Slide 1: Ms. Mahwish Ajaz DEDICATED TO SOCIOLOGY Slide 2: RED-TAPISM and DESPOTISM IN Education set up of Pakistan Group Presentation November-15-2007 Teacher:
Ms. Mahwish ejaz WHAT IS EDUCATION? : 3 WHAT IS EDUCATION? Education:
Increase in the stocks of skills, knowledge
and understanding possessed by individuals
Education is an uncontested acceptance of knowledge PROBLEMS OF EDUCATION IN PAKISTAN : PROBLEMS OF EDUCATION IN PAKISTAN Causes of stagnation : 5 Causes of stagnation RED-TAPISM
DESPOTISM RED-TAPISM : 6 (Synonymous of Corruption)
Is Strict adherence to official formalities.
RED-TAP MAY ITSELF BE CREATED BY THE BUREAUCRATS : Many Government policies are either ,misguided or too Rigid RED-TAPISM WHO is a Bureaucrat? : 7 A Bureaucrat is a Government Official
who follows “a Rigid procedure” in
administering the responsibilities of a
position. WHO is a Bureaucrat? Symptoms of Red-tapism : 8 Symptoms of Red-tapism It is a common feeling that Educational funds are utilized inefficiently without getting the desirable results.
Un Equal access
Inequality of opportunity
Corrupt bureaucrats pass many who they shouldn’t Slide 9: 9 Traps millions of people in poverty and misery
Undermines democracy and the rule of law
Distorts Nation Jeopardises sound governance and ethics in the private sector
Breeds social, economic and political crises
Retards social and economic development “Bureaucratic School Systems Scenario” : 10 “Bureaucratic School Systems Scenario” CULTURAL /
GROUPS EMPLOYERS ORGANISATIONS,
UNIONS PARENTS TERTIARY EDUCATION SCHOOL TEACHER TEACHER Bureaucracy Max Weber (1864-1920) (Renowned German sociologist) : 11 Bureaucracy Max Weber (1864-1920) (Renowned German sociologist) A monopoly of governmental influence in education "From a purely technical point of view, a bureaucracy is capable of attaining the highest degree of efficiency, and is in this sense formally the most rational known means of exercising authority over human beings. It is superior to any other form in precision, in stability, in the stringency of its discipline, and in its reliability. It thus makes possible a particularly high degree of calculability of results for the heads of the organization and for those acting in relation to it. It is finally superior both in intensive efficiency and in the scope of its operations and is formally capable of application to all kinds of administrative tasks REFERENCE:
"Some Consequences of Bureaucratization, Impact of Red-Tapist and true Bureaucracy : 12 Impact of Red-Tapist and true Bureaucracy Healthy state is unified, orderly, and in balance, and that its people have happiness, honor, strength, and security. However, an unhealthy state is disorderly and unbalanced, and may require strong measures to restore it to normal. Corruption&RED-TAPISM : Corruption&RED-TAPISM Defining Corruption : 14 Defining Corruption Misuse of entrusted power for private benefit Causes of Corruption : 15 Causes of Corruption Lack of Accountability (31.68%)
Red Tapism (29.28%)
Low salaries (16.54%)
Monopoly of power (16.43%)
Discretionary powers (12.61%)
Lack of transparency (9.97%)
Power of influential people (4.59%)
Others (4.9%) The National Integrity System : The National Integrity System Slide 17: 17 Sustainable
Development Rule of
Law Quality of Life Slide 18: 18 The Pillars are interrelated, weakness in one or more leads to……? Slide 19: 19 The National Integrity System Slide 20: 20 Red-Tapism CATEGORY WISE Red-tapism and School System : 21 Red-tapism and School System Teacher recruitment and postings influenced by bribes or sexual favors
Exam questions sold in advance
Examination results only released upon payment
Children from certain communities favored for admission, while others are subjected to extra payments. Red-Tapism in Higher Education : 22 Red-Tapism in Higher Education PhD and Lapsed Scholar Ships
High Drop Out Rate
Supervising Unmanageable marks PARHA LIKHA PUNJAB “FRAUD” : PARHA LIKHA PUNJAB “FRAUD” Government of Punjab announced Rs 7 billion Despotism and Pakistan : Despotism and Pakistan What is DESPOTISM? : 25 What is DESPOTISM? “Despotism” is a form of government by a single authority, either as individual or tightly knit group, which rules with absolute political power. In its classical form, a despotism is a state where one single person is called a Despot. Despotism and Pakistan : 26 Despotism and Pakistan Pakistan has an unfortunate history of absolute despotism.
The ruler has unlimited power
They sometimes use force to maintain power Despotism in Education Set Up : Despotism in Education Set Up Feudal lord in rural areas
Heads of the state have established their own policies for the education system.
The main tyranny of our government towards education is that they are spending less than 6% of the budget. Slide 28: How They Impose Despotism in our education set up? Despotism And School system : 29 Despotism And School system Staff exploiting and abusing pupils in many different ways (physically and sexually)
School property used for private commercial purposes.
(“if you don’t vote for me, you won’t get the school” ) Slide 30: 30 HOW
SYSTEM……! Recommendations: : 31 Recommendations: Better status and pay for teacher
Emphasis must be given on development of analytical faculties of the students
There’s need for In-Built Monitoring system
Involvement of parents, teachers, and civil society in planning and management Recommendations: : 32 Recommendations: Improving the quality of teaching-learning process
Strengthening and up gradation of Teacher Training institutions.
Politically independent administrations
Clear criteria for student admissions and examinations Recommendations: : Recommendations: Codes of conductClear codes of conduct for school staff are needed to ensure certain standards
Theft, misuse of funds and other illegal acts carried out by staff must be consistently dealt with by the courts to maintain respect for the rule of law. THANK YOU! : 34 THANK YOU! Group: