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A global network operator’s perspective of IPv6 23th APAN meeting Manila, January 22-26th 2007 Yves Poppe Director Business Development, IP Services : 

A global network operator’s perspective of IPv6 23th APAN meeting Manila, January 22-26th 2007 Yves Poppe Director Business Development, IP Services

Slide2: 

« ..With the internet and the proliferation of semiconductors, you’ll end up with trillions of things connected – not just individuals but cars, roads, homes, appliances, health-care data, and pacemakers.  » . Samuel J. Palmisano, Chairman IBM, interviewed by Business Week April 3th 2006 North-American issue, pp 52-53 “The internet is rapidly becoming a key ingredient in our economic infrastructure – akin to electricity and roads – as well as our social structures » OECD Forum Conference Paris, May 22-23th 2006

VSNL International | Member of the Tata Group: 

VSNL International | Member of the Tata Group VSNL Tata Teleservices 46% 100% VSNL International 100%

Slide5: 

38 PoP’s in 25 countries (dec 2006) IPv4 and IPv6 access

VSNL International and IPv6 : one of the pioneers: 

VSNL International and IPv6 : one of the pioneers Teleglobe provides the first NGI intercontinental connection in 1995 for the Brussels G7 summit. A member of the Canarie Policy Board, Teleglobe promotes the experimentation of IPv6 and the 6bone/6TAP initiative Teleglobe hosts the first IPv6 node for Surfnet connection to the Chicago 6TAP located at STARTAP. Teleglobe facilitates the world ’s first intercontinental native IPv6 connection in 1998 between CRC(Communication Research Centre) in Ottawa and Berkom in Berlin. Teleglobe becomes a founding member of the IPv6 forum in 1999. Teleglobe presents its original IPv6 plans at the Telluride March 2000 IPv6 Forum. 2003: Teleglobe starts an IPv6 pilot January 2004: service introduction

IPV6 network availability AS6453: 

IPV6 network availability AS6453

IPV6 network availability AS6453: 

IPV6 network availability AS6453

IPV6 network availability AS6453: 

IPV6 network availability AS6453

IP V6 connectivity options: 

IP V6 connectivity options

Circling the Globe: 

Circling the Globe

Slide12: 

Home Carrieror ISP Global Carrieror ISP Foreign Carrieror ISP AS 6453

Slide13: 

Ahmedabad Pune Noida Delhi Kolkotta Hyderabad Bangalore Chennai Bhopal Surat Coimbatorei Gurgaon Belgaum Mangalore Tumkuri Mandya Hasan Mysore Kolar Hubli Trichy Allepey Calicut Cannonore Kollam Palghat Trivandraum Thrissur Adoni Eluru Kakinada Medak Nellore Rajamundry Samathanagar Tirupathy Vijaywadai Vishakapatnam Warangal Ahmednagar Aurangabad Baramati Jalgaon Kolhapur Nagpur Nasik Pune shivaji Sangli Satara Solapur Erode Hossur Salem Tirupur Tuticorn Pondicherry Vellore Madurai Korba Bhilai Gwalior Indore Jabalpur Raipur Anand Baroda Bharuch Gandhinagar Himatnagar Jamnagar Mehsana Rajkot Silvassa Valsad Ajmer Alwar Bhilwara Jodhpur Kota Karnal Rohtak Agra Amritsar Ludhiana Patiala Sonepat Allahabad Gorakhpur Meerut Guwahati Shillong Bhubaneshwar Cuttack Agartala Asansol Durgapur Jamshedhpur Ranchi Sambhalpur Vashi Verna Panjim Faridabad Ghaziabad Chandigarh Kanpur Barielly Mumbai Jaipur Jalandar Hissar Guntur patna Pallakad Udaipur Ambala Dehradun AS 4755 120 PoP’s IPv6 compliant

Did our early emphasis on IPv6 pay off? : 

Did our early emphasis on IPv6 pay off? Gave high visibility and early mover advantage among tier 1 carriers Differentiator in the marketplace If carrier A offers IPv4 only and carrier B offers both IPv4 and IPv6, other criteria being similar, who would a tier 2 ISP carrier base go for? 30+ of our major customers connect in both IPv4 and IPv6 Of around 60 major RFQ’s for IP transit answered in 2006, about 50 included questions on IPv6 support, roughly half gave points to IPv6 support in their response evaluation and 10 had IPv6 support as mandatory or exclusion factor if not compliant. Coming into 2007, every respectable tier 1 provider has to offer decent IPv6 support Next step: waiting for the IPv6 component of the overall IP traffic to grow.

Does IPv6 justify so much attention and emphasis?: 

Does IPv6 justify so much attention and emphasis? Day to day human activity affected by and dependent on telecomms as never before: Digital lifestyle: study, work, play, shop and make friends in cyberspace Telecom lifestyle: everything at your fingertips anywhere, anytime Business processes from design to production to promotion to selling is increasingly telecom dependent. Cyberspace is not virtual any more; it often affects bottomline if not survival. The almost industry wide consensus is that to remain in the telecomm game will require: IP based network convergence, multi-functionality, media rich end-devices, always on, always p2p reachability, unrestricted mobility, security, ubiquitous communication between everybody and everything, provision of ample space for user generated content and event or session based IMS billing systems.. As end-user, I care about applications, not IP versions; IPv6 is just a small but essential cogwheel in the IP converged World,.

What is still missing to make IPv6 a commercial success?: 

What is still missing to make IPv6 a commercial success? Old chicken and egg debate of growth from the core or from the periphery has been solved a number of years ago thanks to the R&E community: cores are now increasingly IPv6 ready. Top level domain DNS support is still patchy: only 5 of the 13 roots support IPv6?! Major issues left? What are the laggards waiting for? Natural selection amongst root operators? Support in DNS servers; Moonv6 testing detected cases of queries for A6 records, the ip6.int domain, bitstream labels!? Shows laxism. Linksys et all where are you? Lack of IPv6 support amongst major content providers Alleged major problems with load balancing if they move to support IPv6?? Firewall issues: security in a dual stack environment is still a (perceived or real?) major issue. A convincing explanation of the enhanced security: mandatory IPsec support Impact of some application catalysts i.a. Windows, Vista, Nokia mobile push service. IP(v6) address based billing mechanisms

Blurring distribution models: 

Blurring distribution models The old order: discrete and distinct Telecom: voice, fixed and mobile, data, internet Broadcasters : radio, TV Music industry Movie industry Print and publishing Advertising Gaming, gambling Home entertainment Production control, goods tracking Services: banking, travel, auctions, sales of goods The e-world is rather disruptive for most existing carrier and service industry business models Everything which can be dematerialized will ultimately be dematerialized

The incredible growth of Mobile Communications : 

The incredible growth of Mobile Communications As reported by 3G Americas www.3gamericas.org 2.5 billion devices reached mid 2006, three billion by end 2007?

17 billion Networkable Devices!: 

17 billion Networkable Devices! Sun Microsystems estimates that including sensor and RFID networks the world could have a trillion communicating devices in a decade!

Prevalence of fast digital access : 

Prevalence of fast digital access DSL and Cable 250+ million were estimated mid 2006 (Ovum); 450+ million by 2010 It took mobile phones 5.5 years to go from 10 to 100 million subscribers worldwide; Broadband achieved this in 3.5 years. Wi-Fi and Wi-Max 120 million wi-fi chipsets shipped in 2005 100,000+ public hotspots worldwide Wi-Max : potentially disruptive and potential solution to digital divide “We want to enable the next billion broadband users” (Ron Peck, Intel director marketing WiMax, quoted in C|net apr 18th) FTTx From 20 million (mid 2006) to 62 million in 2010 (Ovum) 3G and HSDPA

National Policies: The economic and defense factor : 

National Policies: The economic and defense factor National policies: China’s CNGI Korea’s u-IT839 Malaysia’s MyICMS Japan’s U-Japan Singapore’s Next Gen NII an IN2015 India’s 10 point Agenda Common objectives: Provide ubiquitous, affordable high speed communication over converging networks Provide for substantial growth of IT share of GDP and job creation Postion the country for competitiveness in a Global Economy. Defense Policies In the context of its requirements for Network Centric Warfare, the US DoD decided to mandate IPv6 support. Defense mobile networking needs: adhoc networks (MANET), networks in motion (NEMO) and end system mobility are just not achievable without IPv6

The IPv6 factor in the IP convergence equation : 

The IPv6 factor in the IP convergence equation Solves address shortage Restores p2p Mobility Better spectrum utilization Better battery life! Security Ipsec mandatory Multicast Better QoS (flow labels) Neighbour discovery Ad-Hoc networking Home networks Plug and play Auto configuration Permanent addresses Identity (CLID) Traceability (RFID) Sensors and monitoring ADSL, cable, FTTx, 3G, Wi-Fi, Wi-Max provide the always-on

IPv6 a prerequisite for viable IP convergence? : 

IPv6 a prerequisite for viable IP convergence? To make a commercial reality of the IP convergence vision is quasi impossible without moving to a new IP version IPv6 is the only way out of current IP address shortage for major developing economies such as China and India. Essential for mobility, improved security, QoS, plug and play home networking, mobile ad-hoc networks (MANET’s) and networks in motion (NEMO’s) Critical component for session and event based billing in the 3G and B3G (Beyond 3G) world based on IMS and SIP. One of the building blocks toward ITU-T defined NGN Should be prevalent around 2010 but early movers will enjoy a sizeable competitive advantage in a number of evolving application domains and associated revenues. All new IT related procurements should mandate IPv6 support What about correspondence between customer and goods or services rendered in an IP address based billing environment?

Some concluding thoughts: 

Some concluding thoughts What will the new BB interconnected world we are creating bring? Homes on-line: triple or quad play; home gateways for work, entertainment, security and monitoring. Goods on-line: tagging of practically everything Revenues on-line: whole industries spiraling in the vortex Nations on-line: prerequisite to compete and generate wealth in a increasingly global economy. Humans on-line: we will be networks in motion moving around carrying some terabytes of information and communicating with the rest of the world at gigabit speeds. And what will happen to human to human communication? Thank You for your attention