45th Engineers Day , 15 sep. 2012

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45th Engineers Day: 

45th Engineers Day WELCOME 45th Engineers Day September 15, 2012

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45th Engineers Day Key Note Speech delivered at - “Suresh Deshmukh College of Engineering, Selukate Tah . & Dist.Wardha – 442 001” Prof. Gajanan Dhawale , Dean(Planning & Development) Bapurao Deshmukh College of Engineering, Sewagram Tah . & Dist. Wardha 442 102 (M.S.) gddhawale@gmail.com

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45th Engineers Day National Theme for 2012… “APPROPRIATE CLIMATE- RESPONSIVE TECHNOLOGIES FOR INCLUSVE GROWTH AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT”

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45th Engineers Day Appropriate Climate…. “Climate suitable for Growth & Development of life on any planet”

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45th Engineers Day Climate Change … “It is a significant and lasting change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns over periods ranging from decades to millions of years.” It may be due to- Oceanic Circulation , Solar radiation ,Plate tectonics , Volcanic eruptions & Human induced alterations

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45th Engineers Day Global Warming… “It is the rise in the average temperature of Earth's atmosphere and oceans since the late 19th century and its projected continuation.” “It is primarily caused by increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases produced by human activities.”

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45th Engineers Day Greenhouse Gas (GHG)… A greenhouse gas is an atmospheric gas that absorbs and retains energy from infrared radiation.

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45th Engineers Day Methane contributes 4-9 % %

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45th Engineers Day International Forum for Climate Change… First World Climate Conference- Held on 12-23 February 1979 in Geneva Attended mostly by Scientist all over world Organized four working Groups - Planery Study, I dentification of climate topics, Integrated impact studies, and research on climate variability and change. Conference led to the establishment of -World Climate Programme, World Climate Research Programme, Creation of Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) & UNEP

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45th Engineers Day International Forum for Climate Change… Second World Climate Conference- Held on 29 October to 7 November 1990, again in Geneva. To review the WCP set up by the first conference Scientists and technology experts issued a strong statement highlighting the risk of climate change The conference issued a Ministerial Declaration only after hard bargaining It led to the establishment of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate change (UNFCC), of which the Kyoto Protocol is a part.

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45th Engineers Day International Forum for Climate Change… Third World Climate Conference- Held in Geneva, Switzerland, 31 August - 4 September 2009. Its focus was on climate predictions and information for decision-making at the seasonal to multi-decadal timescales. Attended by Key users of climate predictions & climate service providers and high-level policy-makers.

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45th Engineers Day Effects of Climate Change in India… As per Government of India’s National Communications (NATCOM)- Decreased snow cover, affecting snow-fed and glacial systems Erratic monsoon with serious effects on rain-fed agriculture, peninsular rivers, water and power supply Drop in wheat production by 4-5 million tones, with even a 1ºC rise in temperature Rising sea levels Increased frequency and intensity of floods.

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45th Engineers Day Climate Change has direct Effect on : Inclusive Growth & Sustainable Development Inclusive Growth … “It is Strategy by which benefits produced by the achieved Growth can reach largest section of the Society” Key Elements of Inclusive Growth… Generation of employment and livelihood opportunities, Poverty reduction, Removal of regional and social disparities, Agricultural and industrial growth Environmental sustainability

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45th Engineers Day Inclusive Growth in India means … “Implementation of Govt. Schemes for obtaining desired rate of Economic & Human development” Challenges in India… To foster economic growth, Wealth distribution, Development of the underprivileged and the deprived section of the society by way of providing education for all, Increasing agricultural production, Adopting suitable post-harvest technologies and Industrial development.

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45th Engineers Day Growth of Agriculture & Industry means.. “Higher GDP of the Country” High GDP means… “Rise in Income of the people” Rise in Income means… “Higher Living Standard of people” Higher Living Standard means… “Dependency on Energy based Machinery” Finally, it Rise in leads to “CO2 emission”

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45th Engineers Day Sustainable Development… As per WCED – “It balances Human Needs & Natural Environment for a long term period” Conflict always exists between – ‘Inclusive Growth & Sustainable Development’ For balancing this Conflict… ‘Responsive Technologies can play better Role’ Reason behind National Theme chosen ‘Need to sensitize people to adopt labour –intensive, region-specific, eco-friendly technologies & renewable energy sources’

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45th Engineers Day Sector Basic fuel used Contribution in GHG emission Reduction Technology Power sector Coal, Diesel, Natural Gas 28.90 % * Renewable Energy uses, Improving Energy efficiency thorough Energy Audit, * Using energy efficient lighting system, • Separation of CO2 from flue gas and using it for industrial/ research purpose Domestic Coal, LPG, Wood, Kerosene 6.4 % Improved bio-mass based stoves, Solar Cooker, Bio-gas Industrial Coal, Diesel, Gas 12.30% Improving Energy efficiency thorough Energy Audit, • Separation of CO2 from flue gas and using it for industrial/ research purpose

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45th Engineers Day Enteric Fermentation 15.30 % Dry matter intake approach Transport Sector Petrol, Diesel, Gas 6.5 % More mass transit system at affordable cost Imposition of fuel tax on private use, More use of Rail/Waterways for cargo transport. Construction Coal, Oil 9.7 % Use of alternate building materials like bamboo, compressed mud block, stone etc. Cost-effective construction technology Rice Cultivation 7.0 % No-tilling rice cultivation Innovative water management Engineer can play a Role for Appropriate Technology with the Concept of “Land to Lab and Lab to Land”

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45th Engineers Day For developing and transfer of appropriate climate responsive technologies… Creation of National Level Database in the areas of Energy, Environment, Housing, Water Supply, Sanitation, Roads, Rural Industries, Food Processing, Nutrition, Agriculture, Soil conservation To develop Technology Demonstration Centres, Appropriate Technology Extension Centres To create a pool of professionals from technicians, engineers and scientists

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45th Engineers Day Ten ways to reduce carbon emissions 1. Change your bulbs 2. Drive less 3. Keep your tyres inflated 4. Use solar energy 5. Plant more trees 6. Turn off electronic devices 7. Reuse and Recycle 8. Move your A/C thermostat up 9. Use energy efficient computer 10. Make a commitment of reducing your carbon footprint.

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45th Engineers Day Teacher : What is the worst thing about GLOBAL WARMING ….. When you are living in Igloo ? Student : .....?

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45th Engineers Day Teacher : What is the worst thing about GLOBAL WARMING ….. When you are living in Igloo ? Student : NO PRIVACY !!.....

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45th Engineers Day Thank you ! Thank you !