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Hazard Communication and the Tennessee Right-to-Know Law: 

Hazard Communication and the Tennessee Right-to-Know Law 29 CFR 1910.1200 29 CFR 1926.59 TDL Rule 0800-1-9


TOSHA believes the information in this presentation to be accurate and delivers this presentation as a community service. As such, it is an academic presentation which cannot apply to every specific fact or situation; nor is it a substitute for any provisions of 29 CFR Part 1910 and/or Part 1926 of the Occupational Safety and Health Standards as adopted by the Tennessee Department of Labor and Workforce Development or of the Occupational Safety and Health Rules of the Tennessee Department of Labor and Workforce Development.

Bernardino Ramazzini De Morbis Artificum, 1713: 

Bernardino Ramazzini De Morbis Artificum, 1713 “Various and manifold is the harvest of diseases reaped by certain workers from the crafts and trades that they pursue; all the profit that they get is fatal injury to their health.”

Basic Nature of Chemicals: 

Basic Nature of Chemicals Everything is (a) chemical Every chemical can be “hazardous” “Hazardous” means there is scientific evidence that the chemical causes harmful effects during normal use Harmful effects range from irritation to cancer

Paracelsus, 1493-1541: 

Paracelsus, 1493-1541 “All substances are poisons, there is none which is not a poison. The right dose differentiates the poison from the remedy.”

Hazardous Chemicals: 

Hazardous Chemicals Hazardous chemicals are of great value Most can be used safely OSHA does not ban chemicals OSHA helps you work with chemicals safely

Basic Principle of Chemical Safety: 

Basic Principle of Chemical Safety What you don’t breathe won’t hurt you What you don’t contact won’t hurt you

What Hazardous Chemicals Do You Use?: 

What Hazardous Chemicals Do You Use?

Examples of Hazardous Chemicals: 

Examples of Hazardous Chemicals Solvents--xylene, toluene, acetone Corrosives--acids (HCl), bases (KOH) Dusts--wood, metal Mists--acid Fumes--welding Compressed gases--oxygen, acetylene, argon Flammables--gasoline

Why a Hazard Communication Standard?: 

Why a Hazard Communication Standard? Employees have a need to know the hazards and identities of chemicals they are exposed to while working Employees have a right to know the hazards and identities of chemicals they are exposed to while working Employees need to know how to protect themselves from adverse effects of chemicals

Hazard Communication: 

Hazard Communication These standards require that employers: Assess the hazards of chemicals in their workplace Provide information on those hazards to their employees It is a “performance standard” Employers are given leeway as to how they accomplish the goals laid out in the standard

Scope of the Standards: 

Scope of the Standards The standard covers: All chemicals known to be present in the workplace such that employees can be exposed under normal conditions of use or in a foreseeable emergency


Exemptions These are not covered under the standards: Articles Food Pills Cosmetics Consumer products used just like a consumer Same duration and frequency as consumer use Product is used for the purpose intended Nuisance particles Radiation Biological hazards

What is Required?: 

What is Required? List of Hazardous Chemicals Written Hazard Communication Program Labels Material Safety Data Sheets Training

List Of Hazardous Chemicals: 

List Of Hazardous Chemicals Inventory of materials for which MSDS is needed Containerized and non-containerized chemicals must be included welding fumes, dusts, exhaust fumes, etc. If it’s not hazardous, it’s not covered If there’s no potential for exposure, it’s not covered

Written Program: 

Written Program How the hazard communication program will be implemented in the facility An assurance that all aspects have been addressed Not a paper exercise-- all elements must be implemented Laboratories (see 1910.1450) and warehouses are exempt from written program requirement Not lengthy or complicated Must be site-specific

Written Program Requirements : 

Written Program Requirements These items must be addressed in the written program: Hazardous chemical inventory list is part of the written program Labeling policy Material Safety Data Sheet policy Training methods and procedures Non-routine tasks training methods Multi-employer activity


Labels Each container of hazardous chemicals must be labeled with the: Identity Hazard warning Label must cross-reference with the MSDS and chemical list entry


Labels Portable containers Identity and hazard warning must be transferred unless the portable container is: Under the control at all times of the employee making the transfer from the labeled container and Contents used up in one shift


Labels Appropriate hazard warnings? Do Not Breathe Avoid Contact Do Not Use Near Open Flame Damages the Liver Causes Skin Irritation Flammable


Labels Must be in ENGLISH Solid metal, solid wood, or plastic items not exempted as articles because of downstream use must be labeled

Unlabelled Container: 

Unlabelled Container

Non-Containerized Chemical Label: 

Non-Containerized Chemical Label

Defaced Label: 

Defaced Label

Alternative Labeling: 

Alternative Labeling Permitted when employer's overall program is proven effective Must ensure employees are fully aware of hazards/use and understanding of labeling system Employer bears burden of establishing that employee awareness equals or exceeds conventional labeling system

Material Safety Data Sheets: 

Material Safety Data Sheets Designate someone to be responsible Obtain one for each hazardous chemical Exemptions--no MSDS is required for: Drugs in solid, final form for direct administration to patients (pills, tablets) Consumer products where the employer can show: It is used in the workplace for the purpose intended Duration and frequency of use is not different from that of the consumer Must be readily available to employees while they are in their work areas

Electronic Maintenance of MSDS?: 

Electronic Maintenance of MSDS? Acceptable, if Reliable devices are readily accessible Workers are trained in the use of the devices There is an adequate back-up system The system is part of the overall haz com program

Unacceptable Location for MSDS: 

Unacceptable Location for MSDS

Hazard Communication Training: 

Hazard Communication Training Before employees are exposed Annually thereafter, per Tennessee Right to Know Law Training must be “effective,” i.e., employees must be able to recall basic information

Hazard Communication 7 Basic Questions for Recall: 

Hazard Communication 7 Basic Questions for Recall What are the requirement of the hazard communication standard? What hazardous chemicals are you exposed to (or may be exposed to in an emergency)? Where are these chemicals present? What are the short and long term effects? How can you detect if you are overexposed? How can you protect yourself? Where are the MSDS and written program?

Tennessee Right-To-Know Law: 

Tennessee Right-To-Know Law

Tennessee Right-to-Know Law: 

Tennessee Right-to-Know Law Definition of employee also includes volunteer firefighters MSDS must be made accessible to students in laboratories Employer must train employees even if they are illiterate Effectiveness of the training will be evaluated by verbal recall TOSHA will evaluate training through employee interviews

Tennessee RTK-Training: 

Tennessee RTK-Training Must provide annual (within 12 months of previous training) training Must maintain records of training Identification of those trained Date of the training Brief description (e.g., symptoms of CO poisoning, H2SO4 emergency procedures, etc.)

Tennessee RTK-Recordkeeping: 

Tennessee RTK-Recordkeeping Maintain training records for period of employment + 5 years Identity of the employee trained Date(s) of training Brief description of the training Maintain MSDS for as long as the chemical is used or stored Maintain chemical list for 30 years

Workplace Chemical List: 

Workplace Chemical List Employers must submit a copy of their workplace hazardous chemical list to TOSHA within 72 hours upon request

Call TOSHA: 

Call TOSHA Memphis Office 901-543-7259 Jackson Office 731-423-5641 Nashville Office 615-741-2793 1-800-249-8510 Knoxville Office 865-594-6180 Kingsport Office 423-224-2042 Chattanooga 423-634-6424 Consultative Services 1-800-325-9901

Web Resources: 

Web Resources Federal OSHA www.osha.gov TOSHA www.tennessee.gov/labor-wfd/tosha Centers for Disease Control www.cdc.gov National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health www.cdc.gov/niosh

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