Unit 7 ENVIRONMENT: Unit 7 ENVIRONMENT Leading In: Leading In Environment Meaning 1:
conditions, circumstances, etc affecting
natural conditions, eg land, air and water,
in which we live
Leading In: Leading In 英国最大核电厂被曝放射性物质外泄 污染惊人 Leading In: Leading In Santa Clause is coming out of a chimney. What else comes from a chimney? Leading In: Leading In 1st Period: 1st Period The nature of things---
environmental concerns Setting Goals : Setting Goals In this chapter you will learn how to
identify the purpose of a language task.
express concern and dissatisfaction about
state plans and intentions to solve a problem.
develop realistic plans and prioritize them.
identify contrasting viewpoints. Getting Started: Getting Started What do I think about the topic?
What do I know about the language? Language Learning Strategy: Language Learning Strategy Brainstorming
Step 1: Carry out the learning strategy
Step 2: Determine the benefits of the task
Step 3: Summarize the purpose of the task Language you can use: Language you can use Expressing concern / dissatisfaction
Using new language Listening Task : Listening Task Discussing the Environment
Listen for the 1st time
Listen for the 2nd time Video : Video Viewing Task 1
Watch the video. Try to understand and remember
the following terms.
Golden Gate Bridge Golden Gate straits
rush-hour stuck in traffic
traffic congestion traffic jam In a Traffic Jam Video : Video JAMES HATTORI, HOST
The spectacular1 vermilion2 orange span3 of the Golden Gate
Bridge. Hi, everybody. I'm James Hattori. Welcome to NEXT@
CNN, this week from San Francisco's world famous landmark4,
at the mouth of the Golden Gate straits5. Forty-two million
vehicles a year cross this bridge. That gives you an idea of
the often nightmarish6 traffic drivers face around here. And,
of course, we're not alone. Natalie Pawelski has the numbers
on what it costs Americans to cope with7 rush-hour8 traffic, in
time & money. Viewing Task 2 Video : Video NATALIE PAWELSKI, CNN ENVIRONMENT CORRESPONDENT
If you think traffic is getting worse in your town, you're
TIM LOMAX, TEXAS TRANSPORTATION INSTITUTE
There's a combination of factors. It's the amount of people,
the amount of roadway that is there. It's sort of a demand/
supply relationship. You can think of it that way, and there's
a lot more demand than there is supply. Video : Video PAWELSKI
The annual Urban Mobility Report from the Texas Trans-
portation Institute finds in the average American city
people traveled 85 percent more miles by car in the year
2000 than they did in 1982. And rush hour drivers are
now wasting an average of 62 hours a year stuck9 in traffic.
Now that's not total travel time, that's just the extra time
spent going slow or going nowhere because of traffic
congestion10. Video : Video The study says the worst traffic is in Los Angeles where
the average rush hour driver loses 136 hours a year,
more than three work weeks, to traffic jams11. The runners
up in the time drained category San Francisco, D.C.,
Seattle, Houston, San Jose, Dallas, New York, Atlanta and
Miami where the average rush hour driver loses an extra
69 hours a year stuck in traffic. Video : Video LOMAX
Once you get to a big system, it's difficult to maintain12 the
pace13 of the roadway and transit system development and
you wind up14 falling behind. More congestion is typical in
PAWELSKI (on camera)
The report says traffic jams aren't just annoying15, they are
expensive. For the 75 cities studied, researchers added up16
all the extra time and fuel wasted because of traffic conges-
tion. The price tag17 they figure is almost $68 billion a year. Problem-Solving Activity: Problem-Solving Activity Earth Day Conference
Task 3 2nd Period: 2nd Period Planethood Leading In : Leading In I am a passenger on the spaceship Earth.
---- R. Buckminster Fuller,
Operating Mannual for Spaceship Earth
The nation that destroys its soil destroys itself.
---- Franklin D. Roosevelt,
letter to state governors, February 26, 1937
We have forgotten how to be good guests, how to walk
lightly on the Earth as its other creatures do.
---- Stockholm Conference,
Only One Earth, 1972
Leading In : Leading In In what ways are we humans not “good guests”
who “walk lightly on the Earth”?
How are we destroying the environment?
What can we do to save the environment?
Setting Goals : Setting Goals In this chapter you will learn how to
use ecology-related vocabulary.
use new words as soon and as often as possible.
work with other students to think of solutions to environmental problems. Slide23: Part One
Environmental Problems Slide24: 城市生活垃圾 广东近海污染 Listening Task 1 : Listening Task 1 Helping the Environment
Listen for the 1st time
Listen for the 2nd time Language Learning Strategy: Language Learning Strategy Use new words as soon and as often as possible
Discussion Slide28: Part Two
The Plastic of the Future? 三星开发出全球最大的塑料TFT-LCD显示器: 别小看了这塑料体格 8X光变尼康4800 三星开发出全球最大的塑料TFT-LCD显示器 Listening Task 2: Listening Task 2 One Solution to the Problem of Plastic
Listen for the 1st time: Getting the Main Idea
Listen for the 2nd time: Listening for Reasons Slide34: Part Three
Creative Solutions Listening Task 3: Listening Task 3 Finding Solutions to
Listening for Specific Information
Section 3 Video: Video Precious Water Supply in Jordan HATTORI
In a lot of countries, people have water delivered to their
homes as a luxury1. In the Middle East country of Jordan,
water delivery is a necessity. Richard Roth reports on a
growing nation that has already outstripped2 its water
supply. Video: Video RICHARD ROTH, CNN CORRESPONDENT
Delivery day. Not of a luxury item but a basic necessity of life
water. Tanker drivers rush through the city of Amman with
precious cargo3. Amman is under the most restricted water
controls of any large city in the world.
Residents receive water pumped only once a week by the city. If they want more, they have to buy it. Jordan’s surgeon Saeb Hammoudi provides a nice home for his family of five, along with the maid4. But he still must buy more water from the
government. Video: Video SAEB HAMMOUDI, AMMAN RESIDENT
It’s not enough. Once weekly for a household5, maybe it’s not
enough. We need more than that. But then the government has
to find the water to pump daily.
Many other families in Jordan can’t afford to purchase extra
quantities of water. “Everything involving water is a problem,”
Nasara (ph) says. She saves every drop for cooking and
cleaning in an extended family household of 17 people. Video: Video Even delivering extra water in Jordan is no easy task. Hauling water to a branch of the Bank of Jordan resembles a daring6
daylight robbery7. Leaks in the house, though, are an example of how water is lost due to poor infrastructure.
Finding water in Jordan is like looking for a needle in the
desert. Jordan receives about four inches of rain annually. A
bad drought8 has added to the woes of a dry land.
PROF. ELIAS SALABH, JORDAN UNIVERSITY
We don’t have enough (UNINTELLIGIBLE). The geography
dictates9 whatever water resources we have. Video: Video ROTH
In order to survive, Jordan has had to rely on its neighbors
in what is a tough neighborhood. But hope is not dead. At the
Earth Summit, Jordan and Israel reached an agreement to build a pipeline10 to pump water from the Red Sea in order to save
the Dead Sea, which is rapidly ebbing away. And also,
eventually a dam, similar to this one, to be called the Unity Dam, will be built. Water, the currency11 for a deal between Israel and Jordan, and then providing electricity for Syria. Video: Video But analysts say the struggle for water will continue to be a source of political and economic tensions12, especially in the Middle East.
And Jordan has little to bargain with. Jordan is on a top 10 list it
would rather not be on, among those countries with the least
available amount of water. Twenty-five years ago, the Wahde (ph) River surged through here in the capital. Now it’s all dried up.
Looking into a future that’s not so sunny is Jordan’s minister of
water and irrigation13. He can see rooftops covered not just with satellite dishes, but water storage tanks. And he knows Jordan’s
population will double by the year 2020, far outstripping water
demand and supply. Video: Video
Jordan is working hard to manage the scarcity of water. The
prime minister opened a new multimillion-dollar expanded
sewage treatment center. Turning waste water into a renewable
resource is part of sustaining14 basic needs here. If successful,
something to write home about.
1. What do you think about the water shortage in Jordan?
2. Can you give some suggestions on how to save water?
Love our home: Love our home Cherish what we are given Slide47: Assignment
Preview the next unit.