Sociology and the Study of Medicine

Views:
 
Category: Education
     
 

Presentation Description

Foundations of Sociology of Medicine

Comments

Presentation Transcript

Sociology and the Study of Medicine:

1 Sociology and the Study of Medicine Sociologists do not define true health, rather they analyze the effects that people’s ideas of health and illness have on their lives. The poor often receive second rate medical care. Skyrocketing costs have created dilemmas. Illness and health are related to cultural beliefs, lifestyle, and social class. Medicine - a society’s standard ways of dealing with illness and injury.

PowerPoint Presentation:

© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

The Symbolic Interactionist Perspective:

3 The Symbolic Interactionist Perspective How culture influences the definition of health and illness is at the heart of the this perspective People are labeled as “crazy” or “normal” according to cultural guidelines. Sickness and health are not absolutes, but are matters of definition.

The Functionalist Perspective:

4 The Functionalist Perspective If society is to function well, its people need to be healthy enough to perform their normal roles. Societies must set up ways to control sickness. This is done through a system of medical care.

The Conflict Perspective:

5 The Conflict Perspective The primary focus of conflict theorists of how people struggle over scarce resources. Those nations that industrialized first obtained power that enabled them to dominate. This also led to a stratification of medical care. Stratification also determines what diseases we get.

Historical Patterns of Health:

Historical Patterns of Health Physical Health Leading Causes of Death Were Americans Healthier in Past? Mental Health Americans today are physically healthier than earlier generations; can’t make comparisons With mental health © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Historical Patterns of Health:

7 Historical Patterns of Health Epidemiology - the study of how medical disorders are distributed throughout a population. Heart disease and cancer are now the top killers. Most people live longer today that their ancestors, and thus we consider them “healthier.” Diseases that could be controlled if there were more funds are most likely to strike the least industrialized nations

PowerPoint Presentation:

© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Issues in Health Care:

Issues in Health Care Medical Care: Right or Commodity? Skyrocketing Costs Social Inequality Reducing Inequalities: Health Care Reform Malpractice Suits and Defensive Medicine © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Issues in Health Care:

10 Issues in Health Care A major controversy is whether or not medical care is a right or a privilege. If it is a right, then all should have access to good medical care. If a privilege, then the rich have rights to better care than the poor. In the US, Medicine is a commodity In 1960 the average American spent $150.00 on medical care. Today, the average American spends $in the range of 8-9000.00 a year.

PowerPoint Presentation:

© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

PowerPoint Presentation:

© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Issues in Health Care:

Issues in Health Care Medical Incompetence Death by Doctors Using a Checklist Federal Center for Patient Safety Depersonalization: The Medical Cash Machine © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Issues in Health Care:

Issues in Health Care Conflict of Interest Medical Fraud Sexism in Medicine The Medicalization of Society Theoretical Perspectives Medically Assisted Suicide © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Issues in Health Care:

Issues in Health Care Reducing the Costs of Medical Care Diagnosis-Related Groups Pay-as-You-Go Clinics Group Care Dumping Rationing Medical Care © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Issues in Health Care:

16 Issues in Health Care There is an inverse correlation between mental problems and social class. The lower the class, the higher the proportion of mental illness.

PowerPoint Presentation:

© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

PowerPoint Presentation:

© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

PowerPoint Presentation:

19 Figure 19.5 Number of Sick Days Source: By the author. Based on Statistical Abstract 2000: Table 211. Note: Number of days people were so sick or injured that they cut down on their usual activities for more than half a day; includes days off work and school.

Issues In Health Care:

20 Issues In Health Care Depersonalization - the practice of dealing with people as though they were diseases and not individuals. Physicians practice “defensive” medicine to protect themselves from patients in case they are sued.

Threats to Health:

21 Threats to Health AIDS - about 20 million people have died from the disease globally. The hardest hit region of the world in relation to the AIDS epidemic is Africa Alcohol and Drugs The average American consumes 39 gallons of alcoholic beverages per year. Nicotine is the most harmful of all recreational drugs Disabling Environments - those that are harmful to health.

PowerPoint Presentation:

© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

PowerPoint Presentation:

© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

PowerPoint Presentation:

© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

PowerPoint Presentation:

© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

PowerPoint Presentation:

© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

PowerPoint Presentation:

© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

PowerPoint Presentation:

© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

The Search for Alternatives:

29 The Search for Alternatives One alternative may be to switch the emphasis from treatment to prevention. Many threats to health are preventable. Instead of focusing on treating disease, medicine could make “wellness” its goal.

The Future of Medicine:

30 The Future of Medicine We can expect the U.S. to continue its fee for service. We will see even more women enter the medical field. The search for alternative medicine will become even more popular. Alcohol and drugs will continue to be abused.

The Medicalization of Society:

31 The Medicalization of Society Medicalization - the process of turning something that was not previously considered a medical issue into a medical matter. Examples include balding and plastic surgery.

PowerPoint Presentation:

© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

authorStream Live Help