poverty 05

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Poverty in Malawi from the Second Integrated Household Survey: 

Poverty in Malawi from the Second Integrated Household Survey October 2005

Key Messages: 

Key Messages High number of absolute poor Rural poverty is significantly higher No change in poverty rate since 1998 Rural areas do worse on non-income dimensions of poverty Urban poor is non-negligible

Introduction: 

Introduction The NSO wishes to conduct a comprehensive socio-economic survey in every 5 years The first such survey was the first Integrated Household Survey (IHS1) in 1997/8 The second is the IHS2, conducted between March 2004-March 2005

IHS2 : 

IHS2 Two main types of questionnaires were used: Household questionnaire Administered to 11,280 households Community questionnaire Administered to 564 communities across the country Statistical Abstract: basic tabulations and analysis of the IHS2

IHS2 Goals: 

IHS2 Goals Provide data for detailed analysis of the profile of poverty in Malawi MPRS indicators (where applicable) MDG indicators (where applicable)

Defining Poverty in Malawi: 

Defining Poverty in Malawi Malawi Kwacha per person per year needed to obtain a minimum level of living: (1) enough food to reach a specific amount of calories, and (2) a level of non food goods and services This definition is used to: identify persons deemed “poor” make comparisons across locations &/or household types

Defining Poverty in Malawi: 

Defining Poverty in Malawi Poor : below MK16,165 per person per year (1,347 MK per person per month) Ultra poor: below 10,029 MK per person per year (836 MK per person per month)

Poverty in Malawi: 2005: 

Poverty in Malawi: 2005

Likelihood of Being Poor by Location: 

Likelihood of Being Poor by Location

Poverty Comparisons: IHS1 & IHS2: 

Poverty Comparisons: IHS1 & IHS2 The IHS2 estimate of 52.4% poverty rate should not be compare to the 65.3% estimate in IHS1 since survey instruments & methods were revised and improved. Comparable poverty estimates from IHS1 were estimated (using regression models to impute expenditure per capita based on comparably measured household characteristics).

Poverty Comparisons: IHS1 & IHS2: 

Poverty Comparisons: IHS1 & IHS2

Where are the Poor in Malawi?: 

Where are the Poor in Malawi?

Income Inequality in Malawi: 

Income Inequality in Malawi

Poverty Profile: Gender of Head: 

Poverty Profile: Gender of Head

Poverty Profile: Age of Head: 

Poverty Profile: Age of Head

Poverty Profile: HH demographics: 

Poverty Profile: HH demographics

Poverty Profile: Education of Head: 

Poverty Profile: Education of Head

Education: 

Education

Education: Primary GER: 

Education: Primary GER

Education: Primary NER: 

Education: Primary NER

Education: Ratio of Girls to Boys: 

Education: Ratio of Girls to Boys

Adult Literacy: 

Adult Literacy

Youth Literacy: 

Youth Literacy

Reproductive Health: 

Reproductive Health

Chronic Health Problems: 

Chronic Health Problems

Employment: 

Employment

Employment by Sector: 

Employment by Sector

Child Nutritional Status: 

Child Nutritional Status

Child Nutritional Status: 

Child Nutritional Status

Access to Improved Sanitation: 

Access to Improved Sanitation

Access to Improved Water: 

Access to Improved Water

Crime Victimization: 

Crime Victimization

Access to Social Safety Nets: 

Access to Social Safety Nets

In Conclusion: Key Messages: 

In Conclusion: Key Messages High number of absolute poor Rural poverty is significantly higher No change in poverty rate since 1998 Rural areas do worse on non-income dimensions of poverty Urban poor is non-negligible

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