logging in or signing up Multiple Dimensions of Poverty in Pastoral Areas E Garrick Download Post to : URL : Related Presentations : Share Add to Flag Embed Email Send to Blogs and Networks Add to Channel Uploaded from authorPOINTLite Insert YouTube videos in PowerPont slides with aS Desktop Copy embed code: Embed: Flash iPad Dynamic Copy Does not support media & animations Automatically changes to Flash or non-Flash embed WordPress Embed Customize Embed URL: Copy Thumbnail: Copy The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: 264 Category: Entertainment License: All Rights Reserved Like it (0) Dislike it (0) Added: December 01, 2007 This Presentation is Public Favorites: 0 Presentation Description No description available. Comments Posting comment... Premium member Presentation Transcript The Multiple Dimensions of Poverty in Pastoral Areas of East Africa: The Multiple Dimensions of Poverty in Pastoral Areas of East Africa Peter Little, John McPeak, Chris Barrett, Patti Kristjanson Overview Presentation for ‘Pastoralism and Poverty Reduction in East Africa: A Policy Research Conference’, June 27-28th, Safari Park Hotel, NairobiSlide2: The Setting Recent drought Calls to transform mobile pastoralism Poor understanding of complex relationships and causes of poverty in pastoral areasSlide3: Objectives of Overview Summarize different understandings and analyses of pastoral poverty that are generaly comparative across different settings Highlight major issues associated with poverty in pastoral areas, especially new issues Discuss what can be done about the problemSlide4: What is meant by pastoral poverty? Poverty among pastoralists, or poverty among those who live in pastoral areas Economic activity in pastoral areas much more than just livestock Development programs aimed at transforming, rather than strengthening or complementing pastoralism have largely failedSlide5: Figure 1: Income sources for the northern Kenya PARIMA sample Slide6: Income sources in shares, by quintile, 2000-2002 (N. Kenya) Slide7: How are we defining poverty? Income versus Assets Chronic versus transitory poverty Example: Confuse transitory food insecurity with chronic poverty—development failures. Different types of poverty each call for different policies to address them – i.e. ‘safety net’ versus other interventions Existence of ‘poverty traps’ below certain asset (livestock) holdings?’Slide8: Income-Herd Size Relationship in northern Kenya PARIMA sample (Barrett and McPeak 2005) Slide9: Local Definitions Community-level perceptions (center on livestock and similar to asset definition) Poverty as poor access to social services Often based in towns where herds are not Old and new forms of poverty Spatial aspects Settlement/peri-urban growth Uneven population distribution Social aspectsSlide10: Pressures on pastoralism Loss of land Complex land use/herder cultivators Stagnant livestock prices Capture < 50 percent of terminal mkt prices Conflict Political marginalization Declining per capita livestock holdingsSlide11: What can be done? Avoid creating another stereotype: e.g., pastoralism=poverty! Recognize land rights and need to maintain mobility Production improvements Improved marketing Restocking Slide12: What can be done? New income generating activities—e.g., some can emerge from strengthened pastoral livestock production Improved access to, and quality of, health and education services Safety nets in short-term emergencies Political empowermentSlide13: Asante sana You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.