TRENDS OF URBANIZATION IN PAKISTAN

Views:
 
     
 

Presentation Description

No description available.

Comments

By: crpian (40 month(s) ago)

being student of city and regional planning department, uet lahore this presentation is revelant to my profession it is request if i can be allowed to download this presentation on urbanization.

By: smile_rain (43 month(s) ago)

please allow me to download this presentation. i will be kind for this act of kindness

Presentation Transcript

TRENDS OF URBANIZATION IN PAKISTAN : 

TRENDS OF URBANIZATION IN PAKISTAN NEELAM AZIZ, ANUSHA BATOOL, MARIUM AKRAM, HIRA TANVEER, OMAIRA KHURSHID, SARA KHAN

OUT LINE : 

OUT LINE History of urbanization Reasons of urbanization Consequences of urbanization Remedies

URBANIZATION : 

URBANIZATION Urbanization is a cyclical process through which a nation normally passes as it evolves from an agrarian to an industrial society involving three important aspects. These three are behavior, structure and demography, while as a demographic phenomenon; urbanization is interpreted as a process involving the absolute and relative growth of towns and cities within a defined area

Slide 4: 

. Urbanization refers to the process by which a section of people change from the way of agricultural operations in rural living to an urban sub agricultural life with predominance in secondary and tertiary functions. The current level of urbanization in Pakistan (32.5%) is not high by global standards. This level, however, is the highest among the SAARC countries.

NUMBER OF POPULATION IN 1901-2002 : 

NUMBER OF POPULATION IN 1901-2002

HISTROY OF URBANIZATION : 

HISTROY OF URBANIZATION Beginning of urbanization in 1951 Industrial and commercial expansion in 1961 Migration of people 1972 to larger cities Expenditure of provisional government 1980’s Declaration of 9 cities as million class in 2003

Trend of urbanization in Pakistan 1951-1998 : 

Trend of urbanization in Pakistan 1951-1998

REASONS OF URBANIZATION : 

REASONS OF URBANIZATION PUSHY FACTORS: Rapid population growth Political reasons Feudal system Natural factor as draught or famine unemployment

Slide 9: 

PUSH FACTOR: Medical and educational facilities Better transportation Job opportunities Better living standards Better ambiance

CONSEQUENCES OF URBANIZATION : 

CONSEQUENCES OF URBANIZATION Slums and squatter settlements are springing up at an ever-increasing rate rapid urban expansion is changing the face of the cities

Slide 11: 

Declining environmental quality Modification of microclimate and loss of natural habitat

Slide 12: 

inadequate housing, transportation, public services ( sanitation, education, health), which threaten human health and quality of life

Slide 13: 

Waste disposal deficiencies of food, water, fuel and other basic need

Slide 14: 

Traffic congestion overcrowding; witnessed in schools, colleges, clinics, hospitals, parks and places of public utility

Slide 15: 

Sever degradation of surrounding environment and ecological system of urban hinterlands, excreting heavy demand on their resources; Demographic transformation of migration from rural to urban areas have sever social, economic and environmental consequences high rates of unemployment and related social pathologies, such as crimes

REMEDIES : 

REMEDIES 10 years perspective development plan 2001-2011 & 3 year development programme Establishment of new urban centers, Industrial estates and satellite towns around major cities to disperse rural to urban migration Community participation along with administrative and financial empowerment of local Government Preparation and implementation of updated Master Plans of major cities

Slide 17: 

Incentive packages shall be prepared for local and international investors and developers ensure integrated and cost effective urban development Environmental degradation in urban Pakistan is described and solutions offered for policy changes and changes in design of development projects

Slide 18: 

Government intervention should involve the development of institutional and legal structures for implementing effective pollution control laws and ordinances, the development of skills for evaluation of environmental consequences of development projects, and training in the aforementioned areas