Save Tiger by Green Yatra

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Follow us on www.facebook.com/greenyatra www.twitter.com/greenyatra Monitoring the Tiger Issues in INDIA by Green Yatra

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Source: Stern Review Follow us on www.facebook.com/greenyatra www.twitter.com/greenyatra Charismatic Large Carnivore at the Apex of the Food Chain Acts as an umbrella species for conserving the biodiversity of forested ecosystems Importance of Tiger Conservation

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Questions Relevant for Tiger Conservation State of tiger habitat? Population Trend of Tigers? Areas where Tigers are decreasing & why ? What is the status of tiger’s wild prey? Where are the Source Populations (breeding units) ? Spacing & connectivity of Populations? How many tigers ? Follow us on www.facebook.com/greenyatra www.twitter.com/greenyatra

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Current Methodology: The Pugmark Census Followed since 1970, All India Census every 4 years, PT Areas every year. Obtain Pugmark Tracings, Plaster Casts and Gait measurements Ancillary information on location, date, and substrate Identify individual tigers on the above information Continuously monitor individual tigers over time Arrive at a total count in an area Follow us on www.facebook.com/greenyatra www.twitter.com/greenyatra

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Critique of the Pugmark Census Method Attempts total count of Tigers. Based on Enumerators Subjective Ability to Identify Individual Tigers from Pugmarks. Variation in Pugmarks with substratum, gait, and observers recording skills. Not possible to obtain Pugmarks from all Tiger Occupied Landscapes. Follow us on www.facebook.com/greenyatra www.twitter.com/greenyatra

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Reliability of Subjective Identification of Pugmarks to Individual Tigers Discriminant Function Analysis for Pugmarks of 18 Different Tigers 1. Area of Toe 3 2. Length Toe 3 3. Pug width 4. Distance for T2 to T3 5. Angle between T2 & T3 6. Distance between N1 & N2 7. Length T2 8. Heel to toe length 9. Distance of pad to toe base 10. Stride 11. Straddle Removing Subjectivity Follow us on www.facebook.com/greenyatra www.twitter.com/greenyatra

Addressing Possible Sources of Variation : 

Addressing Possible Sources of Variation Stage I - Systematic Distribution of Sampling Units Throughout Tiger Landscapes for Spatial Occupancy Monitoring as opposed to Total Count. Beat level (10-15 km2) spatial resolution of : Tigers & Other Carnivore (sign indices) Ungulates (encounter rates & dung / pellet densities) Habitat Details & Human Disturbance Capacity building & Training of Forest Staff Simple yet Scientifically Robust Methodology Across Landscapes. Appropriate Audit Mechanism by External, National & International Experts. Follow us on www.facebook.com/greenyatra www.twitter.com/greenyatra

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SAVE TIGER JUST 1411 LEFT Follow us on www.facebook.com/greenyatra www.twitter.com/greenyatra

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About Green Yatra Green Yatra is a non-profit; Non-Government Organization dedicated to the protection and conservation of our Mother Earth and its Environment. We strive to maintain the integrity of the ecosystems for the benefit of all living creatures by introducing and adopting a simple, Eco friendly, Green Lifestyle, Ideas to our day to day lives. Green Yatra was started and run by a bunch folk who share a strong love and passion for protecting and respecting our only source of life Mother Nature and who think a lot and believe to do same as much as they can .First and foremost, We believe in ACTION.. Sitting idle, complaining and blaming the system, societies or commenting on internet forums are THINGS WE DON'T DO. We believe in working logically, strategically and practically, with Prevention and Solution oriented approaches to our goal of nature conservation. The impact of Go Green Ganesha is a token of our dedication and effort. So, we are working hard in bringing out the VALUE of our nature, hoping for your complete support! Our sole objective is to pass on a habitable green and pollution-free beautiful earth to the upcoming generations. Contact us @: greenyatra09@gmail.comJoin us face to face us in facebook: http://www.facebook.com/greenyatra Be with us in twitter: https://twitter.com/Greenyatra

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