BREAST FEEDING

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BREAST FEEDING : 

BREAST FEEDING BREAST FEEDING

PHYSIOLOGY OF LACTATION : 

PHYSIOLOGY OF LACTATION During pregnancy : Increase levels of - estrogen. - progesterone. - prolactin. result in maturation of the mammary glands and formation of the milk.

Prolactin & Formation Of Milk : 

Prolactin & Formation Of Milk

Let – Down Reflex : 

Let – Down Reflex It the reflex initiated by the child suckling induces the secretion of the oxytocin which result in contraction of the smooth muscle around the alveoli and secretion of the milk.

Milk & Colostrum : 

Milk & Colostrum Colostrums is the secretion produced in the first 3 to 5 days, lemon yellow in color, followed by transitional milk and at the 10th day the milk is produced.

Milk & Colostrums Composition : 

Milk & Colostrums Composition Milk: - Proteins (1 gm/100ml) rich in Ig, lactoferrin, lysozymes. - Fats (3.8 gm/100ml) high cholesterol, facilitate mylenation of CNS.

Milk & Colostrum Composition : 

- CHO ( lactose 7 gm/100ml) galactose for CNS development. - Minerals (0.2 gm/100ml) - Vit ( more A, D, C, E) Milk & Colostrum Composition

Milk & Colostrum Composition : 

Milk & Colostrum Composition Colostrum: - Proteins (2.7gm/100ml) high Ig A. - Fat (2.9gm/100ml) - CHO (5.3 gm/100ml) - Minerals (0.5 gm/100ml) - Rich in Vit A than milk.

Comparison Between Human & Cow Milk : 

Comparison Between Human & Cow Milk HUMAN Proteins(1g/100ml) - no beta lactoglobulin - rich in Ig, lactoferrin, lysozymes. Fats(3.9g/100ml) - high cholesterol - high USEFA COW Proteins(3.3g/100ml) - beta lactoferrin - smaller amount Fats(3.8g/100) - less cholesterol - less USEFA.

Comparison Between Human & Cow Milk : 

Comparison Between Human & Cow Milk CHO - lactose(7g/100ml) Minerals(0.2g/100ml) - less liability to hypertonic dehydration - Ca/Ph ratio=1.5/1 Vit(A,D,E,C,B3 ) CHO - lactose(4.5g/100ml Minerals(0.8g/100ml) - liable to hypertonic dehydration - Ca/Ph ratio= 1/1 Vit(K,B2,B6,B12)

Technique of Breast Feeding : 

Technique of Breast Feeding 1- preparation of the mother: *Education. *good health & nutrition. *avoid drugs interfere with feeding. 2- Early initiation of breast feeding. 3- Positioning of the child *close, well supported, neck strait or slightly back. 4- Supporting of the breast. 5- Using of both breasts.

Technique of Breast Feeding : 

Technique of Breast Feeding 6- Continue the feeding till the baby leave the breast spontaneously. 7- Care after feeding. 8- Criteria of adequacy of breast feeding. *infant is calm. *sleeping. *normal stool and urine. 9- Frequency of feeding. 10- Exclusive breast feeding.

Factors Affecting Milk Production & Secretion : 

Factors Affecting Milk Production & Secretion Mechanical: Good sucking & complete empting of the breast. Psychological: crying of the baby and even thinking of feeding him. Maternal nutrition. Drugs

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