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See all Premium member Presentation Transcript Slide 1: In the name of Allah, the most beneficent & merciful Feasibility Studies and Business Plans : Feasibility Studies and Business Plans Sir Zahoor Syed Tahir Ali Syed Goher Ali Points to be Pondered… : Points to be Pondered… What is a Feasibility Study? Why do a Feasibility Study? Whar are Goals of Feasibility Study? What is a Business Plan? How do they differ? What is a Feasibility Study? : What is a Feasibility Study? A feasibility study is an analysis of the viability of an idea through a disciplined and documented process of thinking through the idea from its logical beginning to its logical end. The discipline of planning, organizing, and managing resources to bring about the successful completion of specific project goals and objectives. A feasibility study provides an Investigating function that helps answer “Is the project feasible? Can it be done? Does it make sense? Should we proceed with the proposed project idea? A feasibility study should be conducted to determine the viability of an idea BEFORE proceeding with the development of a business. Three main areas of the Business Feasibility Study : Three main areas of the Business Feasibility Study MARKET POTENTIAL ASSESSMENT TECHNICAL AND OPERATIONAL ASSESSMENT FINANCIAL ASSESSMENT Levels of Feasibility Assessment : Levels of Feasibility Assessment A feasibility study of an idea is conducted at three levels Operational Feasibility “Will it work?” Technical Feasibility “Can it be built?” Economic Feasibility “Will it make economic sense if it works and is built?” “ Will it generate PROFITS?” Why do a Feasibility Study? : Why do a Feasibility Study? Provide a thorough examination of all issues and assessment of probability of business success Give focus to the project and outline alternatives Narrow business alternatives Surface new opportunities through the investigative process Identify reasons NOT to proceed Enhance the probability of success by addressing and mitigating factors early on that could affect the project Provide quality information for decision making Help to increase investment in the company Provide documentation that the business venture was thoroughly investigated Help in securing funding from lending institutions and other monetary sources Goals of the Feasibility Study : Goals of the Feasibility Study Add value to the decision-making process based on the results of agency planning and design efforts. Introduce the concept of time value of money by incorporating Net Present Value Internal Rate of Return Breakeven Analysis Cost/Benefit Analysis. Provide formats for clear and concise cost and benefit rationale to assist in the investment evaluation process. Data Sources for a Feasibility Assessment : Data Sources for a Feasibility Assessment Data required for a feasibility study can come from primary or secondary sources Primary data can include formal interviews and surveys Collection of primary data can be expensive and time consuming Secondary data can include industry and trade publications, statistics of industry associations, and government agency reports Feasibility Study Outline : Feasibility Study Outline Executive Summary Regional Socio-Economic Situation Legal Study Financial Plan Project Implementation Schedule Market Study and Marketing Detail Description of Activities Environmental protection Control Financial Analysis and Projections Social Economic Effects / Multiplier effects, related studies Options Analysis on different hypothesis and scenarios Steps for an Economic Feasibility Study : Steps for an Economic Feasibility Study Identify and Estimate all Capital Expenditures Identify and Estimate all Variable Costs related to the Proposed Business Venture Identify People and Skills required to operate Determine Wages, Salaries, and Benefits Identify and Estimate Project Related Costs Infrastructure development or improvements Advertising and Promotion Legal Fees Municipal & State Development taxes Identify and Estimate all Fixed Costs Estimating Total Capital Requirements : Estimating Total Capital Requirements Assess the “seed capital” needs of the business project and how these needs will be met Estimate capital requirements for facilities, equipment and inventories Replacement capital requirements and timing for facilities and equipment Estimate working capital needs Estimate start-up capital needs until revenues are realized at full capacity Estimate contingency capital needs (constructions delays, technology malfunction, market access delays, etc.) Estimate other capital needs Equity and Credit : Equity and Credit Estimate Equity and Credit Needs Identify alternative equity sources and capital availability Producers, Local Investors, Angel Investors, Venture Capitalists Identify and assess alternative credit sources Banks, Government (direct loans or loan guarantees), Grants, Local and State Economic Development Incentives Assess expected financing needs and alternative sources Interest Rates, Terms, Conditions, Covenants, Liens, Etc. Debt to Equity Levels Cost-Benefit Analysis : Utilize data collected to determine economic feasibility: Estimate Expected Costs and Revenue Estimate the Profit Margin and Expected Net Profit Estimate the sales or usage needed to break-even Estimate the returns under various production, price and sales levels to create a “sensitivity analysis” Assess the reliability of the underlying assumptions of the financial analysis Benchmark against industry averages and/or competitors Identify limitations or constraints of the economic analysis Project expected cash flow during the start-up period Project income statement, balance sheet when reaching full operation Cost-Benefit Analysis What Defines Feasibility? : A feasible business venture is one where the business will generate adequate cash flow and profits, the business will withstand the risks it will encounter, the business will remain viable in the long-term, and the business will meet the goals of the founders. What Defines Feasibility? What Next? : What Next? After the feasibility study has been completed and presented to the leaders of the project, they should carefully study and analyze the conclusions and underlying assumptions Next they will decide which course of action to pursue Potential Courses of action include Choosing the most viable business model, developing a business plan and proceeding with creating and operating a business Identifying additional scenarios for further study Deciding that a viable business opportunity is not available and moving to end the business assessment process Following another course of action Developing a Business Plan : Developing a Business Plan What is a Business Plan? : What is a Business Plan? A Business Plan summarizes the plan of action after a course of action has been determined through the Feasibility Study A Business Plan provides a Planning function A Business Plan outlines the actions needed to take the proposal from “idea” to “reality” A Business Plan tells How your business will be created and Why it will be successful A Business Plan provides a road map for strategic planning Why Write a Business Plan? : Why Write a Business Plan? Put the Pieces Together—Do the pieces fit together in a logical manner? Create a Blueprint for Action Focus Founders and/or Management Team Obtain Financing Attract Equity Investment Attract Key Managers and Employees Obtain Contracts Create Joint Ventures, Mergers, Acquisitions What is included in a Business Plan? : What is included in a Business Plan? A Business Plan should be brief, concise & straight to the point Main Requirements May Include Industry Description Market Size Customer Base Competitive Advantage Business Location Three years of Financial Projections Monthly Tracking of First Year Financials Management Experience and Profile Personal Statement of Affairs Other Sources of Cash, if any How Effective Is the Business Plan? : How Effective Is the Business Plan? How effective a Business Plan is depends on how well the following questions are answered: Who are we? What do we do? What do we have to offer? Why will someone pay for our products/service? What resources do we have? Where are we going? What do we need to get there? Why will we be successful? Why should someone participate or invest? How will we measure performance? The Story a Business Plan Tells… : The Story a Business Plan Tells… Business Plan should be tailored to the stakeholders Be aware of each potential stakeholder’s priorities Make sure all priorities are addressed in a balanced manner in the business plan If more than one version of a business plan is written, make sure each tells the SAME story only with difference emphasis Who is the “Target” of a Business Plan? : Who is the “Target” of a Business Plan? *Portable MBA for Entrepreneurship, William B. Bygrave, John Wiley & Son, Inc., 1994 Feasibility Study vs. Business Plan : Feasibility Study vs. Business Plan Feasibility study answers the bottom line question—Is this venture going to make money? Feasibility study outlines and analyzes several alternatives or methods of achieving business success Feasibility study is conducted before a business plan Business plan is prepared only after the venture has been deemed to be feasible Business plan deals with only one alternative or scenario that is determined to be the “best” alternative Business plan considers the management side—goals and objectives of the planned business venture What resources are available to help develop each? : What resources are available to help develop each? Hired Business Consultants Make sure an accurate assessment is given Make sure someone is not paid to give the answer the group wants to hear Can be costly Third Party Unbiased Universities Center for Agribusiness & Economic Development Small Business Development Center Thank you : Thank you Thanks for the cooperation, for listening US for so long. Questions & Answers : Questions & Answers We shall appreciate your logical and related questions Ask questions one by one. You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.