Slide 1: WELCOME
KNOW YOUR SELF Dr . S.K..M.SASTRY BY Slide 2: MAN IS THE LATEST PRODUCT OF TOTAL
EVOLUTION. HIS ULTIMATE AIM IS TO KNOW
HIMSELF. NOW, LET’S KNOW OUR BODY & IT’S
FUNCTIONS TO PREPARE OURSELVES TO KNOW
THE REAL SELF A HUMBLE PRESENTATION FOR A NOBLE CAUSE KNOW YOUR SELF Slide 3: MAN IS HENCE COMPOSED OF FIVE PROTO ELEMENTS SUCH AS SOLIDS, LIQUIDS, GASES, FIRE(LIGHT) AND SKY(MIND)
SOLIDS : BONES, MUSCLES, NERVES, VISCERA, Etc.
LIQUIDS : BLOOD, WATER, LYMPH, MUCOUS, PLASMA Etc.,
GASES : O2, CO2, NITROGEN Etc.,
FIRE : METABOLISM
SKY : MIND AND SOUL MAN REPRESENTS THE MINI UNIVERSE OF THIS GROSS UNIVERSE. Slide 4: It Is A Functional Unit Of The Living Organism. Skin, Epithelium, Muscles, Nerves, Bones, Blood,mucous Etc.
A Group Of Cells Doing Same Function Form Tissues Such As Skin, Epithelium, Muscles, Nerves, Bones, Blood, mucous Etc
A Group Of Tissues Doing Same Function Form Organs Such As Brain, Heart, Lungs, Stomach, Liver, Kidney, eye, Ears, Nose, Thyroid, Pitutary, Uterus, Testes Etc.
A Group Of Organs Doing Same Function Form Systems Such As Nervous, Circulatory , Respiratory, urinary, Digestive Etc..
ALL THAT AND ABOVE THAT CELL: CELL: TISSUES: ORGANS: SYSTEMS: MAN: Slide 6: BONES 206 BONES, MAIN PILLARS OF THE BODY, GIVES SHAPE, STRENGTH AND PROTECTION TO VITAL ORGANS. Slide 7: Electrical System Carry Impulses To And From The Body To Brain.
Autonomous Nervous System Makes All Important Parts To function independently & Involuntarily. IF NERVOUS SYSTEM FAILS COMA RESULTS. BRAIN & NERVES autonomic nervous system, parasympathetic nervous system, sympathetic nervous system, vegetative nervous system, the part of the nervous system that regulates vital functions of the body that are not consciously controlled (involuntary). It includes the activity of the heart, the smooth muscles (as digestive muscles), and the glands. It has two divisions: the sympathetic nervous system speeds up heart rate, narrows blood vessels, and raises blood pressure; the parasympathetic nervous system slows heart rate, increases intestinal and gland activity, and relaxes ringlike muscles that close passages (sphincters). : autonomic nervous system, parasympathetic nervous system, sympathetic nervous system, vegetative nervous system, the part of the nervous system that regulates vital functions of the body that are not consciously controlled (involuntary). It includes the activity of the heart, the smooth muscles (as digestive muscles), and the glands. It has two divisions: the sympathetic nervous system speeds up heart rate, narrows blood vessels, and raises blood pressure; the parasympathetic nervous system slows heart rate, increases intestinal and gland activity, and relaxes ringlike muscles that close passages (sphincters). Slide 9: RIGHT CAVITY LEFT CAVITY IMPURE BLOOD TO HEART IMPURE BLOOD
TO LUNGS PURE BLOOD
TO HEART PURE BLOOD TO BODY HEART A PUMPING STATION FAT IN THE HEART VESSEL Slide 10: LIFE FLUID TRANSPORTATION Slide 12: NORMAL BLOOD VESSEL AGING VESSEL WALL NARROWS PASSAGE FAT DEPOSIT NARROWS THE BLOOD PATH HEART AND BLOOD VESSELS HIGH B.P
BRAIN RETINAL & KIDNEY HGE. LOW SALT, LOW FAT, HIGH FIBRE DIETHELPS. REDUCED WEIGHT, EXERCISE,MEDITATION KEEPS FIT. FOLLOW MEDICAL ADVICE. IF CVS FAILS SYNCOPE OCCURS HEART BLOOD
VESSEL Slide 13: Lungs Are Located In The Thoracic Cage. Chest Muscles, Abd. Muscles And Diaphrgm Muscles Help In Taking Breathing. Even A Few Minutes Of Break In Breathing Results Into Death. IF NO OXYGEN ASPHYXIA OCCURS Looks Like A Tree Is Inverted. Oxygen Is Taken From Atmosphere And That Is Sent To Lungs From Where Blood Gets Purified. LUNGS A LIFE GAS STATION Slide 14: Mouth : Munch Well. Saliva Makes Food Juicy And Digests Carbo-hydrates
Food Pipe: Connects Mouth & Stomach from where food passes from mouth to stomach.
Stomach : Digests Proteins & Milk
Duodenum : Most Of The Foods Such As Carbohyrates, Proteins & Fats Digest Here From Pancreatic And Bile Juices.
Small Intestines: The Digested Food Gets Absorbed In To Essential Food.
Large Intestines : Absorbs Left Out
Essential Food And Ejects Waste. DIGESTION A FUEL SECTION Slide 15: KIDNEY
Approximately one million nephrons compose each bean-shaped kidney. The filtration unit of the nephron, called the glomerulus, regulates the concentration within the body of important substances such as potassium, calcium, and hydrogen, and removes substances not produced by the body such as drugs and food additives. EXCRETORY SYSTEM Slide 16: KIDNEY AND NEPHRON Slide 17: MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM Male Reproductive System The reproductive anatomy of the male human is largely external. The male gonads, called testes, hang in a sac of skin called the scrotum. The testes produce sperm, which in humans cannot survive long at body temperature. The penis is the erectile organ responsible both for the excretion of urine and for the transfer of sperm to the vagina of the female. Slide 18: FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM Female Reproductive System
The bones of the human female pelvis form a bowl-shaped cavity that supports the weight of a developing foetus and encloses the organs of the female reproductive tract. Two ovaries, the female gonads, produce mature eggs. Leading away from the ovaries towards the uterus are the fallopian tubes, or oviducts, the site of fertilization. The uterus, a muscular organ with an expandable neck called the cervix, houses the developing foetus, which leaves the woman’s body through the vagina, Slide 19: Pitutary: master gland of endocrines. Located at the base of the brain. Controls growth, sex characters
Thyroid: located at throat. Secretes iodine. Increased thyroid hormone produces heat. Less thyroxine causes retardation of mental and physical growth. Goitre is a condition that occurs due to less iodine secretion.
Adrenal: regulates blood sugar levels. Helps in reabsorption of water. Helps to fight pleasure and sad circumstancwes.
Gonads: sex glands (ovaries & testes)
establishes sex characters . HORMONES Slide 20: EYE TO SEE ALL GOOD Glaucoma, Cataract, Retinal Hge. Retinal Detachment, Short sight, Far sight, Astigmatism, color Blindness are some Of The Common Eye Problems. Cataract-opacity obstructs visual path
Glaucoma- increase of fluid pressure of eye damage sight.
Injuries, heriditary, malnutrition & age have a major role to play. SARVENDRIYANAM NAYANAM PRADHANAM. HENCE PROTECT A NATURAL CAMERA TO ENJOY ALL NATURE’S BEAUTY Slide 21: EAR TO HEAR ALL GOOD Designated as outer ear structures are the visible part of the ear, called the auricle, and the waxy, dirt-trapping auditory canal which conveys changes in air pressure and sound waves to the eardrum. The eardrum, or tympanic membrane, begins the middle ear, which also comprises the eustachian tube and the three vibrating bones of the ear: malleus, incus, and stapes. The cochlea and semicircular canals make up the inner ear. Information passes from the inner ear to the brain via the auditory nerve. Slide 22: Anatomy of the Nose
The uppermost portion of the human respiratory system, the nose is a hollow air passage that functions in breathing and in the sense of smell. The nasal cavity moistens and warms incoming air, while small hairs and mucus filter out harmful particles and micro-organisms. This illustration depicts the interior of the human nose. NOSE TO BREATHE ALL GOOD Slide 23: TONGUE TO SPEAK ALL GOOD
TO TASTE ALL GOOD Taste Regions of the Tongue
The tongue is covered with approximately 10,000 taste buds, grouped in areas sensitive to sweet, sour, salty, and bitter flavours. Chemicals from the food we eat stimulate receptors in each of these areas, and nerves transmit this input to the brain. The sense of smell adds information to give us a wide range of taste. Slide 24: SKIN A TOUCHING PART PROTECTS, GIVES
TEMPARATURE & PAIN
SENSATIONS ECZEMA, DERMATITIS, FUNGAL INFECTION & SOME OF THE ALLERGIC CONDITIONS. Slide 25: OM TATSAT