comedyOrTragedy

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Comedy or Tragedy ?: 

Comedy or Tragedy ? Applying FRBR to Shakespeare in an Existing Catalog Mary Wu, Roger Williams University Martha Rice Sanders, HELIN Consortium

FRBR Definition: 

FRBR Definition Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR) Developed by an IFLA Study Group in 1998 An entity-relationship model intended to define the functional requirements of cataloging records in relation to user needs

FRBR Hierarchical Structure : 

FRBR Hierarchical Structure Work is realized through Expression is embodied in Manifestation is exemplified by Item

FRBR Advantages: 

FRBR Advantages Hierarchical Catalog can be more easily maintained and searched FRBRized OPAC display can help users navigate in complex information spaces

Conventional Catalog vs. FRBRized Catalog: 

Conventional Catalog vs. FRBRized Catalog HELIN Catalog (Conventional) OCLC WorldCat (Improved) OCLC FictionFinder (FRBRized) FRBRized Catalog (Hypothetical)

Author: Shakespeare William and Title: Hamlet: 

Author: Shakespeare William and Title: Hamlet Written Language Material + Spoken Language Material + Plays/Movies + In Anthology +

Author: Shakespeare William and Title: Hamlet: 

Author: Shakespeare William and Title: Hamlet Written Language Material Chinese + English + French + German + Spanish +

Author: Shakespeare William and Title: Hamlet: 

Author: Shakespeare William and Title: Hamlet Written Language Material + Spoken Language Material + Plays/Movies + In collection +

HELIN FRBR Project: 

HELIN FRBR Project The HELIN Consortium: Founded in 1984 11 academic and 15 health sciences libraries Serves over 70,000 students and faculty at campuses in Rhode Island and beyond 4.8 million items in various formats

HELIN FRBR Project: 

HELIN FRBR Project Why FRBRize the Shakespeare Collection Many large and complex works whose contents have been revised, adapted and described. Used for classes and entertainment.

HELIN FRBR Project: 

HELIN FRBR Project The Shakespeare Collection in HELIN 1289 bibliographic records with Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616 in 100 field 624 bibliographic records with Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616 in 700 field

Slide12: 

Pioneers and Approaches The Work record

Slide13: 

Creating an Original Record Fill in appropriate data. Add or delete any tags.

Slide14: 

Pioneers and Approches The Expression record

Slide15: 

Pioneers and Approaches The Manifestation record is shown with tree expanded

FRBR Work-Set Algorithm: 

FRBR Work-Set Algorithm Construct a key based on the normalized primary author and title. If that key matches an existing set, add this record to the set. If not, construct additional name/title keys based on other names and titles in the record. Check each of those keys in succession. If a match is found with an existing set, add this to that set. If no matches are found, create a new set based on the original key.

Pioneers and Approaches: 

Pioneers and Approaches Manifestations Author/Title 1784 shakespeare, william\1564 1616/hamlet 1555 shakespeare, william\1564 1616/works 1375 shakespeare, william\1564 1616/macbeth 1141 shakespeare, william\1564 1616/romeo and juliet 1110 shakespeare, william\1564 1616/merchant of venice 829 shakespeare, william\1564 1616/midsummer nights dream 767 shakespeare, william\1564 1616/plays 696 shakespeare, william\1564 1616/sonnets

HELIN FRBR Project: 

HELIN FRBR Project Goals of the Project: Obtain knowledge and experience in FRBRizing existing library catalog Test the feasibility of record conversion based on MARC elements Identify issues hindering the conversion

HELIN FRBR Project: 

HELIN FRBR Project Objectives of the Project: Create a stand-alone FRBRized Catalog. Build a user search interface. Collect user feedback to determine the pros and cons of the FRBR structure.

HELIN FRBR Project: 

HELIN FRBR Project Task 1: Assemble bibliographic records having Shakespeare, William, |d 1564-1616 in 100 field. Assemble bibliographic records having Shakespeare, William, |d 1564-1616 in 700 field. Export the records to an Access database

Task 2: Identify FRBR Entity Levels: 

Task 2: Identify FRBR Entity Levels Work Expression Manifestation

HELIN FRBR Project: 

HELIN FRBR Project Task 3: Group records based on Work Key Author: 100 Subfields (a, d) 110 Subfields (a, b, c, d) 111 Subfields (a, c, d) 700 Subfields (a, d) Title: 130 Subfields (a, m, n, p, r) 240 Subfields (a, m, n, p, r) 245/246 Subfields (a, b) 700 Subfield (t)

HELIN FRBR Project: 

HELIN FRBR Project Task 4: Group records based on Expression Key Language: 008/35-37, 240 subfield l Medium: Leader/06 Type Editor/Translator/Director/Narrator… 245 subfield c

HELIN FRBR Project: 

HELIN FRBR Project Task 5: Group records based on Manifestation Key Title: 245 subfields (a, b) Publisher: 260 subfields (a, b, c) Edition: 250 subfield a

HELIN FRBR Project: 

HELIN FRBR Project The following FRBR Catalog contains 297 works by, about or based on Shakespeare’s intellectual endeavourer Demo: HELIN FRBRized William Shakespeare Collection

HELIN FRBR Project: 

HELIN FRBR Project Issues in Clustering Work Records: #1 Uniform Titles need to be inserted or created for Work Records #2 Uniform Titles that are not authorized #3 Embedding in anthologies

HELIN FRBR Project: 

HELIN FRBR Project Issues in Clustering Work Records: #4 Titles in 240/245 are unclear/misleading # 5 Finding individual works that are compiled as one publication (“The complete work”/ “Selections”)

Issue #1: Uniform Titles need to be inserted or created for Work Records : 

Issue #1: Uniform Titles need to be inserted or created for Work Records

Issue #2: Uniform Titles are not authorized : 

Issue #2: Uniform Titles are not authorized

Issue #2: Uniform Titles are not authorized: 

Issue #2: Uniform Titles are not authorized

Issue #3: Anthology : 

Issue #3: Anthology

Issue #4: Titles in 240/ 245 are unclear/misleading: 

Issue #4: Titles in 240/ 245 are unclear/misleading

Issue #4: Titles in 240/245 are unclear/misleading: 

Issue #4: Titles in 240/245 are unclear/misleading

Issue #5: Discovering individual work contained in “The complete works”/ “Selections”: 

Issue #5: Discovering individual work contained in “The complete works”/ “Selections”

Issue #5: Discovering individual work contained in “The complete work”/ “Selection” : 

Issue #5: Discovering individual work contained in “The complete work”/ “Selection”

HELIN FRBR Project: 

HELIN FRBR Project Issues in identifying expression records: #1 245 doesn’t contain sufficient information for identifying editors, directors, illustrators, etc. #2 The content of the physical item needs to be analyzed before differences among similar expressions can be discovered. #3 Under what circumstances should a new expression be created?

245 doesn’t contain sufficient information for identifying editors, directors, illustrators, etc. : 

245 doesn’t contain sufficient information for identifying editors, directors, illustrators, etc.

The content of the physical item needs to be analyzed: 

The content of the physical item needs to be analyzed

Under what circumstances should a new expression be created? : 

Under what circumstances should a new expression be created?

HELIN FRBR Project: 

HELIN FRBR Project Future Work and Suggestions Usability test Choose reasonably sized collections to FRBRize Improve MARC records prior to FRBRizing Don’t rely on automation Apply “Super Work” concept Don’t expect flawlessness Be flexible

HELIN FRBR Project: 

HELIN FRBR Project Mary Wu, Roger Williams University Email: mwu@rwu.edu Martha Sanders, HELIN Consortium Email: msanders@etal.uri.edu Tim Spindler, Roger Williams University Email: tspindler@rwu.edu

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