Rural Industries

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Rural Industries OR Small Scale Industries and its types

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RURAL INDUSTRIES

INTRODUCTION:

INTRODUCTION The Ministry of Agro and Rural Industries (MoARI) in India was established in September, 2001 with the aim to develop the Rural Industries in the Indian Economy . A wide range of programs, schemes, projects and policies have been formulated to carry out various activities in the rural sector in India.

IMPORTANCE OF RURAL INDUSTRIES:

IMPORTANCE OF RURAL INDUSTRIES Proper utilization of local resources: Rural industries help in the proper utilization of local resources like raw materials and labour for productive purposes and thus increases productivity. Employment Generation Introduction of rural industries have helped the villagers to have the generation of employment.

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Earnings of foreign exchange: Rural industries play an important role in increasing the foreign exchange earnings of the country through export of their produce. Entrepreneurial development: Rural industries promote entrepreneurial development in the rural sector. It encourages young and promising entrepreneurs to develop and carry out entrepreneurial activities in the rural sector which finally facilitate the development of the rural areas.

Problems of Rural industries:

Problems of Rural industries Lack of infrastructural facilities: Rural areas are characterized by poor infrastructural facilities in the field of roads, electricity, street lighting, road transport etc. which hampers the smooth movement of various industrial activities. This is a major problem faced by rural entrepreneurs. Lack of technical know-how: As rural industries are labour intensive, they cannot afford to introduce sophisticated techniques and methods of production which is very expensive. Lack of technical know-how, appropriate technology and training create immense problem in the growth of rural industries.

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Marketing problems: Marketing of rural products has not been well developed. Promotion and distribution is lacking. Lack of proper communication facilities and marketing information adds to the problem to large extent. Lack of adequate knowledge and information: Though information technology has developed in the modern world, rural people hardly availed its benefits. They are not knowledgeable, trained and motivated to achieve more and more in their own sphere.

Types of rural industries:

Types of rural industries Agro Based Industries: Like sugar industries, jaggery, oil processing from oil seeds, pickles, fruit juice, spices, diary products etc. Sugar Industries :- Sugar is one of the oldest commodities in the world and traces its origin in 4thcentury AD in India and China. In those days sugar was manufactured only from sugarcane. But both countries lost their initiatives to the European, American and Oceanic countries.

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The production of traditional sweeteners gur and khandsari is quite substantial. Though the trends indicate a progressive shift from traditional sweeteners to white sugar over the years. Sugar companies have been established in large cane growing states like Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Punjab and Gujarat.

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Forest Based Industries: Like wood products, bamboo products, honey, making eating plates from leaves. WOOD INDUSTRIES:- Wood is a hard, fibrous tissue found in many trees. It has been used for hundreds of thousands of years for both fuel and as a construction material. It is an organic material.

Importance of wood:

Importance of wood Construction Wood has been an important construction material since humans began building shelters, houses and boats. Nearly all boats were made out of wood until the late 19th century, and wood remains in common use today in boat construction. Furniture and utensils Wood has always been used extensively for furniture, such as chairs and beds. Also for tool handles and cutlery, such as chopsticks, toothpicks and other utensils, like the wooden spoon In the arts Wood has long Certain types of musical instruments, such as those of the violin family, the guitar, The choice of wood may make a significant difference to the tone and resonant qualities of the instrument, been used as an artistic medium Medicine In January 2010 Italian scientists announced that wood could be harnessed to become a bone substitute.

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Mineral based industry: Like stone crushing, cement industries, red oxide making, wall coating powders etc. CEMENT INDUSTRIES:- A cement is a binder, a substance that sets and hardens independently, and can bind other materials together.

Advantages of cement:

Advantages of cement Cement used in construction. The most important use of cement is the production of mortar and concrete.

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TEXTILE INDUSTRIES Like spinning, weaving, colouring etc. Weaving Industries Weaving is a method of fabric production in which two distinct sets of yarns or threads are interlaced at right angles to form a fabric or cloth.

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ENGINEERING AND SERVICES Like agriculture equipments, tractors and pump sets repairs etc.

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THANKING YOU mAde by: Harsha Moolchandani Bms 3 rd semester