Use if ICT for teaching and learning of physics and mathematics
By Dr. Farhana Khurshid
Fatima Jinnah Women University

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Use if ICT for teaching and learning of Physics and mathematics:

Use if ICT for teaching and learning of Physics and mathematics Dr. Farhana Khurshid Fatima Jinnah Women University

Teaching and learning Mathematics:

Teaching and learning Mathematics Mathematics is a way of organising our experience of the world. By doing mathematics we can solve a range of practical tasks and real-life problems. We use it in many areas of our lives

Learning and Teaching Mathematics:

Learning and Teaching Mathematics Learning skills and remembering facts in mathematics are important. Students will remember facts and skills easily when they use them to solve real problems. S tudents should be taught about the different parts of mathematics to solve real-life problems using mathematics. Mathematics can be taught using a step-by-step approach to a topic but it is important to show that many topics are linked,

Problems in teaching and learning of Mathematics:

Problems in teaching and learning of Mathematics A sense of fear and failure regarding mathematics among a majority of children , A curriculum that disappoints both a talented minority as well as the non-participating majority at the same time , Crude methods of assessment that encourage perception of mathematics as mechanical computation , Lack of teacher preparation and support in the teaching of mathematics.

What is ICT in Education:

What is ICT in Education ICTs stand for information and communication technologies and are defined as a “diverse set of technological tools and resources used to communicate, and to create, disseminate, store, and manage information.” These technologies include computers, the Internet, broadcasting technologies (radio and television), etc. Worldwide research has shown that ICT can lead to improved student learning and better teaching methods.

ICT in teaching and learning :

ICT in teaching and learning Information and communication technologies have changed the environment in which students develop and impacted on the way they learn in schools. ICT provides exciting possibilities to enhance the quality of education. ICT has the capacity to enhance the learning process and facilitate communications within education institutions and between educators and learners. However, it must be recognised that ICT may never displace the relationship between teacher and learner which is crucial to the learning and development process.

Use of ICT for teaching and learning mathematics:

Use of ICT for teaching and learning mathematics While learning from computers can help students to enhance their performance on basic skills learning with computers could facilitate the learning of higher-order thinking ( Jonassen , 2000; Lim & Tay, 2003). Higher order thinking is more than the simple recall of facts or information retrieval. It is a function of interaction between cognitive strategies, meta-cognition and non-strategic (domain-specific) knowledge during novel problem solving (Young, 1997).

Use of ICT in teaching of mathematics:

Use of ICT in teaching of mathematics “Many researchers investigating the use of technology in education have found that technology is most powerful when used as a tool for problem solving, conceptual development and critical thinking” ( Ringstaff & Kelley, 2002, p 5).

Teaching and learning through games:

Teaching and learning through games Using games can make mathematics classes very enjoyable, exciting and interesting. Mathematical games provide opportunities for students to be actively involved in learning. Games allow students to experience success and satisfaction, thereby building their enthusiasm and self-confidence.

Teaching and learning through games contd………….:

Teaching and learning through games contd …………. Games help students to : understand mathematical concepts develop mathematical skills know mathematical facts learn the language and vocabulary of mathematics develop ability in mental mathematics.

Web links for math teaching games:

Web links for math teaching games Teaching different math concepts (Even and odds) http://www.crickweb.co.uk/ks2numeracy-properties-and-ordering.html#ntrack Prime factors http://www.e-learningforkids.org/math/lesson/finding-prime-factors/ Greates common factor http://www.e-learningforkids.org/math/lesson/greatest-common-factors/

Teaching of science :

Teaching of science Science is a process by which we try to understand how the natural world works and how it came to be that way. It is NOT a process for merely collecting "facts" about, or just describing, the natural world. Teaching of science is a process in which students are actively engaged in learning. It may include inquiry-based learning, cooperative learning, or student-centered learning.

Teaching of science:

Teaching of science student reports on 4 clusters of activities 1. Interaction Collaboration and participatory exchanges 2. Hands-on Guided activities around lab experiments 3. Application Drawing connections between school science and the outside world 4. Investigation Autonomous student inquiries

5 E’s of science teaching:

5 E’s of science teaching The 5 E's is an instructional model based on the constructivist approach to learning , which says that learners build or construct new ideas on top of their old ideas. The 5 E's can be used with students of all ages, including adults. Constructivism is a learning strategy that draws on students' existing knowledge, beliefs, and skills. With a constructivist approach, students synthesize new understanding from prior learning and new information.

5 E’s of science teaching:

5 E’s of science teaching The constructivist teacher sets up problems and monitors student exploration, guides student inquiry, and promotes new patterns of thinking. Working mostly with raw data, primary sources, and interactive material, constructivist teaching asks students to work with their own data and learn to direct their own explorations. Ultimately, students begin to think of learning as accumulated, evolving knowledge. Constructivist approaches work well with learners of all ages, including adults.

5 E’s of Science teaching:

5 E’s of Science teaching

Engage:

Engage Activity which will focus student’s attention, stimulate their thinking, and access prior knowledge. Student asks questions such as: Why did this happen? What do I already know about this? What have I found out about this? Shows interest in the topic.

Explore:

Explore Activity which gives students time to think and investigate/test/make decisions/problem solve, and collect information. Perform an Investigation Read Authentic Resources to Collect Information Solve a Problem Construct a Model

Explain:

Explain Activity which allows students to analyze their exploration. Student’s understanding is clarified and modified through a reflective activity. Student Analysis & Explanation Supporting Ideas with Evidence Structured Questioning Reading and Discussion Teacher Explanation Thinking Skill Activities: compare, classify, error analysis

Elaborate:

Elaborate Activity which expands and solidifies student thinking and/or applies it to a real-world situation. Problem Solving Decision Making Experimental Inquiry Thinking Skill Activities: compare, classify, apply

Evaluate:

Evaluate Activity which allows the teacher to assess student performance and/or understandings of concepts, skills, processes, and applications. Any of the Previous Activities Develop a Scoring Tool or Rubric Performance Assessment Produce a Product Journal Entry Portfolio

What is Physics:

What is Physics Physics provide a crucial link between mathematics and science. The word 'physics' comes from the Greek 'knowledge of nature,' and in general, the field aims to analyze and understand the natural phenomena of the Universe. Because physics explains natural phenomena in the universe, it's often considered to be the most fundamental science. It provides a basis for all other sciences - without physics, you couldn't have biology, chemistry, or anything else!

Teaching physics :

Teaching physics Concept of force http :// www.sciencekids.co.nz/gamesactivities/forcesinaction.html Concept of force and magnet http:// www.bbc.co.uk/schools/scienceclips/ages/7_8/magnets_springs_fs.shtml Different topics of science http:// interactivesites.weebly.com/science.html Compound machines http:// www.edheads.org/activities/odd_machine/frame_loader.htm Physics classroom http://www.physicsclassroom.com/class Khan Academy https://www.khanacademy.org/

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