Versailles, Paris - The Chateau

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For most visitors, who went to the Palace of Versailles, the most common to feeling after the visit was that they were overwhelmed by the extravagance and the opulence of the palace. Apart from the Hall of Mirrors, most people could remember very little of individual rooms. I hope this slideshow would allow you to revisit the palace once again and make a little sense of what you saw. The Palace of Versailles is the most well known example of European Palace. The palace is also a statement of the wealth and power of an absolute monarch. Since then the design of the palace had been copied all over the world. It was constructed during the reign of Louis XIV, when the power of the absolute French monarch was at its zenith. Louis XIV saw the palace as a setting to propagate his own personality cult. It was here at Versailles, Louis XIV daily theatrical rituals were on show to nobility – routines like the king rises, the king retirement at night, even the queen giving birth to the royal babies are opened to the public eyes. Today, the French is keen to shake off this symbol of absolute monarchy but to portrait the palace as achievements of French culture, of French taste and as a place where great international diplomacy is conducted. It was here the Treaty of Versailles was sign, putting an end to the First World War.

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First created 15 Oct 2012. Version 1.0 - 19 Oct 2012. Jerry Tse. London . Versailles All rights reserved. Rights belong to their respective owners. Available free for non-commercial and personal use. The Chateau

Brief History:

Brief History The palace was built between 1664 and 1710, under the reign of Louis XIV. In 1682, Versailles became the official court of the French king, the centre of political power. Versailles is not only famous as a palace, but as a symbol of absolute monarchy.

Louis XIV:

The equestrian statue of Louis XIV, who reigned between 1643 and 1715. He was also known as the Sun King. Louis XIV

Royal Chapel & Hercules Room:

I Royal Chapel 1 Hercules Room Royal Chapel & Hercules Room

Royal Chapel:

Royal Chapel The Baroque chapel was completed in 1708. It took 19 years to build.

Royal Chapel:

Royal Chapel Ceiling was painted by Antoine Coypel. The Royal Chapel was the last major building completed under Louis XIV.

Hercules Salon:

Hercules Salon The room is an anteroom to the State Apartments.

Hercules Salon:

Hercules Salon Painting on the wall by the Italian Veronese – Meal at the House of Simon the Pharisee.

State Apartments:

2 Abundance Salon 3 Venus Salon 4 Diana Salon 5 Mars Salon 6 Mercury Salon 7 Apollo Salon State Apartments These prestigious set of rooms were designed for the king to carry out his official businesses.

Decoration:

Decoration Since 2003 the palace has been undergoing a 20 years restoration. Now some decorations are painted in gold.

Abundance Salon:

Abundance Salon A room for refreshments, like coffee, wines and liqueurs were taken.

Venus Salon:

Venus Salon A room used for official business, it next to the “Ambassadors staircase”.

Venus Salon:

Venus Salon Louis XIV in Roman armour. A ceiling painting of Venus.

Diana Salon:

Diana Salon Use for official business, it is also next to the “Ambassadors staircase”.

Diana Salon:

Diana Salon Painting by de Lafosse, showing Diana coming to the rescue Iphigenia, above the fireplace.

Diana Salon:

Diana Salon Ceiling painted by Blanchard, Diana “forgetting her pride and her resolution never to love anyone”.

Mars Salon:

Mars Salon Originally designed as a guard room, it was used for music and dancing on state evenings.

Mars Salon:

Mars Salon Painting by Dominichino, David playing the Harp. It was Louis XIV favourite painting.

Mars Salon:

Mars Salon Ceiling painted by Claude Audran, Mars on a Chariot Drawn by Wolves.

Mercury Salon:

Mercury Salon Originally, the room was the ceremonial bedchamber of the State Apartments.

Mercury Salon:

Mercury Salon Clock made by Antoine Morand in 1706 for Louis XIV.

Apollo Salon:

Apollo Salon Portrait of Louis XIV at 63 by Hyacinthe Rigaud, French, over the fireplace. The room was dedicated to Apollo, whom Louis XIV identified himself with. The original silver furniture in the room was melted in 1689.

Hall of Mirrors and King’s Apartments:

Hall of Mirrors and King’s Apartments 8 Salon of War 9 Hall of Mirrors 10 Salon of Peace 19 Oeil de Boeuf Antechamber 20 King’s Bedchamber 21 The Council Carbinet The Hall of Mirrors together with the two salons on either sides are the centrepieces of the palace. The king’s private apartments are situated along the central axis of the palace.

Salon of War:

Salon of War Louis XIV on horseback trampling upon his enemies in relief. The room commemorates the military conquests of the Dutch War.

Salon of War:

Salon of War The cove painting depicts the defeat of the Dutch. Hanging from the ceiling is a piece of modern art on exhibition.

Central Garden Facade:

The Hall of Mirrors and its salons are behind the first floor façade. Central Garden Facade

Hall of Mirrors:

Hall of Mirrors With its salons, the hall is over 80m long, 10m wide and 13m high. The hall in evening lights. (Credit : Le Figaro)

Hall of Mirrors:

Hall of Mirrors One of the several classical statues in niches.

Hall of Mirrors:

Hall of Mirrors Ceiling paintings in the hall.

Hall of Mirrors:

Hall of Mirrors Stucco work in the hall.

Hall of Mirrors:

Hall of Mirrors Under a chandelier.

Hall of Mirrors:

Hall of Mirrors Carvings on the lamppost.

Hall of Mirrors:

Hall of Mirrors Chandeliers in the hall.

Hall of Mirrors:

Hall of Mirrors Lampposts.

Hall of Mirrors:

Hall of Mirrors It was in this hall, the Treaty of Versailles was signed, ending the World War I.

Salon of Peace:

Salon of Peace The ceiling was painted by Le Brun, depicting France offering peace to Europe. The cove panels depict Spain, German and Holland at peace. The painting above the fireplace shows Louis XV giving peace to Europe.

Salon of Peace:

Salon of Peace Gilded and chiselled bronze trophies decoration on the Salon of Peace.

Oeil de Boeuf Antechamber :

Oeil de Boeuf Antechamber This ‘Bulls Eye Salon’ was the room for waiting courtiers to be admitted to the king’s bedroom.

Inner Court Facade:

Behind the first floor façade are the king’s private apartments. Inner Court Facade

King’s Bedchamber:

King’s Bedchamber The king’s bedroom in evening light. (credit Le Figaro). Louis XIV imposed daily rituals for all of his activities. This began with the rising ceremony. It was viewed as a very important moment and the king liked his court to be present in numbers; regular attendance was one of the main criteria for obtaining royal favour.

King’s Bedchamber:

King’s Bedchamber The gold thread fabrics of the king’s bed.

The Council Cabinet:

The Council Cabinet It was in this room the king held his daily councils, including the Council of State and the Finance Council.

Queen’s Apartments:

11 Queen’s Bedchamber 12 Peers Salon 13 Antechamber for Grand Couvert repasts 14 Queen’s Guard Room Queen’s Apartments

Queen’s Bedchamber :

Queen’s Bedchamber The Fireplace of the queen’s bedroom.

Queen’s Bedchamber :

Queen’s Bedchamber In this room Queen Maria Theresa gave royal birth in public.

Queen’s Bedchamber :

Queen’s Bedchamber The head board of the queen’s bed. The fabrics were woven in Lyon.

Queen’s Bedchamber :

Queen’s Bedchamber Under the gilded sky are paintings, the Queen’s Virtues, by Francois Boucher.

Antechamber for Grand Couvert Repasts:

Antechamber for Grand Couvert Repasts The queen’s meals were taken here in public. Silverware for King George III are on display.

Queen’s Guard Room:

Queen’s Guard Room This was the room for the queen’s twelve body guards.

The Battle Gallery:

38 Battle Gallery The Battle Gallery The gallery holds a collection of paintings on French battles, created by Louis Philippe.

Battle Gallery:

Battle Gallery The gallery of 19 th Century paintings of French battles, created by Louis Philippe.

Opera Royal:

Opera Royal The Opera Royal was built hastily to celebrate the marriage of the future Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette.

Forecourt:

The forecourt at night. (credit : Le Figaro). Forecourt

Sun King at the gate:

All rights reserved. Rights belong to their respective owners. Available free for non-commercial and personal use. The End Music – Zadok the Priest – Coronation Anthems by George Frederic Handel composed in 1727. Sun King at the gate

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