logging in or signing up 21p modern middle east65 Gavril Download Post to : URL : Related Presentations : Share Add to Flag Embed Email Send to Blogs and Networks Add to Channel Uploaded from authorPOINTLite Insert YouTube videos in PowerPont slides with aS Desktop Copy embed code: Embed: Flash iPad Dynamic Copy Does not support media & animations Automatically changes to Flash or non-Flash embed WordPress Embed Customize Embed URL: Copy Thumbnail: Copy The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: 105 Category: Entertainment License: All Rights Reserved Like it (0) Dislike it (0) Added: December 31, 2007 This Presentation is Public Favorites: 0 Presentation Description No description available. Comments Posting comment... Premium member Presentation Transcript Slide1: Two Africas Decolonialization By 1980 All but 5 Independent… Lots of Growing Pains! Relationships with the WestSlide2: North Africa Algeria Revolted (Fr.) in 1954 Independence in ’62 Kept Eco. Ties to FranceSlide3: N. African/ME independenceLibya: Libya Muammar Qaddafi Sponsored International Terrorism Showdown in the Gulf of SidraSlide5: Trends? Decolonialization Pan-Africanism Growing Pains… Pol Eco Soc Often Violent…Kwame Nkrumah (Ghana)(Ind. In 1957): Kwame Nkrumah (Ghana) (Ind. In 1957)Slide7: Kenya’s Mau Mau Movement Terrorism to Oust ForeignersSlide8: Became President in 1964 Daniel Moi The Congo – to Zaire: Mobutu Sese Seko Laurent Kabila The Congo – to ZaireAfrican Dictators…: African Dictators… Idi Amin (Uganda) Sekou Toure (Guinea)Slide11: Hutus vs. Tutsis In Rwanda (Ethnic Cleansing)Slide12: South Africa Rhodesia Became Zimbabwe Union of S. Africa African National Party (ANC) Fought ApartheidSlide13: Led by Nelson Mandela In the 80s, Br. Did Initiate Reform In the 90s, Mandela Became President of the Rep. of S.A.Current Issues: Current Issues Political Instability (Still) Gap Between Rich and Poor Overpopulation Malnutrition Women’s Issues AIDS Is Widespread Illiteracy – Near 70%!Slide15: M I D D L E E A S T Generalizations…: Generalizations… The New “Powder Keg” Continuations? (Like Pan-Arabism) Departures? Some Case Studies…Slide17: Distribution of Religion In the RegionSlide18: Lebanon Created Out of Syria to Create a Home for Christians Both Granted Independence Both Became Volatile Indirect Br. Rule ‘til the 50s King Faisal Ousted (Iraq) in ’58 Jordan Kicked Out Pro-Br. Gov’tSlide19: Coup in ’52 King Faruq Out… In, Gamal Abdel Nasser In 1956, a CrisisSlide20: He Nationalized the Canal Israel, GB, Fr. Invaded Suez Crisis (1956) Solution? U.S. and USSR Called for an Immediate Withdrawal UN Sent “Peacekeepers” Crisis Ended…Kinda!Slide21: More Recently… Close Ties with U.S. President Hosni Mubarak…Iran: Shah Muhammad Reza Pahlavi Iran Mohammad MossadeghSlide23: Launched the “White Revolution” Aided by U.S. By the 70s, Problems (Shi’ite) Muslim Fundamentalism Led by… Ayatollah Khomeini: Ayatollah KhomeiniThe IranianHostage Crisis: The Iranian Hostage Crisis Jan, 1979 – the Shah Left Iran Demanded Him Returned In the Fall, Allowed into U.S. Nov – Took Americans Hostage U.S. Response? Impact?Slide26: It Would Last 444 Days!Slide27: Iran-Iraq War (1980 – 1988) Shi’ite (Iran) vs. Sunni (Iraq) Muslims!Slide28: Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Hoseini Khamenei Slide29: Overshadowed All Other Issues Nature of the Problem? Recall the Br. Plan?Background: Background Recall the Zionist Movement Impact of the Holocaust 1947 – UN Recommended the Partitioning of Palestine Muslims Objected May, 1948 – Israel Created (Itself) Trouble Began Immediately… Still, Israel Build a Strong Nation…Slide32: David Bengurion Golda Meir Slide33: What Happened? 1948? 1956? 1967? 1973?Slide34: Six Day War (’67) Yom Kippur War (’73)Slide36: During the October War, OPEC (1960) Found a Weapon…Slide37: A Sign of the Times…ThenSlide38: …and More RecentlyCamp David Accords: Menacham Begin Anwar Sadat Camp David AccordsSlide41: Since the 80s Bad News… Intifada (Uprising)Slide42: Yasir Arafat P.L.O. (1964)Slide43: President Moshe Katzav Prime Minister Ariel Sharon Slide44: Can There Be Peace?Saddam Hussein: Saddam HusseinBackground…: Background… Iraq Invaded Kuwait in Hopes of Raising Oil Prices Response: Operation Desert Shield It Became…Slide49: The Persian Gulf War 26 Nations War Lasted 1.5 Months Almost as Many Bombs Dropped as in WWII Coalition Achieved Its Objective…Slide50: Osama Bin Laden Sep 11, 2001 Part of the “Axis of Evil” Pakistan: Pakistan A Muslim Nation Dominated by Military Pakistan Did Fragment… 1971 – Bangladesh Broke Away Its Nation-Building… Nation-Building : Nation-Building Benazir Bhutto Gen. Pervez MusharrafSlide56: So Many Problems… Environmental Political Economic Technological Slide64: Except for the Final Test!!! You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.