PowerPoint Presentation: INVESTICE DO ROZVOJE VZDĚLÁVÁNÍ Podpora rozvoje cizích jazyků pro Evropu 21. stol. Tento projekt je spolufinancován Evropským sociálním fondem a státním rozpočtem České republiky. Defining and non-defining relative clauses: Defining and non-defining relative clauses Vzta žné věty Defining relative clauses: Task: underline the relative clause 1/ A king is a person who rules the country. 2/ A dinosaur is an animal that lived a long time ago. 3/ A bank is a place where you go to get some money. Defining relative clauses Relative clauses: We use relative clauses to give additional information about something (a noun) without starting another sentence. Usually we use these relative pronouns: 1 / who ( a person) 2/ which (a thing) 3/ that (a person or a thing) 4/ where (a place) 5/ whose Relative clauses 6/ why (reason) 7/ when (time) Give a definition: Give a definition A princess A frog A museum A mug A library A newspaper A plane A flower Is a girl who wears a beautiful dress, lives in a castle and will marry a prince Defining relative clause: Points to the particular person / thing Ex. The person who brought us the coffee had very nice eyes. The house where she lives is very far. Has no commas !!! Relative pronouns (not always obligatory): 1/ who 2/ which 3/ that Defining relative clause PowerPoint Presentation: In defining relative clauses we might drop the relative pronoun completely: if the subject of defining clause is an object of main clause Ex. The book ( which) I bought is not very good. The boy ( who/whom ) we met esterday was Alice’s brother. Fill in the correct relative pronoun: 1/ This is the house ______ my parents want to buy. 2/ Who was the girl _____ I saw you talking to? 3/ What do you call the people ____ live in Scotland? 4/ The postcard ______ I send you was written on the summit of Ben Nevis. 5/ The school ______ I study is called MG. Fill in the correct relative pronoun Non-defining relative clauses: Give us only further information about something Do not influence the meaning of the sentence We can leave them out completely We use commas!!! Ex. John Grisham, who writes about legal things , is my favourite author. Non-defining relative clauses PowerPoint Presentation: Relative pronouns: 1/ who 2/ which In non-defining relative clauses the relative pronoun must be always present!!! Defining or non-defining relative clause?: 1/ My students who never do their homework will fail the exam. 2/ Valencia, which is Spain's third largest city, is on the Mediterranean coast. 3/ That dog whose bone you took is going to bite your leg off. 4/ They want to show me their new car they bought in Germany. 5/ The tree in front of my house, which I used to climb as a child, had to be cut down. Defining or non-defining relative clause? Common mistake: WHAT vs WHICH WHAT is not a relative pronoun We cannot say: Ex. Tell me something what I do not know. We must say: Ex. Tell me something that I do not know. Common mistake How to Shorten Relative Clauses? : Relative clauses with who , which , that as subject can be replaced with a participle: Ex. I told you about the strange guy who lives next door. I told you about the strange guy living next door. How to Shorten Relative Clauses? Further practice: http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/relative-clauses#h05 http://valenciaenglish.netfirms.com/relativex.htm Further practice PowerPoint Presentation: INVESTICE DO ROZVOJE VZDĚLÁVÁNÍ Tento projekt je spolufinancován Evropským sociálním fondem a státním rozpočtem České republiky. Tato výuková prezentace byla pořízena z finančních prostředků hrazených Evropským sociálním fondem a rozpočtem České republiky.