Adjective and Adverb Phrases Power Point Pres

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Adjective and Adverb Phrases: 

Adjective and Adverb Phrases

A prepositional phrase that modifies a noun or a pronoun is called an adjective phrase.: 

A prepositional phrase that modifies a noun or a pronoun is called an adjective phrase. In other words, an adjective phrase is a prepositional phrase that is used as an adjective.

Examples: Adjective: Icy chunks fell from the skyscraper. Adjective phrase: Chunks of ice fell from the skyscrapers. : 

Examples: Adjective: Icy chunks fell from the skyscraper. Adjective phrase: Chunks of ice fell from the skyscrapers.

Adjective phrases answer the same questions that word adjectives answer.: 

Adjective phrases answer the same questions that word adjectives answer. What kind? Which one(s)? How many? How much?

Examples:: 

Examples: *Mr. Smith ordered a dinner of broiled crawfish. (The adjective phrase modifies the noun dinner. The phrase answers the question What kind?) *The one with the big pockets costs a little more. (The adjective phrase modifies the pronoun one. The phrase answers the question Which one?)

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*There was enough room for only three people. (The adjective phrase modifies the noun room. The phrase answers the question How much?) Notice in these examples that an adjective phrase generally follows the word it modifies.

Practice: Underline the adjective phrase in each of the following sentences. Underline twice the word that the phrase modifies. THEN, tell which question the adjective phrase answers.: 

Practice: Underline the adjective phrase in each of the following sentences. Underline twice the word that the phrase modifies. THEN, tell which question the adjective phrase answers. Diego Rivera was a famous painter from Mexico. People throughout the world enjoy Rivera’s art. Rivera often painted the walls of buildings. His murals are beautiful examples of popular twentieth-century art.

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Rivera’s artworks often include symbols of Mexican culture. 6. His work with other Mexican artists was also very important. Rivera was a major influence on the mural artist Juan O’Gorman. O’Gorman does not paint his murals; instead he uses tiny pieces of colored tile. 9. The complicated pattern upon the library walls fascinates everyone who sees it.

More than one adjective phrase may modify the same noun or pronoun.: 

More than one adjective phrase may modify the same noun or pronoun. Example: *That painting of sunflowers by van Gogh is famous. (The two phrases of sunflowers and by van Gogh, both answer the question Which painting?)

An adjective phrase may also modify the object of another adjective phrase.: 

An adjective phrase may also modify the object of another adjective phrase. Example: *A number of paintings by that artist are landscapes. (The adjective phrase of paintings answers the question What kind of number? The adjective phrase by that artist answers the question Which paintings?).

Style Tip: You can use adjective phrases to add details to your writing or to combine ideas into one sentence.: 

Style Tip: You can use adjective phrases to add details to your writing or to combine ideas into one sentence. Examples: *Original-His favorite pastime is reading books. *Revised-His favorite pastime is reading books about space exploration. *Original-The squirrel was in the top of the tree. The squirrel chattered at me. *Revised-The squirrel in the top of the tree chattered at me.

Practice: Underline each adjective phrase once in the following sentences. Underline twice the noun or pronoun that each phrase modifies. THEN, tell which question each phrase answers.: 

Practice: Underline each adjective phrase once in the following sentences. Underline twice the noun or pronoun that each phrase modifies. THEN, tell which question each phrase answers. This book about birds of North America has won many awards for photography. It explains the importance of flight in the survival of the bird population. The key to successful flight is the structure of the feather. The shaft and the vane are the two main parts of the feather. The area inside the quill of the feather is hollow.

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The curves in the vane and the notches of the feather permit easy, quick movement. The wings of airplanes resemble birds’ wings. Feathers on the wings and tails of birds often are quite showy. Fast-flying birds like swifts usually have pointed wings. Have you ever seen any of the birds that have these kinds of feathers?

A prepositional phrase that is used to modify a verb, an adjective, or an adverb is called an adverb phrase.: 

A prepositional phrase that is used to modify a verb, an adjective, or an adverb is called an adverb phrase. In other words, an adverb phrase is a prepositional phrase that is used as an adverb. Adverb: We walk there every Saturday. Adverb phrase: We walk along the lake every Saturday.

Adverb phrases answer the same questions that single-word adverbs answer.: 

Adverb phrases answer the same questions that single-word adverbs answer. When? Where? Why? How? How often? How long?

Examples:: 

Examples: The statue stands next to a large oak tree. (The adverb phrase modifies the verb stands and answers the question Where?) Ready by dawn, the travelers set out early to reach the capital. (The adverb phrase modifies the adjective Ready and answers the question When?) Are these jeans long enough for you? (The adverb phrase modifies the adverb enough and answers the question How?)

NOTE: Adverb phrases may appear anywhere in a sentence. They may come before or after the words they modify. Also, other words may come between an adverb phrase and the word or words it modifies.: 

NOTE: Adverb phrases may appear anywhere in a sentence. They may come before or after the words they modify. Also, other words may come between an adverb phrase and the word or words it modifies. *After the swimming lesson, Aunt Helen drove us home. *We rode our bikes over the bridge.

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HELP!!! Be sure to ask yourself what question the phrase answers. Often, a phrase that comes right after a noun looks as though it is modifying that noun, but it is actually answering the question When?, Where?, or How long? about the verb.

Practice: Underline each adverb phrase once in the following sentences. Underline twice the word or words that each phrase modifies. THEN, tell which question each phrase answers.: 

Practice: Underline each adverb phrase once in the following sentences. Underline twice the word or words that each phrase modifies. THEN, tell which question each phrase answers. That mirror hung in the front hall. The cat is afraid of thunderstorms. The normally graceful acrobat plunged into the net but did not hurt herself. Jimmy Smits will speak at our school. Mom discovered several field mice in the cellar.

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6. With great courage, Rosa Parks disobeyed the bus driver. She jogs around the reservoir every morning. In the evenings, they played word games. Soon, my shoes were full of sand. We have planted several new varieties of day lilies along the fence.

As with adjective phrases, more than one adverb phrase can modify the same word.: 

As with adjective phrases, more than one adverb phrase can modify the same word. Example: *Cesar Chavez worked with the United Farm Workers for many years. (Both adverb phrases with the United Farm Workers and for many years, modify the verb worked)

An adverb phrase may be followed by an adjective phrase that modifies the object of the preposition in the adverb phrase.: 

An adverb phrase may be followed by an adjective phrase that modifies the object of the preposition in the adverb phrase. Example: *Yesterday we went to an exhibit of rare coins. (The adverb phrase to an exhibit modifies the verb went. The adjective phrase of rare coins modifies exhibit, the object of the preposition in the adverb phrase)

Practice: Underline each adverb phrase once in the following sentences. Underline twice the word or words that each phrase modifies. THEN, tell which question each phrase answers.: 

Practice: Underline each adverb phrase once in the following sentences. Underline twice the word or words that each phrase modifies. THEN, tell which question each phrase answers. On Passover evening, we prepare a Seder, which is a Jewish holiday meal and ceremony. Passover celebrates a time long ago when Jewish slaves freed themselves from their masters. On Passover, many of our relatives visit our home. We always invite them for the Seder. Our whole family helps with the preparation.

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Soon, everything is ready for the special meal. 7. Holding all the special Passover foods, the Seder plate is displayed in the center of the table. 8. On the plate is a roasted egg representing new life. 9. Horseradish, which represents slavery’s bitterness, is placed near the egg. 10. The other carefully arranged foods are also used during the Passover feast. 11. Throughout the entire meal, everyone enjoys a variety of delicious foods.

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HELP!!! To determine if a prepositional phrase is an adjective or an adverb phrase, ask yourself which question the phrase answers. *Adjective phrases modify a noun or a pronoun and answer the questions What kind?, How many?, Which one(s)?, and How much? *Adverb phrases modify verbs, adjectives, or adverbs and answer the questions When?, Where?, Why?, How?, How often?, and How long?

Examples:: 

Examples: Please hand me the book on the table. (The phrase answers the question Which book?, so on the table is an adjective phrase) They bicycled through the park. (The phrase answers the question Where?, so through the park is an adverb phrase)

Practice: Each phrase below contains a prepositional phrase. Underline the adjective phrases once and the adverb phrases twice. Also, draw an arrow to the word or words being modified by the phrase and tell which question it answers. : 

Practice: Each phrase below contains a prepositional phrase. Underline the adjective phrases once and the adverb phrases twice. Also, draw an arrow to the word or words being modified by the phrase and tell which question it answers. Wilma Rudolph did not have the childhood you might expect of a future Olympic athlete. She and her twenty-one sisters and brothers were raised in a needy family. Rudolph suffered from polio and scarlet fever when she was four years old.

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4. Illnesses like these were often deadly. 5. For many years afterward, Rudolph used a leg brace when she walked. Still, she never lost sight of her dreams. She battled the odds against her. With her family’s help, she exercised hard every day. All of her hard work made her strong. Years later, she gained fame as a world-class athlete.