Ecotourism

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3rd IRT INTERNATIONALSCIENTIFIC CONFERENCEINTEGRATED RELATIONAL TOURISM - TERRITORIES AND DEVELOPMENT INTHE MEDITERRANEAN AREAEco-tourism a blessing or a curse : 

3rd IRT INTERNATIONALSCIENTIFIC CONFERENCEINTEGRATED RELATIONAL TOURISM - TERRITORIES AND DEVELOPMENT INTHE MEDITERRANEAN AREAEco-tourism a blessing or a curse By Dr Yasser A.H. Osman Duaa R. Mohamed Desert Research Center Beny Swif University Egypt 24 | 25 | 26 October 2009

Out line : 

Out line Eco-tourism is a new term appeared in the past few years, which deals with non-traditional type of tourism. It is differs from the traditional customary.

Defining Ecotourism : 

Defining Ecotourism The term Ecotourism emerged in the late 1980s. Since then it becomes a debated term and defined in different ways, by different groups of people with different agenda

“Ecotourism is nature-based tourism that involves education and interpretation of the natural environment and is managedto be ecologically sustainable.” (Australian National Ecotourism Strategy 1994) : 

“Ecotourism is nature-based tourism that involves education and interpretation of the natural environment and is managedto be ecologically sustainable.” (Australian National Ecotourism Strategy 1994)

Concept of eco-tourism : 

Concept of eco-tourism The current situation of eco-tourism in Egypt in terms of economics Currently the Arab Region specially Egypt is expanding its tourism industries across a number of tourism segments. These includes, Heritage and nature based tourism, business and travel conferencing, beach and sport –oriented leisure activities, and family oriented vacations

Characteristics of Ecotourism : 

Characteristics of Ecotourism Low-impact on the natural, cultural resources Sensitivity towards, and appreciation of local culture and biodiversity Support for local conservation

Characteristics of Ecotourism : 

Characteristics of Ecotourism Sustainable benefits to local communities Local participation in decision making Educational components for both traveler and local communities

Status in Egypt : 

Status in Egypt The Protected Area Network (PAN) represents most of the habitats and ecosystems of Egypt; however, there are other important hotspots, which will be included in the future. Plans are in place to increase the number of Protectorates to 40 and the land area covered to 17% by the year 2017.

Slide 9: 

There are now eco-tourism options that help to underpin the tourism industry. These include: Wilderness trekking. Eco-archeological tourism. Religious tourism. Nature safaris: bird watching, nature walks. Diving on the Red Sea reefs.

The most important places in Egypt for eco-tourism : 

The most important places in Egypt for eco-tourism Marian areas. Costal. Oasis Deserts. Rural areas.

Marin areas : 

Marin areas

Slide 12: 

Costal areas Agyba platue North Coast Arish Hurghada

Oasis : 

Oasis Siwa Farafra Dakhla Kharga Baheya Fayoum

Slide 14: 

Oasis Siwa Paris Dakhla

Deserts : 

Deserts West desert East desert Sinai

Owinat : 

Owinat Deserts Sinai White Dessert New valley

Rural areas : 

Rural areas

Relations and interactions between the stalk holders : 

Relations and interactions between the stalk holders

Threats and risks : 

Threats and risks Due to inappropriate practice and development of mass tourism: Environmental dangers, taking into account that more than 50% of the coastline is urbanized Land and landscape degradation Loss of biodiversity (loss of habitat) Freshwater concern: tourist spend almost twice as much water as residents

Slide 20: 

Human-induced Ecosystem imbalance Equilibrium State Extinction of biodiversity Enrichment of the air ,water, and land resources with persistent organic pollutants Global climate change Contamination and pollution of aquatic systems Removal of biomass for fuel Global climate change Over cultivation Mismanagement of water resources

Slide 21: 

Land and landscape degradation

Slide 22: 

Loss of biodiversity (loss of habitat)

Pollution and wastes : 

Pollution and wastes

Egyptian success stories : 

Egyptian success stories Spinner Dolphin. Coral conservation. MAP Project

Governmental and NGO’s actions : 

Governmental and NGO’s actions Law 102 of 1983. (Parks) Law 117 of 1983. (Archeology) Protected areas International Cooperation (UNDP – UNEP – IUCN - EU) (COOPERZIONE ITALIAN) Funds Grants Projects

Recommendations : 

Recommendations

Five Rules For Desert Tours : 

Five Rules For Desert Tours Driving Biodiversity General Archaeology Camp Organization

Recommendations : 

Recommendations There has to be a need for strategic plan. Environmental Impact Assess (EIA) for projects. Optimal size of visitation for a community that will maximize benefits while minimizing costs, considering the social, economic and environmental aspects. making linkages with the EU-Bedouin Support Program

Recommendations : 

Recommendations Arranging between stalk holders. Benefit sharing. Enhancing public awareness for the role of ecotourism. Establish well trained staff to involve in ecotourism aspects or capacity building.

Slide 30: 

We would like to thank the organizing committee for this important event. Thank you all for good listening. Now Eco-tourism a blessing or a curse?