logging in or signing up Kidney Stones Presentation Gershman Download Post to : URL : Related Presentations : Let's Connect Share Add to Flag Embed Email Send to Blogs and Networks Add to Channel Copy embed code: Embed: Flash iPad Dynamic Copy Does not support media & animations Automatically changes to Flash or non-Flash embed WordPress Embed Customize Embed URL: Copy Thumbnail: Copy The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: 1304 Category: Entertainment License: All Rights Reserved Like it (0) Dislike it (0) Added: May 16, 2011 This Presentation is Public Favorites: 1 Presentation Description No description available. Comments Posting comment... Premium member Presentation Transcript Kidney Stones: Kidney StonesKidney Stones: Kidney Stones Affect 1 in 10 people in the United States More common in industrialized countries than developing countries 4x more common in males than in females A history of kidney stones increases the likelihood of recurrence Likelihood increases with ageWhat is a Kidney Stone?: What is a Kidney Stone? Hard, crystallized mineral material formed within the kidney or urinary tract Nephrolithiasis - condition of having kidney stones ( renal calculi )Formation of Kidney Stones: Formation of Kidney Stones High levels of waste products Low levels of fluids/chemicals that break down waste products Formation of stone-like masses in the kidneysSlide 5: Medical Conditions Gout Hypercalciuria Hyperthyroidism Hypertension Diabetes Dietary Factors Inadequate fluid intake Excessive intake of: Sugar Sodium Vitamin D Animal protein Oxalate containing foods Medications Diuretics Calcium containing antacidsSlide 6: Signs/Symptoms Severe pain in the lower back, side, abdomen, or groin Nausea/vomiting Hematuria Oliguria Dysuria Pyuria HydronephrosisImaging Techniques: Imaging Techniques X-Ray Ultrasound Computed Tomography (CT)X-Ray: X-RayUltrasound: UltrasoundComputed Tomography (CT): Computed Tomography (CT)Treatment: Treatment Managing pain and discomfort associated with passing a stone Medical/surgical interventionPassing a Stone: Passing a Stone Most stones will pass within 48-72 hours Drink lots of fluids to facilitate passage NSAIDs - aspirin, ibuprofen Opioids - codeine, hydrocodoneSurgical Intervention: Surgical Intervention Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy Extracorporeal Shock Wave LithotripsyPercutaneous Nephrolithotomy : Percutaneous NephrolithotomyExtracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy: Extracorporeal Shock Wave LithotripsyThe End: The End You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.