VOLATILE OILS - PHARMACOGNOSY

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VOLATILE OILS - PHARMACOGNOSY

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PHARMACOGNOSY :

PHARMACOGNOSY VOLATILE OILS Dr.V.Kiran kumar , M.Pharm,Ph.D PGDBT,PGDHHM,PGDCAQM UNITY COLLEGE OF PHARMACY Raigir (V), Bhongir (M), Nalgonda (D),AP. India. E-mail : drkiranpharmacy@gmail.com

MENTHA:

MENTHA 1. B.S : Mentha piperita 2. F : Lamiaceae 3. C.C : It contain Volatile oils. The important chemical constituents are, Menthol Menthone Cineole, Menthofuran . 4. Uses : Cold, Cough, Stimulant .

CORIANDER:

CORIANDER 1. B.S : Coriandrum sativum 2. F : Umbelliferae 3. C.C : It contain Volatile oils. The important chemical constituents are, Coriandrol , Geraniol , Carvone , Anethole . 4. Uses : Carminative, Flavouring agent, Stimulant.

T.S OF CORIANDER FRUIT:

T.S OF CORIANDER FRUIT

CINNAMON:

CINNAMON 1. B.S : Cinnamomum zeylanicum 2. F : Lauraceae 3. C.C : It contain Volatile oils. The important chemical constituents are, Cinnamaldehyde , Eugenol , Benzaldehyde , Phellandrene . 4 . Uses : Carminative , Stomachic, Asrtingent , Flavouring agent, Spice.

T.S OF CINNAMON BARK:

T.S OF CINNAMON BARK

LEMON OIL:

LEMON OIL 1. B.S : Citrus limonis 2. F : Rutaceae 3. C.C : It contain Volatile oils . The important chemical constituents are, Limonene, Citral , Citric acid, Terpeneol , Geranyl acetate. 4. Uses : Used as Carminative, Flouring agent, Perfume agent. Source of Vitamin-C.

NUTMUG:

NUTMUG 1. B.S : Myristica fragrans 2. F : Myristicaceae 3. C.C : It contain Volatile oil. The important chemical constituents are, Myristicin , Elimicin , Saffrole , Palmitic acid, Oliec acid,Terpeniol . 4. Uses : Used as Carminative, Aromatic, Stimulant, Used in Soaps Preparation, Used in Rheumatism.

EUCALYPTUS:

EUCALYPTUS 1. B.S : Eucalyptus globulus 2. F : Myrtaceae 3. C.C : It contain Volatile oils. The important chemical constituents are, Eucalyptin , Cineole, Pinene , Geraniol , Thymol , Linalool, Rutin , Quercetin . 4. Uses : Used in All Respiratory Diseases. Used in Cough, Cold, Swine flu, Asthma, Sinusitis, Bronchitis, TB, Tonsillitis.

GINGER:

GINGER 1. B.S : Zingiber officinale 2. F : Zingiberaceae 3. C.C : It contain Volatile oils. The important chemical constituents are, Gingerol , Citral , Camphene, Pinene , Phellandrene , Valine , Leucine , Zinc, Mg, P, Al. 4. Uses : Used in  Respiratory Diseases. Ex:- Cough, Cold, Swine flu, Asthma, Sinusitis, Bronchitis .  in Heart Diseases. Ex:- Prevent Heart Attacks, Regulates Blood circulation.  In GIT (Gastro Intestinal Tract) Diseases. Ex:- Ulcers, Vomiting, Digestion, Diarrhea, Hepatitis.  In Psychological Depression .

CARDAMOM:

CARDAMOM 1. B.S : Elettaria cardamomum 2. F : Zingiberaceae 3. C.C : It contain Volatile oil. The important chemical constituents are, Pinene , Limonene, Phellandene , Cineole, Terpenene , Cymene, Linalool,Terpeniol . 4. Uses : Used as a Flavouring agent, in Nausea & Vomiting, for Digestion.

TULSI:

TULSI 1. B.S : Ocimum sanctum 2. F : Labiatae 3. C.C : It contain Volatile oil. The important chemical constituents are, Eugenol , Carvacrol , Caryophyllin , Vit -C, Maleic acid, Citric acid. 4. Uses : Used as Stimulant, Aromatic, Good Immuno-Modulatory Drug , Antibacterial, Insecticidal, Spasmolytic , Anticatarrhal , to cure Ear-ache, Cough & Cold, in Skin diseases, & for Digestion.

LEMON GRASS:

LEMON GRASS 1. B.S : Cymbopogan flexuousus 2. F : Graminae 3. C.C : It contain Volatile oil. The important chemical constituents are, Citral , Methylheptenol , Nerol , Citronellal, Dipentene , Geraniol . 4. Uses : Used as Flavouring agent, Perfumery. From Citral , β - ionine is prepared. From β - ionine , Vitamin-A is prepared.

FENNEL:

FENNEL 1. B.S : Foeniculum vulgare 2. F : Umbelliferae 3. C.C : It contain Volatile oil. The important chemical constituents are, Fenchone , Anethole , Phellandrene , Limonene, Methyl chavicol , Anisic aldehyde . 4. Uses : Carminative, Aromatic, Stimulant, Expectorant, & Flavouring agent.

T.S OF FENNEL FRUIT:

T.S OF FENNEL FRUIT

BLACK PEPPER:

BLACK PEPPER 1. B.S : Piper nigrum 2. F : Piperaceae 3. C.C : It contain Volatile oil. The important chemical constituents are, Piperine , Phellandrene , Caryophylline . 4. Uses : Stomachic, Stimulant, Aromatic, Carminative, Stimulates Taste Buds, Spice, Condiment.

CARAWAY:

CARAWAY 1. B.S : Carum carvi 2. F : Umbelliferae 3. C.C : It contain Volatile oil. The important chemical constituents are, Carvone , Limonene, Carvocrol . 4. Uses : Stimulant, Aromatic, Carminative, Spice, Flavouring agent in Bread, Biscuits, Cheese, Cakes.

CUMIN:

CUMIN 1. B.S : Cuminum cyminum 2. F : Umbelliferae 3. C.C : It contain Volatile oil. The important chemical constituents are, Cuminaldehyde , Phellandrene , Cuminine , Pinene . 4. Uses : Stimulant, Aromatic, Carminative, Spice, in Diarrhoea , Dyspepsia.

DILL:

DILL 1. B.S : Anethum graveolens 2. F : Umbelliferae 3. C.C : It contain Volatile oil. The important chemical constituents are, Carvone , Limonene, Phellandrene , and other terpenes . 4. Uses : Stimulant, Aromatic, Carminative. In Gastric Disturbances of Infants & Children. In the Preparation of Gripe Water.

CLOVE:

CLOVE 1. B.S : Eugenia caryophyllus 2. F : Myrtaceae 3 . C.C : It contain Volatile oil. The important chemical constituents are, Eugenol, Caryophyllenes, Eugenin, Chromone, Esters, Ketones & Alcohols. 4. Uses : Dental analgesic, Stimulant , Aromatic, Carminative, Antiseptic, as Flavouring agent, in Perfumes.

T.S OF CLOVE:

T.S OF CLOVE

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