Satire: Two major types of satire:
“Formal" or "direct" satire speaks directly to the reader or to a character in the work;
“Indirect" satire relies upon the ridiculous behavior of its characters to make its point. Satire Satire may be lighthearted and playful or scornful and bitter. The tone depends largely on the particular subject and its author’s intentions.
Irony: Irony There are three common types of irony:
Irony: Irony #1) Verbal – This type can be either spoken or written. The use of words is the opposite of the thought in the speaker's mind, thus conveying a meaning that contradicts the literal definition.
Example: Sarcasm, puns
Irony: Irony #2) Dramatic - This is the contrast between what the character thinks to be true and what we (the readers) know to be true. Sometimes as we read we are placed in the position of knowing more than what one character knows. This often adds to the humor or suspense.
Example: Horror movies, soap operas
Irony: Irony #3) Situational - Situational irony occurs when the results of a situation are far different from what was expected. This results in a feeling of surprise and unfairness due to the odd situation.
Example: A doctor calling out sick, O. Henry stories