WRCOG Presentation 2008

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By: leslielove (99 month(s) ago)

Thanks for the presentation about natural gas engines. I'm really glad that people are catching on to the benefits of using natural gas rather than crude oil and regular gasoline. There are so many reasons that we need to be more environmentally friendly these days and it's good to see presentations like this that are telling more people about natural gas. http://compressionsource.com

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Heavy Duty Natural Gas Beyond 2010 : 

Heavy Duty Natural Gas Beyond 2010

Why Natural Gas Engines for Buses & Trucks?: 

Why Natural Gas Engines for Buses & Trucks? Emissions Leadership ISL G is the only Urban Bus and Truck engine that met 2010 EPA Emissions at launch in 2007 Energy Security Reduced reliance on imported oil Lower fuel costs Pathway to hydrogen Emerging Economic Benefits Continuous reliability improvement ISL G Improved Efficiency Greatest benefits in high fuel use applications

Cummins Westport A Cummins JV Company: 

Cummins Westport A Cummins JV Company CWI is a 50:50 joint venture company owned by Cummins Inc., the world’s largest builder of commercial diesels, and Westport Innovations Inc., recognized as the world leader in gaseous fuel engine technology CWI focuses on 6 to 9 litre alternative fuel automotive markets on a global basis. (CNG, LNG, HCNG, LPG) CWI is unique in its commitment and focus on global transit, school bus and truck alt fuel markets Engines are manufactured by Cummins with local parts and service support through the Global Cummins Distributor network. C Gas Plus is #1 natural gas engine in Urban Transit today.

CWI Spark Ignited Technology Evolution: 

Lean Burn NOx Management - In cylinder 1. Lower Exhaust Temp 2. Lower NOx B/C/L Gas Plus CWI Spark Ignited Technology Evolution Stoich NOx Management - Aftertreatment 1. 3 Way Catalyst – consistent emissions across all duty cycles – proven technology 2. In Cylinder Focus - Efficiency

Slide6: 

8.9 litre Stoichiometric EGR engine: Lowest emissions 0.20 g/bhp-hr NOx 0.01 g/bhp-hr PM Higher efficiency Target: 5% fuel economy improvement vs. CWI’s current products Diesel-like reliability & durability Higher clutch engagement torque ISL G – Next Generation Natural Gas Engine Launched June, 2007

Regulated Emissions Targets: 

0.01 0.01 0.10 0.10 0.2 0.2 1.2 1.2 2.5 2.5 4.0 4.0 5.0 5.0 1994 1994 1998 1998 2002 2002 2007 2007 2010 2010 PARTICULATE [g/HP PARTICULATE [g/HP - - hr] hr] 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 NOx / NOx+NMHC [g/HP NOx / NOx+NMHC [g/HP - - hr] hr] 15 PPM 15 PPM 500 PPM 500 PPM SULFUR SULFUR 0.01 0.01 0.10 0.10 0.2 0.2 1.2 1.2 2.5 2.5 4.0 4.0 5.0 5.0 1994 1994 1998 1998 2002 2002 2007 2007 2010 2010 PARTICULATE [g/HP PARTICULATE [g/HP - - hr] hr] 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 NOx / NOx+NMHC [g/HP NOx / NOx+NMHC [g/HP - - hr] hr] 15 PPM 15 PPM 500 PPM 500 PPM SULFUR SULFUR Urban Bus Phase-In Period Regulated Emissions Targets

Where Can HD Natural Gas Go?: 

PARTICULATE [g/HP PARTICULATE [g/HP - - hr] hr] NOx / NOx+NMHC [g/HP NOx / NOx+NMHC [g/HP - - hr] hr] 0.005 0.01 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 Post 2010 Capability PARTICULATE [g/HP PARTICULATE [g/HP - - hr] hr] 0.0 NOx / NOx+NMHC [g/HP NOx / NOx+NMHC [g/HP - - hr] hr] 2010 Regulations .001 Where Can HD Natural Gas Go?

Where Can HD Natural Gas Go?: 

CARB Exec Order – Reading Below the Line FTP: Federal Test Procedure [ transient and steady state ] EURO: Euro III European Steady-State Cycle STD: standard or emissions test cap CERT: certification level Where Can HD Natural Gas Go?

Where Can HD Natural Gas Go?: 

CARB Exec Order – Reading Below the Line FTP: Federal Test Procedure [ transient and steady state ] EURO: Euro III European Steady-State Cycle STD: standard or emissions test cap CERT: certification level Where Can HD Natural Gas Go?

Where Can HD Natural Gas Go?: 

CARB Exec Order – Reading Below the Line FTP: Federal Test Procedure [ transient and steady state ] EURO: Euro III European Steady-State Cycle STD: standard or emissions test cap CERT: certification level IS ZERO POSSIBLE??? Where Can HD Natural Gas Go?

Fuel Pricing Creates Economic Advantage: 

Fuel Pricing Creates Economic Advantage Fuel price differential creates overwhelming benefit for NG Breakeven: $0.73/DGE $0.93/DGE $0.62/DGE $0.10 Saved in Fuel Translates into vehicle savings per year: Transit Refuse Truck $1,500 $1,200 $1,200 200 buses 50 Trucks 50 Trucks $7.2 M Capital $875K Capital $875K Capital 45,000 miles-3.5 mpg 15,000 miles-1.5 mpg 65,000 miles-6.5 mpg

Highway/Energy Bill Private Fleets Currently Using Diesel Fuel: 

Highway/Energy Bill Private Fleets Currently Using Diesel Fuel 0.244 0.203 0.041 0.55 0.591 LNG $/ DGE CNG$ / DGE CNG$ / DGE To Fleet To Fuel Provider To Fuel Provider or Fleet Diesel Tax Tax Delta Net Benefit Up to $32,000 Vehicle Tax Credit To Fleet 0.244 0.413 (0.169) 0.85 0.681 Up to $30,000 Infrastructure Tax Credit To Fleet Energy Bill* Highway Bill* All Infrastructure Don’t Own Infrastructure Own Infrastructure * CWI’s Interpretation Subject to IRS Rule Making Natural Gas Tax Tax Credit 0.244 0.203 0.041 0.55 0.591 Oct 1, 2006

Highway/Energy Bill Private Fleets Currently Using Diesel Fuel: 

Highway/Energy Bill Private Fleets Currently Using Diesel Fuel $0.60 LNG $/ DGE CNG$ / DGE CNG$ / DGE To Fleet To Fuel Provider To Fuel Provider or Fleet Net Benefit $32,000 Vehicle Credit To Fleet $0.68 $30,000 Infrastructure Credit To Fleet Energy Bill* Highway Bill* All Infrastructure Don’t Own Infrastructure Own Infrastructure * CWI’s Interpretation Subject to IRS Rule Making $0.60 Oct 1, 2006

Slide15: 

LCC Analysis - Refuse Collection ($15,000) ($10,000) ($5,000) $0 $5,000 $10,000 $15,000 2004-2006 2007-2009 2010+ Relative Annual Costs (US$/unit/yr) Diesel Cummins Westport Model Year Cummins Westport with Energy & Highway Bill Provisions Private ($4144) Private ($4144) Private ($3337) $5743 $1675 $2498 $2573 $2498 Public ($5962) Public ($6644) Public ($6644) Baseline NOx Emission Level (g/bhp-hr) 0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5

ISL G Applications/OEMs: 

ISL G Applications/OEMs REFUSE VOCATIONAL URBAN TRANSIT FUTURE

Thank You: 

Thank You Visit www.cumminswestport.com

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