The History of the Automobile: The History of the Automobile By Fredy Benitez Purpose: Purpose The purpose of this slide is to inform the viewers of the history of the automobile. This power point will include facts and information that explain how the automobile has affected the world and how it has changed over the past centuries. What is an Automobile?: What is an Automobile? An automobile or car is a wheeled vehicle that carries its own motor and transports passengers. When was the first automobile created?: When was the first automobile created? The first vehicle to move under its own power was designed by Nicholas Joseph Cugnot and constructed by M. Brezin in 1769. What were the defects of the first automobiles?: What were the defects of the first automobiles? The first automobile models weighed 8000 pounds and had a top speed on 2 miles per hour. The early steam powered vehicles were so heavy that they were only practical on a perfectly flat surface as strong as iron. When had the steam cars been built in America?: When had the steam cars been built in America? Steam cars had been built in America since before the Civil War but the early one were like miniature locomotives. 1801: 1801 A British engineer Richard Trevithick improved the design of steam engines, by making smaller and lighter with stronger boilers generating more power. 1858 First Coal-gas Engine: 1858 First Coal-gas Engine Belgian-born engineer, Jean Joseph Étienne Lenoir invented a two-stroke, internal combustion engine. It was fuelled by coal gas and triggered by an electric spark-ignition. 1876: 1876 Nikolaus August Otto invented a successful four-stroke engine, known as the “Otto cycle.” 1886: 1886 Henry Ford builds his first automobile in Michigan. 1887: 1887 Gottlieb Daimler uses his internal combustion engine to build a four-wheel vehicle, considered the first modern automobile. 1889 The First Motor Company formed: 1889 The First Motor Company formed Two former French wood machinists, Rene Panhard and Emile Levassor, set up the world’s first car manufacturers. Their first car was built in 1890 using a Daimler engine. When was the first closed circuit race?: When was the first closed circuit race? The first closed circuit automobile race was held at Narragansett Park, Rhode Island, in September 1896. 1896 First Road Traffic Death: 1896 First Road Traffic Death Bridget Driscoll, a 44-year old mother of two from Croydon, stepped off a kerb and into the history books. She was hit by a passing motor car near Crystal Palace in London. She died from head injuries. 1903: 1903 The Ford Motor Company Formed After fitting moving assembly lines to the factory in 1913, Ford became the world's biggest car manufacturer. By what year did racing take over the United States?: By what year did racing take over the United States? By 1915 racing had become a passion all over the United States. How did automobiles affect the face of small town America?: How did automobiles affect the face of small town America? Eventually the automobile changed the face of small town America. Townspeople all over America bought automobiles that matched their life styles. 1965: 1965 Emissions regulations introduced Controls on harmful emissions initially introduced in California, the rest of the world soon followed suit. 1973 Energy Crisis: 1973 Energy Crisis After the Arab oil Embargo beginning in October 1973, oil prices rocketed causing a world shortage. Fuel economy was suddenly something to consider when buying a car. 1997 Car Manufacturers get green: 1997 Car Manufacturers get green Manufacturers have acknowledged that oil reserves will dry up in the future. They’re now developing engines that use more than one fuel source – hybrid engines. Conclusion: Conclusion I hope that this historic power point has informed you about the origins of the automobile.