Desertification in Egypt

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Damascus 2008 Desertification in Egypt (Status – NAP – Success stories) Desertification in Egypt (Status – NAP – Success stories) By Dr Yasser Adel Hanafy Osman 2008

Desertification Mile Stones : 

Desertification Mile Stones The 5-D’s and the historical geography of desertification DRYLANDS DROUGHT DESICCATION DEGRADATION DESERTIFICATION land degradation in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas resulting from various factors including climatic variations and human activities (UNEP)

Introduction : 

Introduction Dry lands cover about 40% of Earth’s land surface Home to more than 38% of the total global population of 6.5 billion (about 2.4 billion) Land degradation is present on 10 to 20% of the global dry lands Land degradation indirectly affects about 250 million people in the developing world


Sahelian Desertification : 

Sahelian Desertification Drought in the Sahel (1970-1997?) Consequences (environmental, social) 1977: United Nations Conference on Desertification (UNCOD) held in Nairobi, Kenya 1993: Convention to combat desertification-CCD 2006: International Year of the Desert and Desertification

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General facts

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Egypt occupies about one million square km2 which are arid lands (> 95%) and semi arid (<1% of narrow coastal strip of Mediterranean Sea) Desert lands with the exception of a small cultivated area around the River Nile Valley (about 4%) of the whole Egypt area. Desert represent about 95% of the total area of Egypt.

Status : 

Status Egypt is the first hyper arid country among the arab countries. (Meigs’ Aridity Classification 1957) Deserts are about 95% from its total area.

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So We are facing a severe case of Desertification

Toward the NAP : 

Toward the NAP Egypt is the forth country which signed on UNCCD since (May 1994). First Annual Report on the EGYPTIAN NATIONAL PROGRAM to Combat Desertification (May 1999). National Action Plant for Combating Desertification (Provisional April 2002). National Report for Combat Desertification (May2004). Egyptian National Action Program To Combat Desertification (June, 2005).

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National Action Plan (NAP)

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The Egyptian NAP is indorsed at the national level in September 2005, and was sent to the UNCCD secretariat in the same year. Egypt is not suffering from lack of capacity building, but as a developing country it may needs financial assistance or technical ones particularly in Early warning systems and Remote sensing. Following the Egyptian NAP, the country was divided into four agro-metrological regions as follows:

National Action Plan (NAP)Agro – Ecological zones : 

National Action Plan (NAP)Agro – Ecological zones North costal zone. Nile valley and Delta zone. Inland Sinai and Eastern Desert. Western Desert. 3 1 2 1 3 3 2 2 4 4 Egyptian Agro ecological zones

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Activities And Success Stories

Egyptian Observatory for Desertification (EOD) : 

Egyptian Observatory for Desertification (EOD) Follow up the environmental conventions specially UNCCD. Including: Information center Meeting rooms. Libraries. GIS and RS Unites.

Cooperation with other organizations in and outside the country : 

Cooperation with other organizations in and outside the country CDS GTZ ESDF UNDP NGO’s

International and national Conferences, workshops and training coerces : 

International and national Conferences, workshops and training coerces High-level workshop on mine action and new technologies for survey, detection and mapping of mine infected areas . (Cairo 2008) The first Arabic conference for actual and future environmental aspects (Cairo 2007) Final workshop and seminar for planning and sustainable management of costal zones and high environmental value areas (Bari – Italy 2007). The ninth Session of the Observatory of Sahel and Sahara (OSS)- (Cairo 2007) The role of gene banks in promoting the use of agriculture biodiversity to combat desertification (Arish 2006) Work shop on dry land farming technology for African countries (China 2006)

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National and International Conferences, workshops and training coerces

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Desert Research Center Participation in environmental aspects

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Water resources & Desert soils Ecology & Dry land agriculture Animal & Poultry production Socioeconomic studies Research stations 8 Siwa Oasis Suder Shalatien Mariout Maghara Zowied New valley Toskey

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Egyptian Deserts Gene Bank Ministry of Agriculture & Land Reclamation / DRC Completely funded by

Thank You : 

Thank You Dr Yasser A. H. Osman

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