Aztec

Views:
 
Category: Education
     
 

Presentation Description

PowerPoint on the Aztecs

Comments

Presentation Transcript

PowerPoint Presentation:

Chapter 1.2 – The Aztecs

The Aztecs:

The Aztecs The Big Idea The strong Aztec Empire, founded in central Mexico in 1325, lasted until the Spanish conquest in 1521. Main Ideas The Aztecs built a rich and powerful empire in central Mexico. Social structure, religion, and warfare shaped life in the empire. Hernán Cortés conquered the Aztec Empire in 1521.

Main Idea 1: The Aztecs built a rich and powerful empire in central Mexico.:

Main Idea 1: The Aztecs built a rich and powerful empire in central Mexico. In 1325, Aztecs migrated south to central Mexico and settled on a swampy island in Lake Texcoco. The Aztecs rose to power by waging war and demanding tribute from conquered people. The Aztecs controlled a huge trade network. By the early 1400s, the Aztecs ruled the most powerful state in Mesoamerica with Tenochtitlán as their capital. The Aztecs built canals and three causeways —raised roads across water or wet ground—to make travel easier. To increase the amount of farmland, the Aztecs created floating gardens. Tenochtitlán was home to some 200,000 people at its height.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Lake Texcoco

PowerPoint Presentation:

Aztec Warriors

PowerPoint Presentation:

Tenochtitlán

PowerPoint Presentation:

Floating Gardens Aztec

PowerPoint Presentation:

Tenochtitlán Causeways

PowerPoint Presentation:

Tenochtitl á n 200,000

Main Idea 2: Social structure, religion, and warfare shaped life in the empire.:

Main Idea 2: Social structure, religion, and warfare shaped life in the empire. Served king as tax collectors, judges, and other government officials Noble positions were passed down from father to son. Emperor Held the most important position is society Attended to law, trade, tribute, and warfare Nobles Priests more influential than warriors Led religious ceremonies and decided when to plant and harvest Warriors and Priests

Social Structure, continued:

Social Structure, continued Made up the majority of the population Didn’t own their lands Merchants and Artisans Held the position in society below the priests and warriors Farmers and Laborers At the bottom of society Slaves

Social Structure, continued:

Religion and Warfare The Aztecs worshipped many gods. They made as many as 10,000 human sacrifices per year. Most victims were battle captives or slaves. Priests led bloody ritual ceremonies. The Aztecs fought wars to supply enough victims for sacrifice. Cultural Achievements The Aztecs created stone pyramids, statues, jewelry and masks. Women wore embroidered cloth. The Aztec studied the stars and created a calendar similar to the Maya’s. They recorded historical and cultural events. They had strong oral tradition. Social Structure, continued

PowerPoint Presentation:

Centeoni -Corn God chalchiutlicue-water god chantico-firegod chicomecoatl-food god coatlicue-god mother Moon God

PowerPoint Presentation:

ehecatl-wind god huitzilopochtli-WAR GOD nanautzin-sun god

PowerPoint Presentation:

Tlaloc-rain god xochipilli-flower god

Main Idea 3: Hernán Cortés conquered the Aztec Empire in 1521.:

Main Idea 3: Hernán Cortés conquered the Aztec Empire in 1521. In the late 1400s the Spanish arrived, seeking riches and converts to Catholicism. Hernán Cortés led the conquistadors , or Spanish conquerors, in 1519. The Aztec emperor Moctezuma II believed Cortés to be the god Quetzalcoatl and gave the Spanish gold. Cortés took the emperor prisoner. The Aztec drove out conquistadors, but Moctezuma was killed. Within a year, the conquistadors returned and conquered the Aztec by 1521.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Montezuma meets Cortez

Why the Conquistadors Succeeded:

Why the Conquistadors Succeeded They used better weapons, including armor, cannons, and swords, and had big horses that terrified the Aztecs. They had help from people who resented harsh Aztec rule. They spread disease that killed thousands of Aztecs.

authorStream Live Help