Hydrotherapy- New

Category: Education

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Hydrotherapy ppt


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Hydrotherapy Hydrotherapy is a medical term implies for using water for therapeutic purpose. Hydro is water Therapy is healing In water body is acted upon two forces. According to physics Gravity downward thrust and Buoyancy up thrust and hence a three dimensional exercise program can be planned for patient. Properties of water Tonic In this affect the vital activities body function blood circulation and nutrition is increased to restore the body to a normal tone.

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Antispasmodic Water is also very helpful in relaxation of muscles does relieving spasm and convulsions. Eliminate Under this effect the water promotes the elimination of toxic products from kidney skin and lungs. Antipyretic Water is very effective in reducing the increased body temperature. Refrigerant Water also helps in relieving trust and restoring alkaline property of blood. Diaphoretic An agent that produces sweat is called diaphoretic and water helps in production of sweat.

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Diuresis Water increases the excretion of urine from the system and thus helps in Detoxication. The important physical properties of water. Mass Water density specific gravity Buoyancy 5.hydrostatic pressure6. surface tension7. refraction and 8.viscosity. Principles of hydrotherapy , Archimedes principle Metacentre This principle usually deals with the balance of body in water When a body is immersed in a water two different forces act on it.

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One is gravitational force acting in downward direction and the other is beyond force acting in upward direction. The body remains balanced in water only when these two forces are equal and opposite in nature. Turbulence Turbulence is a resistance produced when a body moves three fluid medium. This resistance produced depends upon the speed at which the body is moving. Is the speed of the body is slow it experience is more resistance while a fast moving experiences less resistance. Effects of hydrotherapy It helps in relieving pain and reducing increased muscle tone Hydrotherapy plays an important role in strengthening of muscles.

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It increases the blood circulation. Hydrotherapy can be used for maintaining or increasing the range of muscle of joints. Paralysis muscle can be the re educated. Functional activities can be encouraged using the techniques. It is used to maintain and correct balance co-ordinate and posture. When warm water is used it students the cutaneous nerves and nerves. It release Static and producers relaxation in muscles. Cautions and precautions for hydrotherapy Avoid full bath with in 2 or 3 hours post meal Local Bath To hip food extra may be given 1 hour after the mail.

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Never apply very hot or very cold water to aged weak person children especially extreme cold water must be avoided. Pool therapy must be avoided during menses or fever. Hydrotherapy is always avoided in patient in shock or suffering from epilepsy heart diseases. The head must always remain wet and feet warm before the commencement of treatment. Avoid drinking free water before taking the treatment. If some unusual signs are seen during the treatment the treatment must immediately be seized. Always the temperature must be noted with thermometer and no assumption should be made. Is a patient range during the treatment apply cold water on hands and give him cold water to drink.

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After the completion of treatment the treated path must be rubbed with dry towel until it becomes warm. Aims of hydrotherapy Reduce muscle tone Buy relaxing the structured neuromuscular receptors and hence decrease the muscle tone. Relief of pain and effusion The warmth of water and hydro static pressure helps to reduce join pressure particularly tension and increase the circulation in moment. To decrease the muscle power It stimulates the CNS to reduce a contraction of intrafusal fibres and muscle spasm Helps in repair of soft tissue

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It increases the metabolic functioning of tissue and hence helps in repair and extensibility of soft tissue. Helps to increase range of motion of spinal movements. Helps to maintain relaxation and thus reduce pain and stress. It helps to reduce weight on spine. Indications and contraindications for hydrotherapy. Indications Decreased muscle tone Stimulate rightning reactions Increase the range of weak muscles Stimulate correct pattern of movement Retrain the rotational pattern of movement Retrain reciprocal pattern of moment Stimulate functional movement patterns Encourage and develop efficient breath control

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Psychological effects Treat Orthopedic complications Increase cardiovascular fitness Opportunities for recreation and socialization Contraindications When there is a fracture base of Skull medical clearance must be taken before giving hydrotherapy. Patient have incontinence of bladder and ball must never be allowed to enter the pool. Patients with hypertension due to head injury or aneurysm are not taken in the pool for treatment. Those patients with vascular skin conditions are open lesions or not allowed inside the pool. Patient suffering from diarrhea or urinary tract infections or also prohibited to enter the pool.

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Patients with severely impaired sensations are also contraindicated for the treatment by water. Patients with catheters are also not advised. Properties of water Water is a molecule made up of two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom. It has the formula H2O. Surface tension Water molecules at the surface hold closely together. Water surface tension can hold wait that would normally sink. You can Kale fully float a paper clip on the top of water. Water is a sticky. Cohesion Water molecules stick to each other. This is due to hydrogen bonds among the molecules.

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Water molecules at the surface have MH greater attraction for each other than for molecules in the air. Adhesion Water molecules stick to other substances. You can see this property when water creeps up the side of a drinking glass. Think of a sponge or paper towel used to soak up spilled water. This is how water makes things wet. Specific heat. Water has a high specific heat. The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of water by 1 Degree Celsius is quite large. Because so much heat loss of heat input is required to lower or raise the temperature of water. The specific heat of water is 5 times greater than of sand.

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Heat of vaporization Water has high heat of vaporization. Water absorbs heat has it changes from a liquid to a gas. What is high heat conductivity makes possible the event distribution of heat throughout the body. Boiling and freezing Water is most dense of 4 degree Celsius and then begins to expand again as the temperature decreases further. This expansion occurs because its hydrogen bonds become more rigid and ordered. Has result frozen water ice floats upon the denser cold water Solid expansion Form substances solids are denser than liquids. But the special properties of water make it less dense has a solid.

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PH of water Water molecules have a tendency to ionize. De dissociate into ions hydrogen ions H plus and Hydroxide ions ho h -. Impure water every small number of water molecules from ions in this way.

History of Hydrotherapy Usage:

History of Hydrotherapy Usage One of the oldest forms of heat application Initially used for relaxation

Physical Principles of Water:

Physical Principles of Water Hydrostatic Pressure – The pressure of a liquid

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– The center of buoyancy (COB) will lie in a vertical line, if the COB falls outside of the BOS then the body will shift to try to maintain an upright position

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Relative Density Floating versus not floating Floating requires NO physical effort, Can dispel fears about the water The body will easily be supported by the water It will be easier to maintain an upright posture in water

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Hydrostatic pressure Pressure will be experienced as a body is immersed in water Chest expansion will be more difficult Edema reduction will be enhanced by external pressure

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Surface tension – The force exerted between the surface molecules of a liquid manifesting itself as an “elastic skin” at the surface of the liquid

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Viscosity Internal friction, or the resistance to relative movement within the liquid Viscosity decreases as temperature increases it’s easier to move in warmer water and more difficult to move in cooler water….

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Viscosity The greater the cohesion The greater the viscosity The more difficult it will be to move within it

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