Internet of Things and its applications

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By: romitp (20 month(s) ago)

Many more applications can be checked at https://data-flair.training/blogs/iot-applications/

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Internet of Things and its applications:

Internet of Things and its applications Pasquale Puzio Sistemi e Reti Wireless a.a. 2010/2011 Università di Bologna

What's Internet of Things:

IoT and its applications What's Internet of Things

Slide3:

IoT and its applications CISCO'S PREVISION In 2008 the number of things connected to the Internet was greater than the people living on Earth. Within 2020 the number of things connected to the Internet will be about 50 billion .

Definition:

IoT and its applications Definition CERP-IOT: Internet of Things (IoT) is an integrated part of Future Internet and could be defined as a dynamic global network infrastructure with self configuring capabilities based on standard and interoperable communication protocols where physical and virtual ‘things’ have identities, physical attributes, and virtual personalities and use intelligent interfaces, and are seamlessly integrated into the information network. In the IoT, ‘things’ are expected to become active participants in business, information and social processes where they are enabled to interact and communicate among themselves and with the environment by exchanging data and information ‘sensed’ about the environment, while reacting autonomously to the ‘real/physical world’ events and influencing it by running processes that trigger actions and create services with or without direct human intervention. Interfaces in the form of services facilitate interactions with these ‘smart things’ over the Internet, query and change their state and any information associated with them, taking into account security and privacy issues.

Features:

IoT and its applications Features Univocally identifiable and addressable objects Artificial Intelligence Architecture Geo-Localization Size Considerations

Tecnologies:

IoT and its applications Tecnologies RFID WiFi IEEE 802.11 Barcode e QR Code ZigBee IEEE 802.15.4 Sensors and smartphones

RFID:

IoT and its applications RFID

RFID:

IoT and its applications RFID Widely used in Transport and Logistics Easy to deploy: RFID tags and RFID readers The communication range and the frequency depends on the type of technology

WiFi:

IoT and its applications WiFi

WiFi:

IoT and its applications WiFi Very common Widely used both in indoor and outdoor environments General purpose Low cost Highly interoperable Maybe not a good solution in some special conditions

Barcode e QR Code:

IoT and its applications Barcode e QR Code

Barcode e QR Code:

IoT and its applications Barcode e QR Code Low cost No technological difficulties Several devices can read a barcode Starting point for more complex systems Example: price comparison

ZigBee:

IoT and its applications ZigBee

ZigBee:

IoT and its applications ZigBee Low cost Very long battery life Easy to deploy Large number of nodes (up to 64770) Can be used globally Secure Ideal for WPAN and mesh networks Support for multiple network topologies

Sensors and smartphones:

IoT and its applications Sensors and smartphones

Sensors and smartphones:

IoT and its applications Sensors and smartphones In the near future almost everybody will probably have a smartphone A smartphone isn't just a mobile phone that has access to the Internet The iPhone has a lot of different types of sensors

Top Applications:

IoT and its applications Top Applications Traffic monitoring Health Security Transport and Logistics Daily life and domotics

Google Traffic:

IoT and its applications Google Traffic

Google Traffic:

IoT and its applications Google Traffic Not exactly a IoT application Example of an application for everyday usage.

Jawbone UP:

IoT and its applications Jawbone UP

Jawbone UP:

IoT and its applications Jawbone UP Linked to an iPhone application Not just a passive bracelet The application recommends to change life-style or diet

AutoBot:

IoT and its applications AutoBot

AutoBot:

IoT and its applications AutoBot Diagnostics service for cars Alerts relatives in case of an accident Discovery service of car position Integrated with several web services

Transport and Logistics:

IoT and its applications Transport and Logistics

Transport and Logistics:

IoT and its applications Transport and Logistics One of the first business sectors interested in IoT technologies Currently two systems are already available and deployed: ConLock and ContainerSafe Integration of light sensors, GPS and GSM

Daily Life and Domotics:

IoT and its applications Daily Life and Domotics

Daily Life and Domotics:

IoT and its applications Daily Life and Domotics Many possible developments to Domotics There are no standard and widely accepted solutions yet for Domotics A framework has been developed for Home Automation applications: FreeDom

Web of Things:

IoT and its applications Web of Things To achieve IoT we need a universal protocol to combine several heterogeneous devices. This protocol should be: simple, lightweight, loosely-coupled, scalable, flexible and standard. Sounds like the WEB

Web of Things:

IoT and its applications Web of Things Several technologies and protocols already available and widely accepted by the community: HTTP, TCP, IPV6, XML, JSON, RSS, ATOM, REST, WS-*, URI, etc. URI to make the objects easily identifiable and addressable XML, WS-* and REST to allow the objects to expose their features and to communicate with external or centralized services Simpler mashup

Semantic Web:

IoT and its applications Semantic Web Objects (things) are the resources Ontologies for knowledge representation (information collected by the objects, etc.)

Issues:

IoT and its applications Issues Privacy Security

The future of IoT:

IoT and its applications The future of IoT World sensor networks Home automation and domotics Daily life (traffic monitoring, shopping, etc.) Tracking and shipping of goods Health Unpredictable developments...

IoT roadmap:

IoT and its applications IoT roadmap

References:

IoT and its applications References Kevin Ashton: That 'Internet of Things' Thing. In: RFID Journal, 22. Juli 2009. Abgerufen am 8. April 2011 Cisco: Over 50 billions of devices connected to Internet http://blogs.cisco.com/news/the-internet-of-things-infographic/ Vlad Trifa: HomeWeb and Android at Home – challenges? http://www.webofthings.com/2011/06/10/homeweb-and-android-at-home-challenges/ IoT - Visit the future: http://www.iot-visitthefuture.eu/index.php?id=108

References:

IoT and its applications References Google Favorite Places: http://www.google.com/help/maps/favoriteplaces/business/barcode.html Jawbone UP: http://jawbone.com/up/preview AutoBot: http://mavizontech.com/MeetMavia.htm IoT for Shipping: http://www.iot-visitthefuture.eu/?id=113 Social Web of Things: http://www.ericsson.com/thinkingahead/idea/110217_social_network_for_you_1968920151_c

References:

IoT and its applications References FreeDom - Open Source Home Automation: http://freedom.disi.unitn.it/ ZigBee Alliance: http://www.zigbee.org/ Web of Things: http://www.webofthings.com/

Slide37:

IoT and its applications Thanks for your attention Questions?

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