1.What is climate change

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What is Climate Change ? Module 1:

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EARTH Global temperatures are rising because of an increase of greenhouse gases (like carbon dioxide) in the atmosphere

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human activity is a major cause of climate change 90% We are more than certain Actually it's more certain than that

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Passive Carbon (fossil fuels) C arbon is always moving between plants, the atmosphere and the oceans. Passive carbon is 'locked away' underground.

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Burning fossil fuel releases passive carbon into the atmosphere. If we didn’t burn it, this carbon wouldn’t return to the atmosphere for millennia. (through the weathering of rocks) Passive Carbon (fossil fuels)

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71% includes Energy (25.9%), Transport (13.1%), Agriculture (13.5%) and Industry 19.4%). Residential & Commercial Waste & Wastewater Forestry come from burning fossil fuels 71% of all human-caused greenhouse gas emissions

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What does climate change look like? . Steppe Fire in Russia. A steppe fire at night in the Volgogradsky region, 2010.Forest fires are set to increase as climate change intensifies. © Greenpeace Fires

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Villagers wade through rising flood waters from the Chao Phraya in 2006. Earlier in the year, scientists warned that Thailand would experience more frequent extreme weather events due to the impacts of climate change. © Greenpeace What does climate change look like? . Floods

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Drought is severely affecting farmers and graziers in Australia. The situation is dire for those relying on the giant Murray-Darling River system, which in some places has reduced to just a trickle. © Greenpeace What does climate change look like? . Droughts

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The only solution is to CUT FOSSIL FUEL EMISSIONS

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These regions will be hardest hit (judging the physical impacts of climate change, taking into account countries' ability to cope)

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These regions did the most harm (based on historical carbon emissions per person)

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The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change ( UNFCCC ), in 1992: 'the largest share of historical and current global emissions of greenhouse gases has originated in developed countries ... … the developed country Parties should take the lead in combating climate change and the adverse effects thereof'

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Countries meet under the UNFCCC to tackle climate change In 1997 they generated the Kyoto Protocol

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Kyoto Protocol commits developed countries to cut collective emissions to 95% of 1990 levels by 2012. 1990 2000 2010 2020

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1990 2000 2010 2020 2050 Almost all scientists agree the cuts need to be much deeper to be effective: 80-95% by 2050

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Active Carbon 56% fossil fuels Forestry (incl. deforestation) 17.4% Human-induced Greenhouse Gas Emissions REMEMBER

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Proposals are on the table to develop schemes to R educe E missions from D eforestation and forest D egradation. See module 2: What is REDD ?

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Unlike forest emissions, burning fossil fuels releases carbon not normally part of the active carbon cycle. Planting more trees or protecting forests will not fix this. REMEMBER

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The only solution is to CUT FOSSIL FUEL EMISSIONS

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Module 3: What is carbon trading? Module 4: Forests and carbon trading Module 2: What is REDD? Module 1: What is Climate Change? Module 5: REDD and communities Module 6: Lessons from FLEGT for REDD

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RECAP: Climate change is happening These regions will be hardest hit These regions did the most harm

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