiber-to-the-Premises: the ultimate fixed access Initial Deployments: Developers Municipalities ILECs Joint Procurement Consortium 7340 V-OLT 7340 OLT 7340 H-ONT 7340 AMS Voice, data OC-3, OC-12 Network core Central office or remote terminal Fiber distribution NID Home network Video Servers

PON Technology Comparison: 

PON Technology Comparison

WiMAX potential impact: 

WiMAX potential impact Standard overview IEEE 802.16a: Fixed Wireless Access technologies under 10GHz: 2.4 & 5.8 GHz (both unlicensed) and 2.5 (MMDS) & 3.5 GHz (both licensed) IEEE 802.16d (mid 04): provides additional capabilities such as antenna beam forming, OFDM sub-channelling IEEE 802.16e: will add mobility to 802.16d in the future (on-going for end 04) WiMAX initiative WiMAX forum is to 802.16a what WiFi is for 802.11 70 member companies

Wireless access technology comparison: 

Wireless access technology comparison

WiMAX 802.16 Applications: 

WiMAX 802.16 Applications BACKHAUL RESIDENTIAL & SoHo Wireless DSL ALWAYS BEST CONNECTED 802.16e 802.11 802.11 Multi-Point BACKHAUL 802.11 802.16a

How much bandwidth is enough ?: 

How much bandwidth is enough ? Kbit/sec G.711 G.726 G.728 G.729 G.723.1 Audio CD MP3 MP3Pro, AAC Full rate Codec M-JPEG MPEG2 MPEG4

The market potential reinforced with evidence from mature markets showing willingness to pay : 

The market potential reinforced with evidence from mature markets showing willingness to pay Gaming depends on “gaming culture” in a given society Music readiness to subscribe to a legal, easy-to-use service Broadcast TV traditional cable subscription Video-on-Demand comparable to what people spend in DVD and tapes Hi-Speed Internet Access flat ARPU at increasing performance Fixed Voice Services 35 € 35-50 € 15-25 € 10-35 € 5-15 € 5-25 € Gaming Korea has 3 million active gamers, Italy only 100k at present Music 135,000 users of Musicmatch pay around 7 € per month Broadcast TV 10 € Belgium, 35 € U.K. Video-on-Demand Monaco Teleom: 20 € for 5 films per month, 5 € per additional Hi-Speed Internet Access metered entry @ 13€ in Italy high-end >50 € in D, U.K. Fixed Voice Services Perceived Value of Service Components (consumer view)

Worldwide start to Video over DSL: 

Worldwide start to Video over DSL Europe: Incumbent Telco’s (Kingston, T-Online, CYTA, Telekom Austria, France Telecom,..) and CLEC’s Broadcasters (TF1 – France) Asia/Pacific: Incumbent Telco’s (PCCW, SingTel, CHT..) CLEC’s (Softbank) Canada: ILEC’s: Telus, SaskTel, MTS, Bell Canada United States: Qwest plus various small IOC’s and Municipalities

A Strong Ecosystem of Industry Partners (“Dance with Alpes”): 

A Strong Ecosystem of Industry Partners (“Dance with Alpes”) Define an open Service Delivery chain and lead it towards standardization Devise viable business models, covering the whole chain (Now folded into the Broadband Delivery Forum)

Could tomorrow's value be located out of the network ?: 

Could tomorrow's value be located out of the network ? Carrier networks

What are the carriers’ sustainable advantages ?: 

What are the carriers’ sustainable advantages ? Scale and Ubiquity Multimedia Services Interactive Video Portability services Call Centers IP Centrex Storage Area Networks Trust Security Applications Content Delivery Firewalls Anti-virus Kiosk, Broker Capabilities Micro-Billing Prepaid Billing Rich “Presence” knowledge Location Based Services Instant messaging

Historic Perspective: Network Centric Services: 

Historic Perspective: Network Centric Services Fixed wireline voice networks Fixed wireline enterprise networks Wireless voice networks Internet networks Access specific terminals Separate applications Separate billing Multiple customer identifiers Independent service platforms Independent service infrastructure Specialized operating staff CATV networks

Expanding Vision of Convergence: 

Expanding Vision of Convergence Fixed – Mobile Convergence CATV – Telco Convergence Voice – Data Convergence

Dimensions of Fixed / Mobile Convergence: 

Dimensions of Fixed / Mobile Convergence Services Service Ubiquity across multi-access network (User to Service) Same service to be accessed through different networks Single user profile and personalization (for fixed, Mobile or WLAN) Service Interaction between fixed and mobile Networks (User to User) Terminals to take into account mobility, privacy and comfort from mobile handset to universal personal handset (fixed and mobile) complemented with dedicated terminals depending on usage with required quality level Transformed Network Architecture common architecture for fixed & mobile Personal Service Environment

Cingular/SBC FastForward: 

Cingular/SBC FastForward A cradle to hold and recharge a wireless phone When the Cingular Wireless phone is "cradled," calls to the wireless phone are forwarded to a designated landline phone Cingular customers with a FastForward device can get unlimited incoming wireless calls (minutes) forwarded to their landline phone in the local calling area — without the minutes counting against their monthly wireless calling plan Service is $3 per month plus the cost of the device ($40) but free to customers who receive a single bill for Cingular wireless and landline services.

Motorola WLAN/cellular : 

Motorola WLAN/cellular Motorola is developing a handset with cellphone and WiFi features Detects local service availability VOIP used to send voice calls on WiFi when in-range Targeted to businesses with WiFi equipped IP-PBXs Service via CDMA/GSM when not under WiFi umbrella Roaming supported Phone calls PBX via GSM and call is xfered to GSM/CDMA after roaming out of range

3GPP IMS Solution: 

3GPP IMS Solution

Vision of the Converged Broadband Future: 

Vision of the Converged Broadband Future Converged Terminals Variety of Access Networks IP/MPLS core Service-aware edge User-Centric Applications DSL FTTU 3G



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