logging in or signing up The French Revolution Jibin Joseph IX - A GeoMax Download Post to : URL : Related Presentations : Share Add to Flag Embed Email Send to Blogs and Networks Add to Channel Uploaded from authorPOINT lite Insert YouTube videos in PowerPont slides with aS Desktop Copy embed code: Embed: Flash iPad Dynamic Copy Does not support media & animations Automatically changes to Flash or non-Flash embed WordPress Embed Customize Embed URL: Copy Thumbnail: Copy The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: 564 Category: Education License: All Rights Reserved Like it (0) Dislike it (0) Added: May 21, 2012 This Presentation is Public Favorites: 0 Presentation Description French Revolution CBSE NCERT Class IX History. Comments Posting comment... Premium member Presentation Transcript The French Revolution: The French Revolution By : Jibin Joseph IX – A 17I. Revolutionary Ideas: I. Revolutionary Ideas -Ideological Foundation for Political Liberalism-A. Liberty: A. Liberty The notion of individual human rights A new type of government in which the people are sovereign The importance of a representative assembly The importance of a written constitution The notion of self-determination Freedom to accumulate propertyB. Equality: B. Equality Equality of rights and civil liberties Equality before the law No special privileges for the rich Equality of opportunity “Careers Open to Talent” Inherent tension between liberty and equalityII. Roots of Liberalism: II. Roots of Liberalism Judeo-Christian and Greek roots Enlightenment Foundation Locke’s Notion of the Rights of EnglishmenIII. “A Dual Revolution”: III. “A Dual Revolution” The French Revolution was the inaugural European revolution The French Revolution and the Industrial Revolution together transformed the western world This “Dual Revolution” changed everything politically, socially and economically Triumph of European states and economies globally The Modern Era was inaugurated by the Dual RevolutionIV. “The Atlantic Revolution”: IV. “The Atlantic Revolution” French Revolution was a part of a whole series of revolutions which took place during the late 18 th century --Political agitation in England, Ireland, Holland, Belgium, Switzerland, Italy, Germany, Hungary, Poland and the American colonies One big movement of revolutionary agitationA. British North America: A. British North America “All Men are Created Equal” The significance of the American constitution The influence of the American Revolution The impact of the American RevolutionB. Central and South America: B. Central and South America Independence from Spanish rule Simon Bolivar, the father of Latin American independence Continued dominance of the white minority The abolition of the slave trade is set in motion --United States abolished this trade in 1808C. The French Revolution: C. The French Revolution More fundamental and profound consequences than the American Revolution France = most powerful and populous state in Europe Massive social revolution Worldwide impact Becomes model for future revolutionsHow Should We Look at the French Revolution?: How Should We Look at the French Revolution? “Series of revolutions which became more radical as leadership cascaded down through French society.”V. The Events of the French Revolution: V. The Events of the French Revolution Watch for the different revolutions within the Revolution!A. Origins: A. Origins Began as a revolt of the aristocracy Attempt to capitalize on the financial woes of the monarchy Only solution = tax reform and a direct tax on all property Aristocracy refused and forces the issueB. The Estates-General: B. The Estates-General An old feudal assembly that had not met since 1614 Three Estates: Clergy, Nobility, All Others The significance of the voting procedure The miscalculation and lack of social awareness of the aristocracyC. The Third Estate: C. The Third Estate Who were they? Third Estate was dominated by the middle class Blending of aristocratic and bourgeois classes by 1789 Middle class = Big Winners Revolutionary goals of the middle classD. An Agenda of Classical Liberalism: D. An Agenda of Classical Liberalism Representative government did not mean democracy or “mob rule” Estates-General became the National Assembly in June of 1789 with the power to frame a constitution --Tennis Court OathE. “Revolutionaries in the Streets”: E. “Revolutionaries in the Streets” Who were they? “Sans-culottes” (without knee britches) Picked up the ideas and slogans of the Revolution from the more educated leadership of lawyers and journalistsWhat were the Motivations of these Revolutionaries?: What were the Motivations of these Revolutionaries? Poverty and Hunger Low wages and fear of unemployment Heightened expectations and the exposure to a political perspective -- “Cahiers” Strong dislike for and distrust of the wealthy The role of conspiracyF. A Case Study: Storming the Bastille: F. A Case Study: Storming the Bastille Events of the night of July 13, 1789 Reasons for the attack on the Bastille the next morning The stubbornness of the governor of the fortress Celebrations on the night of July 14 th Sparks tremendous popular revolution all over FranceG. “The Great Fear”: G. “The Great Fear” Independent revolutionary agitation in the countryside Rumors of Royalist troops becoming wandering vandals Fear breeds fear and peasants start marching Within 3 weeks of July 14, the countryside of France had been completely changed Abolition of the NobilityDeclaration of the Rights of Man—August 27, 1789: Declaration of the Rights of Man—August 27, 1789H. The Court Returns to Paris: H. The Court Returns to Paris Mounting unemployment and hunger in Paris in the fall of 1789 “October Days” -- “The point is that we want bread!” Women nearly killed the Queen The Royal Family returns to Paris on October 6, 1789I. The Consolidation of the Liberal Revolution: I. The Consolidation of the Liberal Revolution Events from October, 1789 through September, 1791 Abolition of the French nobility as a legal order Constitutional Monarchy established Economic centralization Nationalization of the Church --Stage set for subsequent civil warJ. Popular Political Mobilization: J. Popular Political Mobilization Revolutionary Talk --More than 500 new newspapers --Oath of Loyalty -- “Liberte, Equalite, Fraternite!” Revolutionary Symbols Revolutionary Clubs --The Jacobins Revolutionary LeadersK. Growing Radicalism: K. Growing Radicalism Reasons: --Snowball Effect --Unsatisfied Expectations --Outbreak of War Results: --Increasing Violence --Change in Political LeadershipL. Robespierre’s Reign of Terror: L. Robespierre’s Reign of Terror The Committee of Public Safety The Concept of “Total War” Maximum price ceilings on certain goods Nationalization of Small WorkshopsL. The Reign of Terror (cont): L. The Reign of Terror (cont) Execution of 40,000 “Enemies of the Nation” Stress on radical definition of equality Wanted a legal maximum on personal wealth Wanted a regulation of commercial profits End of Robespierre’s dictatorship on July 28, 1794M. The Directory and Napoleon Bonaparte: M. The Directory and Napoleon Bonaparte The Directory (1794-1799) Napoleon’s Rise to Power The Napoleonic Code Establishment of the Bank of France Reconciliation with the Catholic Church --Concordat of 1801 Heavy Censorship Napoleon’s “Art of War”VI. Legacies of the French Revolution: VI. Legacies of the French Revolution A revolutionary model A Mass political consciousness Varying interpretations of the Revolution --Conservative View: Edmund Burke --Liberal View: Thomas Jefferson Conflict within the Liberal Tradition “Libertarianism” vs. “Egalitarianism”Thank You: Thank You By: Jibin Joseph IX – A 17 Mount St. Mary’s You do not have the permission to view this presentation. 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