INTERVIEW WITH Dr. APJ ABDUL KALAM

Views:
 
Category: Education
     
 

Presentation Description

No description available.

Comments

Presentation Transcript

INTERVIEW WITH DR. APJ ABDUL KALAM:

INTERVIEW WITH DR. APJ ABDUL KALAM

PRITISH NANDY THE INTERVIEWER:

PRITISH NANDY THE INTERVIEWER

:

MR. NANDY – WHAT’S YOUR VISION OF INDIA IN THE NEXT MILLENIUM?

Dr. Kalam’s First Vision: Freedom:

Dr . Kalam’s First Vision: Freedom In 3000 years of our history, people from all over the world have come and invaded us, captured our lands and conquered our minds . Yet , we have not conquered anyone. Because, we respect the freedom of others, and that is the reason for his first vision of Freedom . India got its first vision of this in the Indian Rebellion in the year 1857, when we started the war of Independence. It is this freedom that we must protect and nurture and build on.

His Second Vision: Development :

His Second Vision: Development We have been a developing nation for fifty years. In terms of GDP, we are among the top five nations of the world. Our poverty levels are falling. Our achievements are being globally recognized today. Yet we lack the self-confidence to see ourselves as a developed nation.

His Third Vision: India must stand up to the World :

His Third Vision: India must stand up to the World India must stand up to the world. Unless India stands up to the world, no one will respect us . Only strength respects strength. We must be strong not only as a military power but also as an economic power. Both must go hand-in-hand.

Slide 11:

MR.NANADY = THESE ARE VISIONS. WHAT ABOUT THE REALITY? WHAT DO YOU SEE AS THE MOST SIGNIFICANT ACHIEVEMENTS OF YOUR RATHER DISTINGUISHED CAREER CULMINATING IN A BHARAT RATNA IN YOUR LIFETIME?

Slide 12:

My good fortune was to have worked with three great minds. Dr. Vikram Sarabhai, of the Dept. of Space, Professor Satish Dhawan , who succeeded him and Dr.Brahm Prakash , father of nuclear material. I was lucky to have worked with all three of them closely and consider this the great opportunity of my life.

FOUR MILESTONES OF MY CAREER:

FOUR MILESTONES OF MY CAREER

ONE:

ONE Twenty years I spent in ISRO. I was given the opportunity to be the project director for India’s first satellite launch vehicle, SLV3 . The one that launched Rohini . These years played a very important role in my life of a scientist. 

SECOND:

SECOND After my ISRO years, I joined ‘Defence Research & Development Organisation’ (DRDO) and got a chance to be the part of India’s guided missile program.  It was my second bliss when Agni met its mission requirements in 1994.

THIRD:

THIRD The Department of Atomic Energy and DRDO had this tremendous partnership in the recent nuclear tests, on May 11 and 13. This was the third bliss. The joy of participating with my team in these nuclear tests and proving to the world that India can make it, that we are no longer a developing nation but one of them .  It made me feel very proud as an Indian.  

FOURTH:

FOURTH The fact that we have now developed for Agni a re-entry structure, for which we have developed this new material . A very light material called carbon-carbon. One day an orthopedic surgeon from Nizam Institute of Medical Sciences visited my laboratory. He lifted the material and found it so light that he took me to his hospital and showed me his patients. There were these little girls and boys with heavy metallic calipers weighing over three kilograms each, dragging their feet around. He said to me: Please remove the pain of my patients. In three weeks, we made these floor reaction orthosis 300-gram calipers and took them to the orthopedic center. The children didn’t believe their eyes. From dragging around a three kg load on their legs, they could now move around! Their parents had tears in their eyes. 

Slide 20:

METAL CAPPILARIES CARBON CAPILLARIES

Slide 21:

MR.NANDY = APART FROM SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY WHAT ELSE INTERESTS YOU?

MY INTERESTS:

MY INTERESTS Poetry and music. I have a big library at at home. My favourite poets are Milton, Walt Whitman and Rabindranath Tagore. I write poetry too. My book of poem Yenudaya Prayana , has now been translated in English. It is called ‘MY JOURNEY’

FAVOURITE POETS IN TAMIL:

FAVOURITE POETS IN TAMIL Bhartidasana Subramaniya Bharathiar I also enjoy C arnatic music and play the veena .

FAVOURITE RAGA AND KIRTAN:

FAVOURITE RAGA AND KIRTAN Shri Raga My favourite kirtan is one of one of Swami Thyagaraja . When he was called by a powerful Tanjore King to sing poem in his sabha . He sang “In this gathering whoever are great in front of god, I salute them.” He never said : I salute the king . That is the strength of conviction. That is courage.

Slide 25:

MR. KALAM = YOU HAVE ASKED ME A LOT OF QUESTIONS. MR.NANDY MAY I ASK YOU TWO?

FIRST QUESTION:

FIRST QUESTION WHY IS THE MEDIA HERE SO NEGATIVE?

The Media’s Obsession with Bad News, Failures and Disasters :

The Media’s Obsession with Bad News, Failures and Disasters Giving the example of   Dr.Sudarshan , who has transferred the tribal village into a self-sustaining, self-driving unit, there are millions of such achievements in India but our media is only obsessed with only the bad news and failures and disasters . In Tel Aviv, where gory killings, deaths and bombardments take place every now and then, the front page of the newspaper had the picture of a Jewish gentleman who in five years had transformed his desert land into an orchid and a granary. It was this inspiring picture that everyone woke up to.

SECOND QUESTION:

SECOND QUESTION WHY ARE WE, AS NATION SO OBSESSED WITH FOREIGN THINGS?

The Nation’s Obsession with Foreign Things:

The Nation’s Obsession with Foreign Things We want foreign TVs, foreign shirts, foreign technology. There is an obsession for everything that is imported. According to Dr.Kalam , self respect comes only with self-reliance.

authorStream Live Help