Plagiarism, Paraphrasing, and Citing Sources

Category: Education

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This presentation explains how to avoid plagiarism by correctly paraphrasing and quoting from original sources and accurately citing these sources.


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Plagiarism Paraphrasing and Citing Sources:

Plagiarism Paraphrasing and Citing Sources Lisa Ann Rodriguez, Ph.D. 2012

What is plagiarism?:

What is plagiarism? Using someone else’s ideas Writing Artwork Speech and saying that you made it up. It is STEALING Computers and the ability to copy and paste (rather than having to retype things) makes it easy to plagiarize but it is still wrong .

Why should you NOT plagiarize?:

Why should you NOT plagiarize? It’s dishonest and bad. It’s illegal You can’t take pride in work that is not yours. People will disrespect you if they know you have done it. If you do it in school you can get expelled. In college, you can be kicked out, and they will not give you your money back.

Examples of plagiarism:

Examples of plagiarism There are two species of marine otter, the North Pacific sea otter and the South American marine otter. The North Pacific sea otter is one of the largest mustelids. Males can grow to almost 5 feet (1.5 meters) in length and weight up to 1009 pounds (45 kilograms). Females are slightly small. This otter has thick fur that is dark brown, sometimes almost black, with white hairs blended in.; It has white whiskers on its face. When not in a hurry, North Pacific sea otters often swim on their backs. They float that way, too, while using their bellies for tables. Sea otters are the heaviest members of the weasel family, but among the smallest marine mammals. Unlike most marine mammals, the sea otter's primary form of insulation is an exceptionally thick coat of fur, the densest in the animal kingdom. Although it can walk on land, the sea otter lives mostly in the ocean. I typed the top part of this exactly as written in The New Book of Knowledge, and copied and pasted the second paragraph from Wikipedia - . By the way, Wikipedia is useful, but should never be used as a source to be cited in your reports because it’s not always credible . Credible – believable or trustworthy *Important*


Paraphrasing Even when you honestly cite your sources, most of the writing should be in your own words . When you learn new information from other sources, you should make notes and then write in your own words, combining the information from all the different sources. Even though it’s in your own words, you must cite the source where you learned it from.

Example of paraphrasing process:

Example of paraphrasing process Take notes (not full sentences) from the sources: 2 kinds of sea otter North Pacific South American North Pacific sea otter biggest males – 5 feet, 100 pounds females smaller Dark brown or black fur White hairs White whiskers Swim and float on backs Bellies = tables Heaviest type of weasel Smallest kind of marine mammal Insulation = thick fur (What is insulation??) Can walk on land, but lives in water The New Book of Knowledge. (2007). Volume 14, p. 252. Scholastic Library Publishing: New York. Wikipedia. (2012). Retrieved from . in·su·la·tion /ˌ ɪnsəˈleɪʃən , ˌ ɪnsyə -/ Show Spelled[in- suh - ley - shuhn , ins- yuh -] Show IPA noun 1. material used for insulating . 2. the act of insulating . 3. the state of being insulated . in·su·late / ˈɪnsəˌleɪt, ˈɪnsyə- / Show Spelled [ in -s uh -leyt, ins -y uh - ] Show IPA verb (used with object), -lat·ed, -lat·ing. 1. to cover, line , or separate with a material that prevents or reduces the passage, transfer, or leakage of heat, in·su·late /ˈ ɪnsəˌleɪt , ˈ ɪnsyə -/ Show Spelled[in- suh - leyt , ins- yuh -] Show IPA verb (used with object), - lat·ed , - lat·ing . 1. to cover, line , or separate with a material that prevents or reduces the passage, transfer, or leakage of heat,

Paraphrasing Process (continued):

Paraphrasing Process (continued) Use your notes to write the information in your own words. Make sure to cite the source where you learned the information. In-text citation – after you say something, put the author and the year in parenthesis before the period at the end of your sentence. You only have to cite the source once….not every sentence, unless you change sources. Then if you mention the first one again, you have to cite it again. Reference page – List all the sources you used in your paper.

Correct Paraphrasing Example:

Correct Paraphrasing Example Sea otters are a kind of weasel and they are also marine mammals. They are the biggest kind of weasel, but the smallest kind of marine mammal (Wikipedia, 2012). There are two kinds of sea otters. The North Pacific one is the biggest, and the South American kind is smaller. North Pacific male sea otters can be about five feet and weigh 100 pounds, and the females are smaller (The New Book of Knowledge, 2007). They have thick fur that is usually dark brown or black. Their thick fur insulates them by keeping their heat inside their bodies (Wikipedia, 2012). Sea otters swim and float on their backs a lot (The New Book of Knowledge, 2007). They use their bellies like a table to set their food . They can walk on the ground, but they live in the water (Wikipedia, 2012).

Photos and Pictures:

Photos and Pictures You even need to cite your sources for photos and pictures. (David Menke , 2012)


Turnitin Turnitin is a tool to check work for plagiarism. The score given by Turnitin shows how much of the work is identical to other sources. The score should be 15% or less, meaning that 85% of the paper is in your own words. Teachers use Turnitin to check their students’ work. It makes it very EASY for teachers to catch you if you plagiarize.



Direct Quotations:

Direct Quotations When you include a direct quotation , you must enclose it in quotation marks, and follow it with the author, date, and page or paragraph number in parenthesis. Example : “Otters sometimes float in forests of kelp, or giant seaweed, in which they entangle themselves to provide anchorage in the swirling sea” (National Geographic, 2007, par. 2).

Knowing if something is plagiarized:

Knowing if something is plagiarized Not only do teachers have tools like Turnitin to catch plagiarism, they can tell when something is not in students’ own words. One clue is when students write words they don’t even understand or write in a way they don’t talk. See part of the otter report as an example:

PowerPoint Presentation:

Here is how the people at National Geographic write. The parts in red do NOT sound like a kid! Sea otters like to float at the water's surface , lying on their backs in a posture of serene repose . They sleep this way, often gathered in groups . Otters sometimes float in forests of seaweed , in which they entangle themselves to provide anchorage in the swirling sea . If a kid wrote it, it would sound like this: Sea otters like to float on their backs on top of the water. They feel nice and peaceful this way. They sleep this way, floating on their backs, sometimes together with a lot of other otters. Sometimes they float in seaweed so they can tie themselves to it and not float away into the ocean when it’s stormy.

Reference List :

Reference List The last page of your report should be the Reference Page. You should type References at the top and then list all your sources below, including the author’s name, year, title, and publishing company or website. You put the list in alphabetical order by author’s last name.

Reference List :

Reference List References Alaska Sea Otter & Steller Sea Lion Commission. (2005). Retrieved from . Menke , D. (2012). U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. National Geographic. (2007). Sea Otter. Retrieved from .

Websites about Plagiarism:

Websites about Plagiarism Free Plagiarism Checker – like Turnitin . You can put your own papers through. The full version requires a monthly fee. Avoiding Plagiarism - UC Riverside Avoiding Plagiarism - U of Indiana

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