Lecture 10_The Scientific Writing

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Let’s Review:

Let’s Review

The Scientific Method:

The Scientific Method

The Scientific Method:

The Scientific Method Make observations about the natural world Observation

The Scientific Method:

The Scientific Method Make observations about the natural world Example : Trees are smaller at higher elevations Observation

The Scientific Method:

The Scientific Method Observation Question Ask questions about what you have observed

The Scientific Method:

The Scientific Method Observation Question Ask questions about what you have observed Example : Why are trees smaller at higher elevations?

The Scientific Method:

The Scientific Method Observation Question Hypothesis Think of a possible answer to your question This possible answer is called a hypothesis

The Scientific Method:

The Scientific Method Observation Question Hypothesis Think of a possible answer to your question This possible answer is called a hypothesis Hypothesis : Trees are smaller at higher elevations because the temperature is colder.

The Scientific Method:

The Scientific Method Observation Question Hypothesis Predictions Make some predictions about your hypothesis Hypothesis : Trees are smaller at higher elevations because the temperature is colder. Prediction: If temperature is the same , then tree size will be the same ! 15 o C 15 o C

The Scientific Method:

The Scientific Method Observation Question Hypothesis Predictions Experiment Design an experiment to test your hypothesis

The Scientific Method:

The Scientific Method Observation Question Hypothesis Predictions Experiment Design an experiment to test your hypothesis Grow trees in greenhouses that have the same temperature Compare the size of trees 15 o C

The Scientific Method:

The Scientific Method Observation Question Hypothesis Predictions Experiment Analyze Results Examine and analyze the data (information) that you have collected Statistics Charts and graphs

The Scientific Method:

The Scientific Method Observation Question Hypothesis Predictions Experiment Analyze Results Accept Hypothesis Reject Hypothesis

The Scientific Method:

The Scientific Method Observation Question Hypothesis Predictions Experiment Analyze Results Accept Hypothesis Reject Hypothesis Report Results

The Scientific Method:

The Scientific Method Observation Question Hypothesis Predictions Experiment Analyze Results Accept Hypothesis Reject Hypothesis Report Results The steps outlined by the scientific method help to investigate and solve problems in science

Scientific Writing:

Scientific Writing

Report Results:

Report Results After an experiment it is important to share your results

Report Results:

Report Results After an experiment it is important to share your results How?

Report Results:

Report Results University Lectures Conferences Educational Talks Radio and TV shows Interviews

Report Results:

Report Results University Lectures Conferences Educational Talks Radio and TV shows Interviews Scientific paper Publish in a scientific journal

A Scientific Paper:

A Scientific Paper Main Parts: Abstract Introduction Methods Results Discussion Acknowledgements References

A Scientific Paper:

A Scientific Paper Simplified Main Parts: Introduction Methods Results Discussion

A Scientific Paper:

A Scientific Paper 1. Introduction Describes your: Observation Question Hypothesis Predictions

A Scientific Paper:

A Scientific Paper 2. Methods Describes your experiment: What did you study? How did you study it? What equipment did you use? What was the duration of your experiment? I should be able to read your methods and know exactly how to repeat your experiment

A Scientific Paper:

A Scientific Paper 3. Results Describes your data: Use graphs and tables Use text to briefly summarize what you observed during your experiment

A Scientific Paper:

A Scientific Paper 4. Discussion Describes your results Interpret your results -what do your results mean? Did you support or reject your hypothesis? Were your predictions correct? Have your results provided a better understanding of the original question?

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