Joan of Arc

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Jeanne d’Arc Joan of Arc A French Folk Heroin

Where did Joan of Arc grow up? :

Where did Joan of Arc grow up? Her father, Jacques, was a farmer who also worked as an official for the town. Joan worked on the farm and learned how to sew from her mother, Isabelle. Joan was also very religious. Joan of Arc grew up in a small town in France.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Donrémy Church Jeanne’s house In Donrémy Jeanne working on the farm

Visions from God :

Visions from God When Joan was around twelve years old she had a vision. She saw Michael the Archangel. He told her that she was to lead the French in a battle against the English. After she drove the French out she was to take the king to be crowned at Rheims. Joan continued to have visions and hear voices over the next several years. She said they were beautiful and wonderful visions from God. When Joan turned sixteen she decided it was time to listen to her visions and take action.

Journey to King Charles VII :

Journey to King Charles VII Joan was just a peasant farm girl. How was she going get an army to defeat the English? She decided she would ask King Charles of France for an army. She first went to the local town and asked the commander of the garrison, Count Baudricourt , to take her to see the king. He just laughed at her. However, Joan did not give up. She continued to ask for his help and gained the support of some local leaders. Soon he agreed to provide her with an escort to the royal court in the city of Chinon . Joan met with the king. At first the king was suspicious. Should he put this young girl in charge of his army? Was she a messenger from God or was she just crazy? Eventually, the king figured he had nothing to lose.

Jeanne at Orléans:

Jeanne at Orléans

Getting ready to fight:

Getting ready to fight King Charles VII let Joan accompany a convoy of soldiers and supplies to the city of Orleans that was under siege from the English Army. While Joan waited on the king, she practiced for battle. She became a proficient fighter and an expert horse rider. She was ready when the king said she could fight.

Siege of Orléans:

Siege of Orléans News of Joan's visions from God reached Orleans before she did. The French people began to hope that God was going to save them from the English. When Joan arrived the people greeted her with cheering and celebrations. Joan had to wait for the rest of the French army to arrive. Once they were there, she launched an attack against the English. Joan led the attack and during one of the battles was wounded by an arrow. Joan didn't stop fighting. She stayed with the troops inspiring them to fight even harder. Eventually Joan and the French Army repelled the English troops and caused them to retreat from Orleans. She had won a great victory and saved the French from the English.

Siege of Orléans:

Siege of Orléans

Siege of Orléans:

Siege of Orléans

Coronation in Reims: King Charles VII:

Coronation in Reims: King Charles VII After winning the Battle of Orleans, Joan had only achieved part of what the visions had told her to do. She also needed to lead Charles to the city of Rheims to be crowned king. Joan and her army cleared the way to Rheims, gaining followers as she went. Soon they had made it to Rheims and Charles was crowned King of France.

Reims: a city close to where we live! It’s only one hour and a half away from Troyes!:

Reims: a city close to where we live! It’s only one hour and a half away from Troyes! Reims cathedral King Charles VII came to Troyes with Jeanne d’Arc in 1429! This is our cathedral !

How the Virgin convinced to the army in Troyes in spite of the opinion of the Real Council. Manuscript dated from 1484:

How the Virgin convinced to the army in Troyes in spite of the opinion of the Real Council. Manuscript dated from 1484

The King in Troyes:

The King in Troyes

Captured  :

Captured Joan heard that the city of Compiegne was under attack by the Burgundians . She took a small force to help defend the city. With her force under attack outside the city, the drawbridge was raised and she was trapped. Joan was captured and later sold to the English.

Captured  :

Captured Joan heard that the city of Compiegne was under attack by the Burgundians . She took a small force to help defend the city. With her force under attack outside the city, the drawbridge was raised and she was trapped. Joan was captured and later sold to the English.

Captured:

Captured

Captured:

Captured

Trial and Death  :

Trial and Death The English held Joan as prisoner and gave her a trial to prove that she was a religious heretic.

Trial and Death  :

Trial and Death They questioned her over the course of several days trying to find something that she had done that deserved death. They couldn't find anything wrong with her except that she had dressed as a man. They said that was enough to deserve death and announced her guilty.

Trial and Death  :

Trial and Death The trial of condemnation. Of no other trial of the fifteenth century have we a report approaching this in detail and accuracy.

Trial and Death  :

Trial and Death The official records of the Great Trial of 1431 in Rouen and of the Process of Rehabilitation of a quarter of a century later are still preserved in the National Archives of France, and they furnish with remarkable fullness the facts of her life.

Trial and Death  :

Trial and Death The trial at Rouen could end in but one way. She was in the hands of those who could not afford not to destroy her. A moment of weakness on Jeanne's part gave them the opportunity. wearied, frightened by threats of torture and tempted by hopes of release, abandoned, as she thought, by her "voices," she broke down, declared herself an imposter, confessed that her voices had been feigned and threw herself on the mercy of the court.

Trial and Death  :

Trial and Death Sentenced to perpetual imprisonment, returned to a cell and subjected to neglect and insult, she regained her courage, withdrew her confession and sought peace in the reassertion of her guiding voices and the reality of her mission. This was her end. She was summoned again before her judges, declared a relapsed heretic and a sorceress, and on the 3Oth of May 1431, she was burned at the stake in the market place in Rouen.

Joan’s death at the stake:

Joan’s death at the stake Joan was burned alive at the stake. She asked for a cross before she died and an English soldier gave her a small wooden cross. Witnesses said she forgave her accusers and asked them to pray for her. She was only nineteen years old when she died.

Joan’s death at the stake:

Joan’s death at the stake

Joan’s death at the stake:

Joan’s death at the stake

Joan’s death at the stake:

Joan’s death at the stake

Joan’s death at the stake:

Joan’s death at the stake

Joan’s death at the stake:

Joan’s death at the stake

Joan’s death at the stake:

Joan’s death at the stake

The Trial of Nullification or Rehabilitation The Case was solemnly opened on November 7th, 1455, in the Church of Notre Dame at Paris. :

The Trial of Nullification or Rehabilitation The Case was solemnly opened on November 7th, 1455, in the Church of Notre Dame at Paris. Jeanne's family bring the suit before the Pope. Two months after the election of Pope Calixtus III, Isabelle Romée and her two sons appealed for justice concerning Jeanne's case. The Pope authorized the investigation and appointed the judges. The process to right the wrongs done to Jeanne was begun on November 7, 1455. Isabelle Romée , who was now somewhere between sixty and seventy years old, her two sons and a group of friends from Orleans, came to the Cathedral of Notre-Dame.

The Trial of Nullification or Rehabilitation The Case was solemnly opened on November 7th, 1455, in the Church of Notre Dame at Paris. :

The Trial of Nullification or Rehabilitation The Case was solemnly opened on November 7th, 1455, in the Church of Notre Dame at Paris. Tearfully and filled with emotion, Isabelle approached the Pope's representative judges and began to recite her request for justice for her daughter.

The Trial of Nullification or Rehabilitation The Case was solemnly opened on November 7th, 1455, in the Church of Notre Dame at Paris. :

The Trial of Nullification or Rehabilitation The Case was solemnly opened on November 7th, 1455, in the Church of Notre Dame at Paris. Jeanne's mother, Isabelle Romée : "I had a daughter born in lawful wedlock who grew up amid the fields and pastures. I had her baptized and confirmed and brought her up in the fear of God…

The Trial of Nullification or Rehabilitation The Case was solemnly opened on November 7th, 1455, in the Church of Notre Dame at Paris. :

The Trial of Nullification or Rehabilitation The Case was solemnly opened on November 7th, 1455, in the Church of Notre Dame at Paris. I taught her respect for the traditions of the Church as much as I was able to do given her age and simplicity of her condition. I succeeded so well that she spent much of her time in church and after having gone to confession she received the sacrament of the Eucharist every month. Because the people suffered so much, she had a great compassion for them in her heart and despite her youth she would fast and pray for them with great devotion and fervor. She never thought, spoke or did anything against the faith.

The Trial of Nullification or Rehabilitation The Case was solemnly opened on November 7th, 1455, in the Church of Notre Dame at Paris. :

The Trial of Nullification or Rehabilitation The Case was solemnly opened on November 7th, 1455, in the Church of Notre Dame at Paris. Certain enemies had her arraigned in a religious trial. Despite her disclaimers and appeals, both tacit and expressed, and without any help given to her defense, she was put through a perfidious, violent, iniquitous and sinful trial. The judges condemned her falsely, damnably and criminally, and put her to death in a cruel manner by fire. For the damnation of their souls and in notorious, infamous and irreparable loss to me, Isabelle, and mine... I demand that her name be restored." Overcome with grief, she had to be escorted to the sacristy of the cathedral and thus began Jeanne's Trial of Nullification.

The Trial of Nullification or Rehabilitation The Case was solemnly opened on November 7th, 1455, in the Church of Notre Dame at Paris. :

The Trial of Nullification or Rehabilitation The Case was solemnly opened on November 7th, 1455, in the Church of Notre Dame at Paris. The Court heard the request with some emotion. When Isabelle threw herself at the feet of the Commissioners, showing the Papal Legit Rescript and weeping aloud, while her Advocate, Pierre Maugier , and his assistants prayed for justice for her and for the memory of her martyred daughter, so many of those present joined aloud in the petition, that at last, we are told, it seemed that one great cry for justice broke from the multitude.

Interesting Facts about Joan of Arc:

Interesting Facts about Joan of Arc When King Charles first met Joan he dressed as a courtier to try and fool Joan. Joan, however, immediately approached the king and bowed to him.

Interesting Facts about Joan of Arc:

Interesting Facts about Joan of Arc When Joan traveled she cut her hair and dressed to look like a man.

Interesting Facts about Joan of Arc:

Interesting Facts about Joan of Arc King Charles of France, who Joan had helped to reclaim his throne, did nothing to help her once she was captured by the English.

Interesting Facts about Joan of Arc:

Interesting Facts about Joan of Arc King Charles of France, who Joan had helped to reclaim his throne, did nothing to help her once she was captured by the English.

Interesting Facts about Joan of Arc:

Interesting Facts about Joan of Arc In 1920, Joan of Arc was proclaimed a Saint of the Catholic Church.

Interesting Facts about Joan of Arc:

Interesting Facts about Joan of Arc Her nickname was "The Maid of Orleans".

Interesting Facts about Joan of Arc:

Interesting Facts about Joan of Arc It is said that Joan knew she would be wounded in the Battle of Orleans. She also predicted that something bad would happen at the city of Compiegne where she was captured.

What do French people think of Jeanne d’Arc now?:

What do French people think of Jeanne d’Arc now ? When I say “Joan of Arc”, my father thinks of the liberty of the city of Orleans, of the war of hundred years, and of Luc Besson . By Nathan Luc Besson is a French film director who made a film about Jeanne d’Arc. He is also the one who directed « the 5th element » or « Arthur and the Minimoys ». Milla Jovovitch was Jeanne in the film.

What do French people think of Jeanne d’Arc now? By Amélie L.:

What do French people think of Jeanne d’Arc now ? By Amélie L. « Woman in armor , wars … » Chloé “The crazy girl, burned at the stake.” Charlotte « Pyre , rebel , revolution ... » Isabelle « Pyre , armor , warrior , Orleans , medieval times, horses , prison, movie ... » Nathalie Patrice: “England, wars, homeland, king, Orleans, woman, trials, church ...” Amélie : “Pyre, wars, warrior, revolution, movie, short hair, horse, castle”

Jeanne d’Arc in movies:

Jeanne d’Arc in movies Javier Téllez Renée Falconetti as Joan D'Arc. Film still from Carl Th Dreyer's La passion de Jeanne D'Arc, 1927-1928

Jeanne d’Arc in movies:

Jeanne d’Arc in movies Actress Jean Seberg plays Joan of Arc in the 1957 Otto Preminger film “Saint Joan”.

Jeanne d’Arc in movies:

Jeanne d’Arc in movies The Trial Of Joan Of Arc ( Bresson , 1962)

Jeanne d’Arc in movies:

Jeanne d’Arc in movies The Trial Of Joan Of Arc ( Bresson , 1962)

Jeanne d’Arc in movies:

Jeanne d’Arc in movies The messenger (Luc Besson , 1999)

Jeanne d’Arc in movies:

Jeanne d’Arc in movies Joan Of Arc (TV, 1999)

This work was created by pupils from Collège Paul Langevin in Sainte-Savine 4°3- schoolyear 2012-2013:

This work was created by pupils from Collège Paul Langevin in Sainte-Savine 4°3- schoolyear 2012-2013 For the etwinning project Folk Heroes

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