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Premium member Presentation Transcript Slide1: 探讨英语基础知识复习的有效性 ——重点词汇、句型的梳理与训练 一、高考对词汇的检测形式 1、辨析能力、语用能力（单项与写作类） 2、词汇障碍（完型与阅读类） 二、重点词汇句型梳理的必要性和可能性 严峻的现状（低效） 合作交流（希望） 三、梳理的内容与范围？ 1、重点？ （短语、动词、少量名词与形容词） 2、基点？ （考纲、近几年高考题、课本）Slide2: 四、整理课本中的重点词汇和句型 多少个常用动词短语？ 多少个其它常用短语？ 多少个常用重要句型？Slide3: 初中基础词汇： 短语动词：34 make the bed /catch up with /eat up / use up / fall ill /get back /in /off /on /on with /give up /hand in / out hear from /hold on /hurry up /keep on doing sth. /laugh at / look after / at / for/ up /make a mistake /make a noise /put on / sth down / up get / be ready /take / have a rest /ring up /send for / stop sb. from doing sth. / take down / off/out/away /think about /try on /turn off /take a message for sb. / fall behind / take turns /take one's time /knock into sb. wear out /sell out Slide4: 其它短语：10 at the same time /at work / be away from / day after day /from now on /once upon a time as usual /with one's help /be in surprise /be busy with/doingSlide5: 高一上：32 prefer a to b /go on doing / with sth give one's regards to sb. /change one's mind follow one's instructions /dip into hold up /have difficulty with / (in) doing /see sb. off tie to /obey/break the rules spend ...in doing / on sth./fall off / down cut off /change a. for b. tell lies /be used to doing sth. keep a record of /make plans for take up /take part in /join in / compete in be well thought of make fun of sb. be well received /fight against,for break out,into /break down /consider sb to be. be beaten to death /get along well with ask sb. for sth. Slide6: 其它短语：13 The more, the better. That's easier said than done. tens of thousands of /in one's spare time be of great help / on / over / through the radio at home and abroad / thanks to /a waste of money as follows /at a high price in rows /at one time Slide7: 高一下： 短语动词：41 burn up /be rich / low /high in /put on /lose weight look out /be trapped in /belong to /get close to It is hoped that /call on sb./ Sth. look nice on sb. pay back /be worth /pick up /think of / think about look down upon sb. /come across sb. /praise sb. for sth. give advice on sth. /receive a doctor's degree translate a. into b. /make progress /stand for be made up of /be famous for /be divided into / be full of / be filled with /keep in touch with sb. /go to church play an important part in/feel like doing sth. make a good effort /date from /point out /go against get through /ring sb.back / up /May I have your attention? receive/accept an invitation /be out of breath turn down /ring off /become interested in persuade sb. to do sth. Slide8: 其它短语：14 in the form of scores of /be on fire / catch fire in that case/at present in one's fifties / before long /long before to one's surprise all through the year be in danger/ for free /at breakfast Slide9: 重点句型梳理 1、be doing/ be about to do/ had done…, when… 2、It was (not ) + 时间段+before +一般过去时 过了一段时间就…….. It will (not )be+ 时间段+before +一般现在时 要过一段时间才会… It is/ has been +时间段+ since….. It was +点时间+ when….. It was +时间状语+ that …..（强调句） 3、The +比较级…….，the +比较级……. 4、 n. /adj. / adv. / v. + as / though +主语+谓语 5、 祈使句+ or/otherwise +结果句 或 祈使句+ and +结果句Slide10: 11、倍数表达法：  A + 谓语+倍数+the +n.(size/ height/ length……)+of B  A + 谓语+倍数+as + abj. + as B  A + 谓语+倍数+adj. 比较级+than Bà A + 谓语+adj. 比较级 +than B+by+倍数 12、 with 的复合结构（作状语或作定语） 13、the moment, the minute, immediately, directly, on doing… 表示“一….就” 14、What do you think of……? How do you find……? How do you like…..? 15、 What is/was………like? Slide11: 五、重点词汇句型梳理策略 1、重视一词多义 （charge/ fail/fix/hit…) 2、重视近义词、同一词的辨析 historic / historical / electric / electrical accept receive / agree on ； agree to ； agree with /almost nearly / any one / anyone as when while ask about； ask after； ask for / at a time； at one time ；at the time beat hit strike / besides, except, except for bring carry fetch take Slide12: 3、话题词群发散法 （集中识词） 田径: track&field sprint/middle-distance/long run 短跑/中/长距离跑 marathon 马拉松 relay race;relay 接力 hurdles;hurgle race 跨栏 walking;walking race 竞走 steeplechase 障碍赛 high jump 跳高 pole jump;pole vault 撑竿跳高 long jump 跳远 high skip and jump 三级跳 shot put 推铅球 discus 铁饼 golf 高尔夫球 hockey 曲棍球 volleyball 排球 badminton 羽毛球 table tennis 乒乓球 baseball 棒球 basketball 篮球 football/soccer 足球 tennis 网球 rugby 橄榄球 handball 手球 water polo 水球 拳击：boxing 跳水：diving 滑冰: ice skating figure skating 花样滑冰 摔跤: wrestling Slide13: 2008夏季奥运会2008 summer Olympics 国际奥委会the International Olympic Committee (IOC) 申办2008年奥运会bid for 2008 Olympics 北京奥申委Beijing 2008 Olympic Games Bidding Committee (BOBICO) 主办2008年奥运会host the 2008 Olympic Games 奥林匹克精神the Olympic ideals; the Olympic spirit 世界奥林匹克日the International Olympic Day 环境保护 protect the environment 城市基础设施建设the city's infrastructure construction 绿色奥运the Green Olympics 科技奥运the Scientific Games 闭路电视close-circuit television 友好大使the Goodwill Ambassador 长跑a long-distance running 世界大学生运动会the UniversiadeSlide14: 4、阅读巩固法 精选难度适中、内容新颖有趣的材料，凸现重点词汇和句型的用法。 Our life is nothing more than our time. To kill time is therefore a form of suicide. We are shocked when we think of death, and we spare no pains, no trouble and no expense to preserve life. But we are too often indifferent to the loss of an hour or of a day, forgetting that our life is the sum total of the days and of the hours we live. Our life is a brief span measuring some 70 or 80 years in all. But some years has to be spent in sleep, over meals, making journeys, merry making… Slide15: 5、句子、片段、短文填空法 Recently we have had a h_______ discussion on whether people should keep pets at home in cities. Some students think it’s a good idea to keep pets because old people who live a_______ at home can get some comfort from pets.. Besides, g_______ along well with animals will make our life interesting. On the other hand, other students are a______ the idea. In their opinion, if too many people keep pets at home, it is bad for the e_______. What is worse, pets may make too much noise and even attack people.Slide16: 6、写作应用法 利用写作考察、检测、巩固词汇的用法 根据下列图示以 “The New Grading System in Our School”为题为你校英语报写一篇短文,说明这一举措以及你对学校实施这一举措的认识.要求: 1.词数 100字左右, 已给出部分不包括在内.生词: 评分体制grading system 参与participation（n.） ① tests ② notes ③ homework ④ class participation ⑤ team work Slide17: the grading system final score develop their abilities chart be made up of 30% test results the rest of the score performances of the students take an active part in classroom activities, Teamwork in class a higher score be good at working togetherSlide18: 7、好词、好句积累法 1）It’s well known to us that … 2）As is known to us, … 3）This is a topic that is being widely talked about. 4）From the graph （table、chart） listed above, it can be seen that … 5）As a proverb goes, “Where there is a will, there is a way． 6）As far as I know, … As far as I am concerned, … 8) As long as you try , you will 9) There is no doubt that….. 10) Believe it or not, Slide19: 8、词汇分级，因词施教（常用词与不常用词） Come: 1. Can you tell me how the accident comes about?（发生) 2. He spoke for a long time but his meaning did not really come across.（弄明白） I came across an old friend in the street this morning.（偶然遇到） 3. The plaster had started to come away from the wall.（脱落） 4. Miniskirts are starting to come back..（重新流行） 5. The ceiling came down. We were force to come down in a field.（降落） The price of petrol is coming down.（下降） 6. Come on, we’ll be late for the theatre.（加油；快点！） 7. I came on/upon a child playing in the street.（偶然遇见） 8. The rain stopped and the sun came out.（露出，出现）Slide20: Take: 1. Our hometown has taken on a new look.（呈现） 2. The plane has taken off.（起飞） He took off his coat.（脱掉） 3. The new manager took over the company.（接管） 4. The table took up too much room.（占据） Take up a gun.（拿起） Take up the work as a teacher.（从事） He takes up golf.（以---作为消遣） 5. I took back what I said.（收回） The store has token the goods back. （同意退货） The smell took me back to my childhood.使---回想） 6. Please don’t take the books away from the library.（拿走） The doctor gave her some medicine to take away the pain.使----消失） 7. Take down the picture from the wall.（取下） Take down a tent/gate.（拆除）Slide21: 9、集中识字法（专项词汇教学） 以若干词汇、句型的掌握位目标，采用多样的教学方法，在一段时间内使学生掌握目标词汇的基本用法。 10. 及时检测、反馈 扎实、细致、坚持不懈。 Slide22: 词汇句型训练策略 A：多样化法（拼写、填词、完型、补全、翻译、 英语解释、片段描述、口语与书面结合等 B：反复复现法（在不同情境下反复复现、不断重 复，强化巩固）。 Slide23: 重点词汇句型梳理应牢记： 原则1：学而必会，会而必用。 原则2：及时归纳、整理。 原则3：突出重点、要点。 原则4：学的轻松，掌握的牢固。 You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.