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What kind of reaction do you get when you are served the standard portion size of ½ cup of French fries? The result of increased portion sizes is eating more calories.Trends: Trends Children who eat fast food consume more total calories, calories per gram of food, total and saturated fat, total carbohydrate, added sugars and sugar-sweetened beverages, but less milk, fiber, fruit, and non starchy vegetables. Bad Eating Habits Start Early: Bad Eating Habits Start Early Babies who are served baby food, generally have good diets. When they start eating what the family eats—things change. Bad Eating Habits Start Early: Bad Eating Habits Start Early Toddlers eat French fries more than other vegetables. Many children go an entire day without seeing a piece of fruit or green vegetable. Apple juice and apple-flavored fruit drinks are consumed most often; however, juices, fruit drinks, and carbonated beverages appeared to displace milk in toddlers’ diets. Percentage of U.S. Children and Adolescents Who Were Overweight: Percentage of U.S. Children and Adolescents Who Were Overweight Ages 12-19 Ages 6-11 5 4 13 14Slide7: Actual Consumption Pyramid U.S. Total What we actually eat does not reflect the recommendations set by the USDA Food Guide Pyramid.Portion Distortion: Portion Distortion Super-sizing portions can be found in sodas. The 8-ounce bottle was replaced by a 12-ounce can. Now, that can is being replaced by the 20-ounce bottle. As the portion size has increased, so have the calories and sugar. Putting this in perspective, a 20-ounce soda provides the average teen girl 12% of her daily caloric needs but with no extra nutrients. Slide9: Portion Distortion 6½ ounces 88 calories 12 ounces 160 calories 20 ounces 266 calories 1950s 1980s 2000sStudent Access to Competitive Foods and Beverages in Schools: Student Access to Competitive Foods and Beverages in Schools Schools with vending machines or a school store 43% of elementary schools 74% of middle/junior high schools 98% of senior high Most of the items sold in these venues are high in fat, sugar, and salt. Source: CDC, School Health Policies and Programs Study 2000Student Access to Competitive Foods and Beverages in Schools: Student Access to Competitive Foods and Beverages in Schools School that have both vending machines and school stores 10% of elementary 27% of middle/junior high 56% of senior high schools Most of the items sold in these venues are high in fat, sugar, and salt. Source: CDC, School Health Policies and Programs Study 2000Percentage of Teens Who Drink Milk and Carbonated Soft Drinks On a Given Day in 1994, by Sex : Percentage of Teens Who Drink Milk and Carbonated Soft Drinks On a Given Day in 1994, by Sex Slide13: Percentage of Youth Participating in Vigorous Physical Activity Age (Yr) Percentage USDA 1998Increase in Type 2 Diabetes: Increase in Type 2 Diabetes Being overweight is associated with a skyrocketing increase in Type 2 diabetesShort-term Effects of Diet on School Performance and Health: Short-term Effects of Diet on School Performance and Health Risk for immediate health problems, such as Dental caries Anemia Obesity Impact on problem-solving skills, test scores, classroom behavior, and absenteeism What Can You Do?: What Can You Do? Experts Recommend:: Experts Recommend: Use the food guide pyramid Eliminate high calorie snacks Make gradual changes Eat well-balanced meals Barlow & Dietz, 1998Good Ideas: Select healthy fruits and snacks as treat foods, i.e. grapes, raisins, etc. Eat a variety of foods Avoid drinking high sugar beverages. For one month turn off the TV, computers, and video games every Tuesday. Good IdeasMore Good Ideas:: Eat and drink all foods and beverages at the kitchen or dining table. Always eat a healthy breakfast. Avoid snacking after dinnertime. More Good Ideas:30 Minute Rule: 30 Minute Rule Research indicates that after 30 minutes of mental work, the ability to concentrate begins to decline. Sitting burns only 33-50 calories per hour. Solution: Get up and walk around every 30 minutes or plan a stretch break.Health Benefits of Regular Physical Activity: Health Benefits of Regular Physical Activity Decreased risk for obesity Decreased risk for type 2 diabetes Increased self esteem Improved fitness Enhanced bone mass Improved metabolismBMI Is the First Step: BMI Is the First Step Measuring BMI is only a first step to determining if a person is overweight or at risk of being overweight. Two persons can have the same BMI, yet one person can be physically fit and the other person out of shape. See a health care professional for further diagnosis and treatment. Resources: Resources Melinda S. Sothern, PhD Pennington Biomedical Research Center –LSU For more information visit: http://www.trimkids.com Howell Weschler, PhD, CDC Clare Miller , MS, RD, USDA You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.