3rd IRT INTERNATIONALSCIENTIFIC CONFERENCEINTEGRATED RELATIONAL TOURISM - TERRITORIES AND DEVELOPMENT INTHE MEDITERRANEAN AREAEco-tourism a blessing or a curse : 3rd IRT INTERNATIONALSCIENTIFIC CONFERENCEINTEGRATED RELATIONAL TOURISM - TERRITORIES AND DEVELOPMENT INTHE MEDITERRANEAN AREAEco-tourism a blessing or a curse By
Dr Yasser A.H. Osman Duaa R. Mohamed
Desert Research Center Beny Swif University
Egypt 24 | 25 | 26 October 2009 Out line : Out line Eco-tourism is a new term appeared in the past few years, which deals with non-traditional type of tourism. It is differs from the traditional customary. Defining Ecotourism : Defining Ecotourism The term Ecotourism emerged in the late 1980s.
Since then it becomes a debated term and defined in different ways, by different groups of people with different agenda “Ecotourism is nature-based tourism that involves education and interpretation of the natural environment and is managedto be ecologically sustainable.” (Australian National Ecotourism Strategy 1994) : “Ecotourism is nature-based tourism that involves education and interpretation of the natural environment and is managedto be ecologically sustainable.” (Australian National Ecotourism Strategy 1994) Concept of eco-tourism : Concept of eco-tourism The current situation of eco-tourism in Egypt in terms of economics
Currently the Arab Region specially Egypt is expanding its tourism industries across a number of tourism segments. These includes, Heritage and nature based tourism, business and travel conferencing, beach and sport –oriented leisure activities, and family oriented vacations Characteristics of Ecotourism : Characteristics of Ecotourism Low-impact on the natural, cultural resources
Sensitivity towards, and appreciation of local culture and biodiversity
Support for local conservation Characteristics of Ecotourism : Characteristics of Ecotourism Sustainable benefits to local communities
Local participation in decision making
Educational components for both traveler and local communities Status in Egypt : Status in Egypt The Protected Area Network (PAN) represents most of the habitats and ecosystems of Egypt; however, there are other important hotspots, which will be included in the future. Plans are in place to increase the number of Protectorates to 40 and the land area covered to 17% by the year 2017. Slide 9: There are now eco-tourism options that help to underpin the tourism industry. These include:
Nature safaris: bird watching, nature walks.
Diving on the Red Sea reefs. The most important places in Egypt for eco-tourism : The most important places in Egypt for eco-tourism Marian areas.
Rural areas. Marin areas : Marin areas Slide 12: Costal areas Agyba platue North Coast Arish Hurghada Oasis : Oasis Siwa Farafra Dakhla Kharga Baheya Fayoum Slide 14: Oasis Siwa Paris Dakhla Deserts : Deserts West desert East desert Sinai Owinat : Owinat Deserts Sinai White Dessert New valley Rural areas : Rural areas Relations and interactions between the stalk holders : Relations and interactions between the stalk holders Threats and risks : Threats and risks Due to inappropriate practice and development of mass tourism:
Environmental dangers, taking into account that more than 50% of the coastline is urbanized
Land and landscape degradation
Loss of biodiversity (loss of habitat)
Freshwater concern: tourist spend almost twice as much water as residents Slide 20: Human-induced Ecosystem imbalance Equilibrium
State Extinction of biodiversity Enrichment of the air ,water, and land resources with persistent organic pollutants Global climate change Contamination and pollution of aquatic systems Removal of biomass for fuel Global climate change Over cultivation Mismanagement of water resources Slide 21: Land and landscape degradation Slide 22: Loss of biodiversity (loss of habitat) Pollution and wastes : Pollution and wastes Egyptian success stories : Egyptian success stories Spinner Dolphin.
MAP Project Governmental and NGO’s actions : Governmental and NGO’s actions Law 102 of 1983. (Parks)
Law 117 of 1983. (Archeology)
International Cooperation (UNDP – UNEP – IUCN - EU)
(COOPERZIONE ITALIAN) Funds Grants Projects Recommendations : Recommendations Five Rules For Desert Tours : Five Rules For Desert Tours Driving Biodiversity General Archaeology Camp Organization Recommendations : Recommendations There has to be a need for strategic plan.
Environmental Impact Assess (EIA) for projects.
Optimal size of visitation for a community that will maximize benefits while minimizing costs, considering the social, economic and environmental aspects.
making linkages with the EU-Bedouin Support Program Recommendations : Recommendations Arranging between stalk holders.
Enhancing public awareness for the role of ecotourism.
Establish well trained staff to involve in ecotourism aspects or capacity building. Slide 30: We would like to thank the organizing committee for this important event.
Thank you all for good listening.
Now Eco-tourism a blessing or a curse?