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THE ROARING 20’S: 

THE ROARING 20’S

POST-WAR PERIOD 1918-1921: 

POST-WAR PERIOD 1918-1921 WILSON'S LOSS OF POPULARITY REJECTION OF LEAGUE OF NATIONS REJECTION OF TREATY OF VERSAILLES POOR HEALTH ECONOMIC RECESSION LABOR DISPUTES 2400 STRIKES RED SCARE ? PALMER RAIDS ? BLACK SCARE / INCREASED RACIAL TENSIONS

CHARACTERISTICS OF ROARING 20’S: 

CHARACTERISTICS OF ROARING 20’S POLITICAL CONSERVATISM ECONOMIC CONSERVATISM BOOM AND BUST MIXED FOREIGN POLICY CULTURAL CHANGE

POLITICAL CONSERVATISM: 

POLITICAL CONSERVATISM DESIRE TO “TURN BACK THE CLOCK” AND RETURN TO THE “GOOD OLD DAYS” DISILLUSIONED BY WWI REACTION AGAINST PROGRESSIVISM AND LIBERALISM RED SCARE BLACK SCARE

POLITICAL CONSERVATISM: 

POLITICAL CONSERVATISM ELECTION OF 1920 REP. - WARREN G. HARDING “RETURN TO NORMALCY” DEM. – JAMES COX SOC. – EUGENE V. DEBS

POLITICAL CONSERVATISM: 

POLITICAL CONSERVATISM HARDING ADMINISTRATION (1921-1923) DEATH CALVIN COOLIDGE ? SCANDALS OHIO GANG ? TEAPOT DOME ? ALBERT FALL ?

POLITICAL CONSERVATISM: 

POLITICAL CONSERVATISM COURT MARTIAL OF BILLY MITCHELL ? INSUBORDINATION KU KLUX KLAN ? SACCO AND VANZETTI ?

ECONOMIC CONSERVATISM: 

ECONOMIC CONSERVATISM RETURN TO TRADITIONAL REPUBLICAN POLICIES LAISSEZ FAIRE TRICKLE DOWN ECONOMICS HIGHER TARIFFS RUGGED INDIVIDUALISM CLOSE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BUSINESS AND GOVERNMENT

ECONOMIC CONSERVATISM: 

ECONOMIC CONSERVATISM ANDREW MELLON ? “SPARE THE RICH” (TRICKLE DOWN ECONOMICS) HIGH TARIFFS LOW TAXES LOWER GOV’T SPENDING AID TO SOLDIERS AND FARMERS

ECONOMIC CONSERVATISM: 

ECONOMIC CONSERVATISM ELECTION OF 1924 REP. – CALVIN COOLIDGE “KEEP COOL WITH COOLIDGE” DEM. – JOHN W. DAVIS PROG. – ROBERT M. LAFOLLETTE

ECONOMIC CONSERVATISM: 

ECONOMIC CONSERVATISM ELECTION OF 1928 REP. – HERBERT HOOVER “A CHICKEN IN EVERY POT AND TWO CARS IN EVERY GARAGE” DEM. – ALFRED SMITH

BOOM AND BUST: 

BOOM AND BUST UNPARALLELED ECONOMIC GROWTH FOLLOWED BY STOCK MARKET CRASH AND GREAT DEPRESSION

BOOM AND BUST: 

BOOM AND BUST INSTALLMENT BUYING ? FLORIDA LAND BOOM BIG BULL MARKET ?

BOOM AND BUST: 

BOOM AND BUST STOCK MARKET CRASH THURSDAY OCTOBER 24, 1929 $11 BILLION LOST J. P. MORGAN TUESDAY OCTOBER 29, 1929 ? $14 BILLION LOST CAUSES OVERSPECULATION EXCESSIVE MARGIN PURCHASES ? LOSS OF CONFIDENCE

MIXED FOREIGN POLICY: 

MIXED FOREIGN POLICY ISOLATION LEAGUE OF NATIONS ECONOMIC NATIONALISM IMMIGRATION POLICY EMERGENCY QUOTA ACT – 1921 NATIONAL ORIGINS ACT – 1924 RESTRICTED IMMIGRATION FROM SOUTHERN AND EASTERN EUROPE

MIXED FOREIGN POLICY: 

MIXED FOREIGN POLICY COOPERATION WAR DEBTS AND REPARATIONS ? DAWES PLAN – 1924 YOUNG PLAN – 1929 HOOVER MORATORIUM – 1931 LAUSANNE PACT – 1932 WASHINGTON NAVAL CONFERENCE – 1921 ? KELLOGG-BRIAND PACT – 1928 ?

CULTURAL CHANGE: 

CULTURAL CHANGE SOCIAL AND CULTURAL LIBERALISM REBELLION AGAINST TRADITION NEW FORMS OF CULTURAL EXPRESSION TECHNOLOGY

CULTURAL CHANGE: 

CULTURAL CHANGE PROHIBITION – “THE NOBLE EXPERIMENT” VOLSTEAD ACT ? BOOTLEGGER ? SPEAKEASY ? AL CAPONE ? ST. VALENTINE’S DAY MASSACRE 2/14/1929 ?

Slide22: 

HEROES, VILLIANS, AND SCANDALS

CULTURAL CHANGE: 

CULTURAL CHANGE LEOPOLD AND LOEB – MAY 21, 1924 ? CLARENCE DARROW ? JOHN T. SCOPES-1925 MONKEY TRIAL ? WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE ?

CULTURAL CHANGE: 

CULTURAL CHANGE CHARLES LINDBERGH ? HENRY FORD ASSEMBLY LINE MODEL T ? RADIO KDKA ? MUSIC ? DANCE ? FLAPPERS ?

CULTURAL CHANGE: 

CULTURAL CHANGE HARLEM RENAISSANCE ? MARCUS GARVEY ? UNIA ? LITERATURE LOST GENERATION ? “ALL GODS DEAD, ALL WARS FOUGHT, ALL FAITHS IN MAN SHAKEN”

CULTURAL CHANGE: 

CULTURAL CHANGE MOTION PICTURES RUDOLPH VALENTINO ? THE JAZZ SINGER ? SPORTS BABE RUTH ? JACK DEMPSEY ? BOBBY JONES ?

Slide29: 

HOW DID NEW TECHNOLOGICAL AND ECONOMIC INNOVATIONS HELP BRING ABOUT SOCIAL CHANGES IN THE 20’S?

Slide30: 

IN WHAT WAYS WERE THE TWENTIES A SOCIAL AND CULTURAL REACTION AGAINST THE PROGRESSIVE IDEALISM THAT HELD SWAY BEFORE AND DURING WORLD WAR I?

Slide31: 

WHAT BASIC ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL POLICIES WERE PURSUED BY THE CONSERVATIVE REPUBLICAN ADMINISTRATIONS OF THE 1920’S?

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