Peripheral Vascular Disease

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Peripheral Vascular Disease:

Peripheral V ascular D isease By: Donald Brewer


PERIPHERAL VASCULAR DISEASE The term peripheral vascular disease is commonly used to refer to peripheral artery disease (PAD), meaning narrowing or occlusion by atherosclerotic plaques of arteries outside of the heart and brain.

What causes PVD:

What causes PVD In PVD, blood vessels are narrowed. Narrowing is usually caused by arteriosclerosis. Arteriosclerosis is a condition where plaque builds up inside a vessel. It is also called “hardening of the arteries.” Plaque decreases the amount of blood and oxygen supplied to the arms and legs. The body responds to certain external stimuli by restricting blood flow to the peripheral vessels. The most common causes of functional PVDs are: emotional stress smoking cold temperatures operating vibrating machinery or tools


Incidence Approximately 12 to 20 percent of people over age 65 have PVD . For many people , there are no symptoms of PVD .

How can PVD be prevented?:

How can PVD be prevented? Know your family history of health problems related to P.A.D If you smoke, quit. Smoking is the main risk factor for P.A.D. Your risk of P.A.D. increases four times if you smoke or have a history of smoking. Follow a healthy diet that includes a variety of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. A healthy diet also includes lean meats, poultry, fish, beans, and fat-free or low-fat milk or milk products. A healthy diet is low in saturated fat, trans fat, cholesterol, sodium (salt), and added sugar.



Risk Factors for PDV.:

Risk Factors for PDV. Smoking High blood pressure (hypertension) High cholesterol Diabetes Family history of heart or vascular disease Being overweight Lack of exercise or physical activity Age over 50

Current Treatments:

Current Treatments Antiplatelet medications (such as aspirin and clopidogrel [Plavix ]) make the blood platelets less likely to stick to one another to form blood clots . medications act to prevent blood clotting . Cholesterol-lowering drugs




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