Personality and Mission Effectiveness Slides

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Personality and Mission Effectiveness: 

Personality and Mission Effectiveness Mr. Johnny J. Weissmuller Chief, Military Testing Research HQ Air Force Personnel Center Symposium – Role of Personality in the Military Organization- 14:00 4 Oct 2006 – Limestone 'C' 48th International Military Testing Association (IMTA) Conference, Kingston, Ontario, Canada

Outline of The Paper: 

Outline of The Paper Introduction Part 1: Forty-Nine Years of Air Force Personality Research Part 2: Recognized Need for Personality Measures Part 3: The Coming Revolution in Psychometrics

The Highlights – 1 of 2: 

The Highlights – 1 of 2 The USAF has just completed a 5-Year Research Plan to Support the AF Strategic Personnel Plan As of 4:00 PM EDT on 30 Sept 2006, nearly $2 Million of Fall-out money has been committed to Job Performance Measurement, Force Management Studies, AFSC Structuring, Corporate Memory Documentation, and Revitalization of the Air Force Human Resources Research Databank

The Highlights – 2 of 2: 

The Highlights – 2 of 2 The USAF is just beginning the Strategic, Return-on-Investment Analysis for Personality Measures We have developed a Comprehensive Occupational Data Acquisition and Analysis Plan (CODA2P)

Part 1: Forty-Nine Years of Air Force Personality Research: 

Part 1: Forty-Nine Years of Air Force Personality Research 1957-2006 Tupes, E.C. andamp; Christal, R.E. Stability of personality trait rating factors obtained under diverse conditions. Lackland Air Force Base, Texas: Personnel Laboratory, Wright Air Development Center, May 1958, Technical Note WADC-TN-58-61, ASTIA Document No. AD-151 041. The Air Force Approach – Review the Professional Literature and forge an operational system to effectively measure and deploy 'best thinking.'

Part 1: Forty-Nine Years of Air Force Personality Research: 

Part 1: Forty-Nine Years of Air Force Personality Research Critical Incidents Technique to Identify Attributes Associated with Aircrew Combat Performance, Final Report F33615-91-D-0010-DO5, 15 Dec 1993 1993-1995 Dr. Raymond E. Christal begins development of a Self-Description Inventory (SDI) to Capture the 'Big Five' for Operational Air Force use

Part 1: Forty-Nine Years of Air Force Personality Research: 

Part 1: Forty-Nine Years of Air Force Personality Research 1995-2004 After Dr. Christal passed away, the SDI development continued through various research iterations The final Air Force form is known as the SDI+ or 'OCEAN ST' Since August 2005, part of the Air Force Officer Qualifying Test (AFOQT) – 10,000 operationally completed forms on file

“OCEAN ST” – The Self-Description Inventory – Plus 2: 

'OCEAN ST' – The Self-Description Inventory – Plus 2 'O' – Openness to cultural differences 'C' – Conscientiousness 'E' – Extroversion 'A' – Agreeableness 'N' – Neuroticism (1-Emotional Stability)

“OCEAN ST” – The Self-Description Inventory – Plus 2: 

'OCEAN ST' – The Self-Description Inventory – Plus 2 'OCEAN' – Plus – 'S' – Service Orientation (Service over Self) 'T' – Team Orientation (Role Flexibility)

Part 2: Currently Recognized “Need” for Non-Cognitive Measures: 

Part 2: Currently Recognized 'Need' for Non-Cognitive Measures 'Editorial' Article by Terry D. Stevens in the Air Force Times, 25 Sept 2006, Page 54 Title: 'Personality test could save billions of recruiting dollars.' Quote: 'According to Defense Department figures, only 70 percent of high school graduates make it through their first enlistment. '

Part 2: Currently Recognized “Need” for Non-Cognitive Measures: 

Part 2: Currently Recognized 'Need' for Non-Cognitive Measures 'Editorial' Article by Terry D. Stevens in the Air Force Times, 25 Sept 2006, Page 54 Quote: 'There is an inexpensive process available for enhancing the quality and reducing first-term separations of enlistees, but the Defense Department does use it. ' Quote: 'The Defense Department should require prospective recruits to complete a behavioral / objective assessment before final enlistment, in addition to the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery. '

Part 2: Currently Recognized “Need” for Non-Cognitive Measures: 

Part 2: Currently Recognized 'Need' for Non-Cognitive Measures The Air Force Times article was citing DoD-sponsored work on Recruiters already completed by HumRRO DoD is just completing a review of the effectiveness of the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery and the potential benefit from 'Non-Cognitive' Measures has been documented.

Part 3: The Coming Revolution in Psychometrics – 1 of 2: 

Part 3: The Coming Revolution in Psychometrics – 1 of 2 Background on the Air Force Promotion System Performance Testing Classification Testing Using Decision Theory Testing in a Multi-Dimensional World

Part 3: The Coming Revolution in Psychometrics – 2 of 2: 

Part 3: The Coming Revolution in Psychometrics – 2 of 2 Where will the Decision Logic Approach Offer an Advantage? Promotion Tests under WAPS Personality Assessment Items Operationalizing Personality-Based Person-Job-Match

Comprehensive Occupational Data Acquisition and Analysis Plan (CODA2P): 

Comprehensive Occupational Data Acquisition and Analysis Plan (CODA2P) Now Operational in the Air Force Officer Qualifying Test (AFOQT) Since August 2005, nearly 10,000 AFOQT (Form 'S') have been collected Represents the Officer Commissioning Pipeline For Officers

Comprehensive Occupational Data Acquisition and Analysis Plan (CODA2P): 

Comprehensive Occupational Data Acquisition and Analysis Plan (CODA2P) Experimentally include SDI+ in Standard USAF Job Inventories (surveyed every Three (3) Years) Ensure that Job Satisfaction and Reenlistment Intent Items are used to establish Criterion 'Levels' For Enlisted Personnel 1

Comprehensive Occupational Data Acquisition and Analysis Plan (CODA2P): 

Comprehensive Occupational Data Acquisition and Analysis Plan (CODA2P) After Routine Job Clustering based on Task Performance… Identify 'SDI+ Constellations' at the Job Type by Criterion Level Use Hierarchical Clustering of Constellations to Determine Effectiveness of 'Big Five' in Explaining Job Satisfaction and / or Reenlistment Intent For Enlisted Personnel 2

Slide18: 

Headquarters Air Force Personnel Center

Johnny’s OCEAN Profile: 

Johnny’s OCEAN Profile There are free on-line resources to obtain your own 'Big Five' Description Collaborative Efforts to Identify 'Normative' samples for counseling purposes Below is the link to one such site at Penn State: http://www.personal.psu.edu/%7Ej5j/IPIP/ipipneo300.htm The full IPIP contains 1,699 items assembled by Dr. Lewis R. Goldberg. The URL for Dr. Goldberg's IPIP is http://ipip.ori.org/ . The IPIP is in the public domain and its items can be freely downloaded from that site. The IPIP-NEO is not equivalent to the commercial inventory on which it is based, the NEO PI-R™, authored by Paul T. Costa, Jr. and Robert R. McCrae. The genuine NEO PI-R™ (240 items) is considered by many psychologists to be the best inventory for measuring traits within the Five Factor Model (FFM) of personality. The NEO PI-R™ is copyrighted by Psychological Assessment Resources (PAR) in Florida, and can only be ordered by professionals and used by permission. You can contact PAR at: 1-800-331-TEST, or http://www.parinc.com.

Johnny’s OCEAN Profile: 

Johnny’s OCEAN Profile http://ipip.ori.org/ International Personality Item Pool: A Scientific Collaboratory* for the Development of Advanced Measures of Personality and Other Individual Differences ~ Mission Statement ~ This IPIP Website is intended to provide rapid access to measures of individual differences, all in the public domain, to be developed conjointly among scientists worldwide. Later, the site may include raw data available for reanalysis; in addition, it should serve as a forum for the dissemination of psychometric ideas and research findings. (Finholt, T. A., andamp; Olson, G. M. From laboratories to collaboratories: A new organizational form for scientific collaboration. Psychological Science, January 1997; vol. 8, no. 1; pp. 28-36.) Contact the webmaster with comments about this website.

Johnny’s OCEAN Profile - O: 

Johnny’s OCEAN Profile - O Openness to Experience Domain/Facet........... Score 0--------10--------20--------30--------40--------50--------60--------70--------80--------90-------- OPENNESS TO EXPERIENCE.....48 ..Imagination.............. 94 ********************************************************************************************** ..Artistic Interests....... 3 *** ..Emotionality............. 22 ********************** ..Adventurousness........66 ****************************************************************** ..Intellect................ 91 ******************************************************************************************* ..Liberalism............... 21 ********************* Your score on Openness to Experience is average, indicating you enjoy tradition but are willing to try new things. Your thinking is neither simple nor complex. To others you appear to be a well-educated person but not an intellectual.

Johnny’s OCEAN Profile - C: 

Johnny’s OCEAN Profile - C Conscientiousness Domain/Facet........... Score 0--------10--------20--------30--------40--------50--------60--------70--------80--------90-------- CONSCIENTIOUSNESS.90 ****************************************************************************************** ..Self-Efficacy........... 93 ********************************************************************************************* ..Orderliness............. 72 ************************************************************************ ..Dutifulness............ 69 ********************************************************************* ..Achievement-Str..... 96 ************************************************************************************************ ..Self-Discipline......... 73 ************************************************************************* ..Cautiousness.......... 83 *********************************************************************************** Your score on Conscientiousness is high. This means you set clear goals and pursue them with determination. People regard you as reliable and hard-working.

Johnny’s OCEAN Profile - E: 

Johnny’s OCEAN Profile - E Extraversion Domain/Facet........... Score 0--------10--------20--------30--------40--------50--------60--------70--------80--------90-------- EXTRAVERSION.............55 ******************************************************* ..Friendliness...... .... ...49 ************************************************* ..Gregariousness.... .......27 *************************** ..Assertiveness...... . .....86 ************************************************************************************** ..Activity Level... ........99 ************************************************************************************************* ..Excitement-Seeking.......1 * ..Cheerfulness.... 81 ********************************************************************************* Your score on Extraversion is average, indicating you are neither a subdued loner nor a jovial chatterbox. You enjoy time with others but also time alone.

Johnny’s OCEAN Profile - A: 

Johnny’s OCEAN Profile - A Agreeableness Disagreeable people can make excellent scientists, critics, or soldiers. Domain/Facet........... Score 0--------10--------20--------30--------40--------50--------60--------70--------80--------90------- AGREEABLENESS.......69 ********************************************************************* ..Trust.................... 74 ************************************************************************** ..Morality................. 48 ************************************************ ..Altruism................. 46 ********************************************** ..Cooperation.............. 84 ************************************************************************************ ..Modesty.................. 47 *********************************************** ..Sympathy................. 69 ********************************************************************* Your high level of Agreeableness indicates a strong interest in others' needs and well-being. You are pleasant, sympathetic, and cooperative.

Johnny’s OCEAN Profile - N: 

Johnny’s OCEAN Profile - N Neuroticism Domain/Facet........... Score 0--------10--------20--------30--------40--------50--------60--------70--------80--------90-------- NEUROTICISM................10 ********** ..Anxiety.................. 34 ********************************** ..Anger.................... 5 ***** ..Depression............... 23 *********************** ..Self-Consciousness....24 ************************ ..Immoderation............. 7 ******* ..Vulnerability............ 16 **************** Your score on Neuroticism is low, indicating that you are exceptionally calm, composed and unflappable. You do not react with intense emotions, even to situations that most people would describe as stressful.

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