Engineers Day 15-09-2011

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WELCOME:

WELCOME 44th Engineers’ Day September 15, 2011

National Theme for 2011…:

National Theme for 2011… “ Engineering Preparedness for Disaster Mitigation ”

Need for the Theme::

Need for the Theme: The world is facing an increasing frequency and intensity of natural disasters . As per International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR), it has been observed that over 5 million people were killed or affected in the last 10 years. In the recent incident in Japan -More than 25000 lives have been lost, acute shortage of availability of food and water, damage to nuclear power stations . Call before the engineering fraternity to plan for engineering and technical solutions

Disastere :

Disastere Combination of two terms:- ‘Des’ meaning bad or evil and ‘ Astre ’ means star, Thus ‘Disaster’ signifies a “Bad star or evil star’

It includes :-:

It includes :- Multiple deaths, Serious injuries, Severe disruption of normal life pattern, Considerable loss of life, Hardship, Resources crunch, Property damage, Health hazards, Epidemics, Effect on social structure, Damage to infrastructure, buildings, communication and other essentials .

Mitigation means -:

Mitigation means - Taking actions to reduce the effects of a hazard before it occurs It applies to a wide range of activities and protection measures.

Types of Natural Disasters:

Types of Natural Disasters Geological Disasters Avalanches Earthquakes Volcanic Eruptions Hydrological Disasters Floods Limnic Eruptions Tsunamis

Types of Natural Disasters:

Types of Natural Disasters Meteorological Disasters Blizzards Cyclonic Storms Droughts Hailstorms Heat waves Tornadoes

Types of Natural Disasters:

Types of Natural Disasters Health Disasters Epidemics Famines Space Disasters Impact Events Solar Flares Gamma Ray Burst Wild Fires

Avalanche -:

Avalanche - Sudden rapid flow of snow down a slope, occurring when either natural triggers or human activity

Earthquake -:

Earthquake - Also known as a quake, tremor or temblor, is the result of a sudden release of energy in the Earth’s Crust that creates Seismic Waves

Volcanic eruption-:

Volcanic eruption- During a volcanic eruption, Lava, Tephra & various gases are expelled from a Volcanic Vent .

Flood- :

Flood-

Limnic Eruption:

Limnic Eruption It occurs when a gas, usually CO2, suddenly erupts from deep lake water, posing the threat of suffocating wildlife, livestock and humans.

Tsunamis -:

Tsunamis - Can be caused by undersea earthquakes

Blizzards:

Blizzards These are the severe Winters Storms characterized by low temperature, strong winds, and heavy snow.

Cyclone -:

Cyclone - Cyclone, tropical cyclone, hurricane, and typhoon are different names for the same phenomenon a cyclonic storm system that forms over the oceans.

Drought -:

Drought - It is an extended period of months or years when a region notes a deficiency in its water supply.

Hailstorms -:

Hailstorms - These are rain drops that have formed together into ice.

Heat Wave-:

Heat Wave- A heat wave is a prolonged period of excessively hot weather, which may be accompanied by high humidity

Tornado-:

Tornado- It is a violent, dangerous, rotating column of air that is in contact with both the surface of the earth and a cumulonimbus cloud

Epidemic-:

Epidemic- It is an outbreak of a contractible disease that spreads at a rapid rate through a human population.

Famine -:

Famine - A famine is a widespread scarcity of food.

Impact Event-:

Impact Event- An impact event is the Collision of a large meteorite, comet or other Celestial Object with the Earth or another Planet.

Solar flare-:

Solar flare- A Solar Flare is a phenomenon where the sun suddenly releases a great amount of Solar radiation, much more than normal.

Wild fire-:

Wild fire- A wildfire is any uncontrolled fire in combustible vegetation that occurs in the countryside or a wildness area

Man-made disasters -:

Man-made disasters - Wars, battles, hostile enemy actions, Arson, sabotage, internal disturbance, riots, crowd violence, Accident of vehicles, trains, aircrafts, ships, traffic accidents, transport accidents, industrial accidents, nuclear leaks or explosions, Air pollutions, ecological famines, excess grain hoarding, food crises, land degradation, toxic hazards, ozone depletion, contamination, HIV AIDS, population explosion, poverty, drugs, terrorism etc.

Major Challenges-:

Major Challenges- Protection of – Human beings, Animal’s lives, Properties and Vital life-supporting infrastructure

Preparedness- :

Preparedness- Pre-disaster evaluation Installations of fixed satellite communication terminals by a qualified technical team for environmental monitoring, communications redundancy.

Need for Application of Modern Technologies in Disaster Management:

Need for Application of Modern Technologies in Disaster Management Disaster Management makes use of locally developed appropriate technologies to a greater extent. Many of these technologies and methodologies have only restricted applicability and possess limited potential to reduce the impact of disasters

Many frontier areas of technologies-:

Many frontier areas of technologies- Space technology Modern information and communication systems Renewable energy Advanced medical diagnostics Remotely operated robotic systems for rescue and relief operations

Disaster Mitigation Tools-:

Disaster Mitigation Tools- Early warning, Information of temporary shelters Effects of incoming disaster Evacuation plans and implementation through the use of modern communication system and network Technologies in disaster preparedness Search & rescue of disaster survivors Energy & Power supply, Food supply, Storage & safety, Water supply, purification & treatment

Yokohama Planned Strategy- May 1994:

Yokohama Planned Strategy- May 1994 All nations should include disaster prevention, mitigation, preparedness and relief in their development plans. Disaster prevention, mitigation and preparedness are better than disaster response in achieving the goals. Prevention and mitigation improves the safety.

Disaster Mitigation in India-:

Disaster Mitigation in India- The Tenth Five Year Plan document of India has a detailed chapter on Disaster Management. Each State is supposed to prepare a plan scheme for disaster mitigation in accordance with the approach outlined in the plan. Projects addressing mitigation will be given a priority. It has also been mandated that each project in a hazard prone area will have disaster prevention /mitigation plan.

Disaster Mitigation in India-:

Disaster Mitigation in India- Flood Mitigation - As against the total of 40 million hectares prone to floods, area of about 15 million hectares has been protected by construction of embankments. A number of dams and barrages have been constructed. Government of India has recently constituted a Central Task Force under the Chairmanship of Chairman, Central Water Commission.

Disaster Mitigation in India-:

Disaster Mitigation in India- Drought Mitigation – Drought Prone Area Programme (DPAP), Desert Development Programme (DDP), National Watershed Development Project for Rain fed Areas (NWDPRA), Watershed Development Programme for Shifting Cultivation (WDPSC), Integrated Water Development Project (IWDP), Integrated Afforestation and Eco-development Project Scheme (IAEPS).

Disaster Mitigation in India-:

Disaster Mitigation in India- Earthquake Risk Mitigation- A comprehensive programme has been taken up for earthquake risk mitigation. National Core Group for Earthquake Risk Mitigation is formed. Review of building bye-laws and their adoption Development and Revision of Codes Hazard Safety Cells in States

Disaster Mitigation in India-:

Disaster Mitigation in India- National Programme for Capacity Building of Engineers and Architects in Earthquake Risk Mitigation Training of rural masons , A programme to assist the States/UTs in training and certification of 50000 masons has been formulated in consultation with Housing and Urban Development Corporation (HUDCO) and the Ministry of Rural Development.

Disaster Mitigation in India-:

Disaster Mitigation in India- Hospital Preparedness and Emergency – Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences Karnataka have been identified

Disaster Mitigation in India-:

Disaster Mitigation in India- Retrofitting of Lifeline buildings- Life line buildings like hospitals, schools,cinema halls, multi-storied apartments are being assessed and where necessary retrofitted. The Ministries of Civil Aviation, Railways, Telecommunication, Power and Health and Family Welfare have been advised to take up necessary action for detailed evaluation and retrofitting of lifeline buildings

Disaster Mitigation in India-:

Disaster Mitigation in India- National Cyclone Mitigation Project Landslide Hazard Mitigation Project Disaster Risk Management Programme

Disaster Mitigation in India-:

Disaster Mitigation in India- Awareness generation- Use of print and electronic media. Use of places with high public visibility to make people aware. Use of government stationery viz. postal letters, bank stationery, railway tickets, airline boarding cards and tickets. Slogans and messages. Disaster Awareness in School Curriculum.

HAPPY ENGINEERS DAY !!:

HAPPY ENGINEERS DAY !! Centuries ago people, who sacrificed their sleep, food, laughter, & other joys of the life were called as “SAINTS” ! ……Now they are called as ENGINEERS !

HAPPY ENGINEERS DAY !!:

HAPPY ENGINEERS DAY !! 4 Yrs 40 Subjects 400 Experiments 4,000 Assignments 40,000 Hrs 4,00,000 Rs A Normal Human CANNOT Do It… Those Super Heroes Are Called ‘ENGINEERING STUDENTS’

And at last …..:

And at last ….. An Engineering Student to his Sweeper: Mere Paas Degree hai , Knowledge hai , 4 Logon Main Baithne ki izzat hai , Tere Paas Kya Hai ? Sweeper: Mere Paas Meri Naukri Hai ….

HAPPY ENGINEERS DAY !!:

HAPPY ENGINEERS DAY !! THANK YOU !

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