Ergonomic Basic

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Presentation Transcript

Ergonomic Delegate Basic Training: 

Ergonomic Delegate Basic Training The WISHA Rule & The City Plan

Topics: 

Topics Ergonomics Defined WISHA Ergo Rule City’s Plan for Compliance Your Role

Ergonomic: 

Ergonomic Ergon – Nomus (work) – (natural law) Greek Translation

Ergonomics includes: 

Ergonomics includes Anthropometry Human Factors Engineering Bio-Mechanics Occupational Therapy Ergonomics

Ergonomics includes: 

Ergonomics includes Anthropometry Human Factors Engineering Bio-Mechanics Occupational Therapy Ergonomics

Ergonomics includes: 

Ergonomics includes Anthropometry Human Factors Engineering Bio-Mechanics Occupational Therapy Ergonomics

Ergonomics includes: 

Ergonomics includes Anthropometry Human Factors Engineering Bio-Mechanics Occupational Therapy Ergonomics

Ergonomics includes: 

Ergonomics includes Anthropometry Human Factors Engineering Bio-Mechanics Occupational Therapy Ergonomics

Ergonomics includes: 

Ergonomics includes Anthropometry Human Factors Engineering Bio-Mechanics Occupational Therapy Ergonomics

Definition of ergonomics: 

Definition of ergonomics Ergonomics is the science and practice of designing jobs and workplaces to match the capabilities and limitations of the human body. Ergonomics means “fitting the job to the worker”

Work Related Muscular Skeletal Disorders (WMSD’s): 

Work Related Muscular Skeletal Disorders (WMSD’s) Cumulative Trauma Disorders (CTD) Repetitive Trauma Disorders (RTD) Repetitive Strain Injuries (RSI) Repeated Motion Disorders (RMD Overuse Syndrome

WMSDs Injuries Show Up Everywhere: 

WMSDs Injuries Show Up Everywhere Hands , wrists, elbows and shoulders Back and neck Hips, knees and ankles Muscle Strains Tendonitis Bursitis Low Back Pain Carpal Tunnel Reynauds Syndrome

Slide13: 

Muscles Tendons Ligaments Bones Nerves Blood Vessels Disks

Physical Risk Factors: 

Physical Risk Factors Repetition Static Loading or Sustained Exertions Awkward Postures Mechanical Contact Stress Force Vibration Temperature

Physical Risk Factors: 

Physical Risk Factors Repetition Static Loading or Sustained Exertions Awkward Postures Mechanical Contact Stress Force Vibration Temperature

The WISHA Ergonomic Rule: 

The WISHA Ergonomic Rule

Ergo Rule Timeline: 

Ergo Rule Timeline

Two Pathways to Compliance: 

Two Pathways to Compliance General Performance Approach Specific Performance Approach

General Performance Approach: 

General Performance Approach Analyze Caution Zone Jobs Use a Systematic Evaluation Method Job Strain Index (JSI) NIOSH Lift Equation Etc... Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA) Provide Training on Methods & Rule Reduce WMSD hazards below Standard Level Provide Awareness & Job specific Training

Specific Performance Approach: 

Specific Performance Approach Analyze Caution Zone Jobs Use Appendix B Evaluation method Provide Training on Appendix B & Rule Reduce WMSD hazards below Appendix B Levels Provide Awareness & Job specific Training

“Caution Zone” Jobs: 

“Caution Zone” Jobs Specific Physical Risk Factors are part of the regular and foreseeable work. Occur more than 1 day per week Occur more frequently than 1 week per year Duration is the “actual” exposure time

Specific Risk Factors: 

Specific Risk Factors Awkward Posture High Hand Force Highly Repetitive Motion Repeated Impact Heavy, Frequent or Awkward Lifting Moderate to High Hand - Arm Vibration

Ergonomics Rule: Major features: 

Ergonomics Rule: Major features Do you have “caution zone” jobs? Reduce exposure below the hazard level or to the degree feasible No additional requirements Not covered No requirements Yes Hazards present No No hazards present Annual Review of Activities & Three Year Training Cycle Two requirements: Awareness education Evaluate “caution zone jobs” for hazards

Special Considerations: 

Special Considerations Reduce below the “Hazard Level” or to the degree technologically and economically feasible “Caution Zone” Jobs are not prohibited, but require training The rule calls for employee involvement Ergonomic Awareness Training is portable for employees There is no record keeping

What Training Must Include: 

What Training Must Include Work Related Causes of WMSDs Types, Symptoms and Effects of WMSDs Importance of early reporting of WMSDs How to Identify WMSD Hazards & Methods to reduce them The requirements of the Washington Ergonomic Rule

Ahhh, Compliance…: 

Ahhh, Compliance… Hazard/Caution Zone Jobs Have Been Evaluated Risk Factors Have Been Reduced Awareness Training is Completed Annual Review of Ergonomic Activities (Collected & Archived every August) Training Updates Every 3 Years Continue with…

Questions about the rule?: 

Questions about the rule?

The City’s Plan: 

The City’s Plan

Risk Managements Role: 

Risk Managements Role Help you to interpret and understand the rule. Coordinate the City’s efforts Provide training resources Provide support for safe changes

City Ergonomics at a Glance: 

City Ergonomics at a Glance Ten Years of Work Comp Claim Data

Positive Effects of Ergonomics The Win-Win: 

Positive Effects of Ergonomics The Win-Win Reduced Injuries and job related disabilities Increased energy & hourly output Reduced employee absenteeism Fewer disruptions More effective accommodations Reduced turnover Reduced defects / increase in quality Better morale

City Ergonomic Philosophy: 

City Ergonomic Philosophy Best Practices or Excellence Continuous Process Improvement Start early Allow time for capital improvements Raise the skill level of delegates over time Train all Employees Consider all Ergonomic Factors Incorporate ergonomics into daily work life Have good documentation of history & program

We are going to use the Labor & Industry Tools, Forms, and Methods: 

We are going to use the Labor & Industry Tools, Forms, and Methods

The Model Program: 

The Model Program Has Top Mgmt. Participation Has a Company Coordinator Uses a Ergonomic Consultant Has Facility Coordinators - Delegates Has Support & Team Work Safety Captains Accident Investigators Supervisors

The Communication: 

The Communication City Administration Risk Management & Ergo Consultant Ergonomic Delegates Division Heads Managers & Supervisors Employees

Slide36: 

Ergonomic Implementation Consultation by RM Designates Define authority level Draft Designates Train Designates Complete list of Designate Training Basic program, The Law & Our Plan Train the Designate for Employee Presentation & Self Evaluations Assessments & Solutions Training Advanced Ergo Solutions & User Group Job Description Modification Training Ongoing training in Ergo Month - Aug 1 Hr. Basic Ergo for All Employees Employee Self Evaluation Form No Hazard - File Designates Decide CZ or HZ Designates Prioritize HZ Frequent CZ Low CZ Designates Evaluate Propose Fix Make Modifications Liz to work with Consultants & Designates to modify job descriptions On Going Training as a result of Job Description Training & Consultation Provided by Safety Throughout process Liz to communicate to Div.. Heads continually about our corporate progress and level of implementation by department. Train the Designates for Employee Presentation & Self Evaluations Evaluate Budget Impact Assessments & Solutions Advanced Ergo Solutions & User Group Job Description Modification Training Ongoing training & Program review/documentation in Ergo Month - Aug Request Consultation Every three years evaluate jobs that have changed or been added and where injuries have occurred

The Role of an Ergonomic Delegate: 

The Role of an Ergonomic Delegate

What is an Ergonomic Delegate?: 

What is an Ergonomic Delegate? Sparkplug for the program Resource for adjustments & training Contact point for employees w/problems or ideas for improvement Resource for Supervisors and Accident Investigators

Time Commitment: 

Time Commitment 4 Hours of Training over next 12 Mo. Provide information to employees/supervisors Ongoing “User Groups” An interest in keeping up on ergonomic topics .66 hours per employee over next 12 Months

Your Time… What .66 Looks like: 

Your Time… What .66 Looks like Emp. Hr. TTL Hr. 4 X .66 = 2.64 12 X .66 = 7.92 16 X .66 = 10.56 30 X .66 = 19.8 60 X .66 = 39.6 100 X .66 = 66 4 Hours +

Expectations of Delegates: 

Expectations of Delegates Communication Training Prioritizing self-evaluations Recognition of hazards Responding to the hazards Reporting progress

Questions or concerns?: 

Questions or concerns?