Industrial Applications of Computers: Industrial Applications of Computers Robotics Robots and Robotics: Robots and Robotics The word robot was first used by Karel Capek in his 1921 play “Rossum’s Univesal Robots”. They were perfect tireless workers who performed manual labor for human beings
Robotics is the science or technology of robots, their design, manufacture, application, and use Industrial Robots: Industrial Robots Are reprogrammable, multifunctional manipulator designed to move materials, tools, or specialized devices, through variable programmed motions for the performance of variety of tasks Use of Robots in Industry: Use of Robots in Industry Today 90% of all robots used are found in factories and they are referred to as industrial robots.
Ten years ago, 9 out of 10 robots were being bought by auto companies - now, only 50% of robots made today are bought by car manufacturers.
Robots are slowly finding their way into warehouses, laboratories, research and exploration sites, energy plants, hospitals, even outer space.
Robots are useful in industry for a variety of reasons. Installing robots is often a way business owners can be more competitive, because robots can do some things more efficiently than people.
http://www.jcdrobotics.com/apps/application.htm Why robots and what can they do?: Why robots and what can they do? Robots never get sick or need to rest, so they can work 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
When the task required would be dangerous for a person, they can be do the work instead.
Robots don't get bored, so work that is repetitive and unrewarding is no problem for a robot.
Part inspection, sorting, cleaning, polishing
http://www.jcdrobotics.com/apps/application.htm Types of Robots: Types of Robots Rectangular/Cartesian
SCARA (Selective Compliance Assembly Robot Arm)
Jointed-arm or Revolute General Components of an Industrial Robot: General Components of an Industrial Robot Manipulator
The part of the robot that performs the task
Brain or computer center which coordinates the robot’s movements
Used to move the robot on a track, free wheels, treads, or some type of legs/feet Robotic Power Sources: Robotic Power Sources Hydraulic
Often a combination; the end-effectors mostly pneumatic Industrial Applications of Robots: Industrial Applications of Robots Spray Painting
Small Parts Assembling
Automated Warehouse Business Use of Robots: Business Use of Robots Outer Space
Under the Ocean
Sports Robots (1): Robots (1) Cartesian robot
Arm moves in 3 linear axes. X,y,z axes z x y http://www.strobotics.com/ Robots (2): Robots (2) Cylindrical coordinates robot
Arm rotates about the base, moves in and out, and up and down Robots (3): Robots (3) SCARA Robot
Rotates in 2 axes in the horizontal plane and moves linearly up and down Robots (4): Robots (4) Joined-arm or revolute-coordinates robot
3 axes rotational Multisensory Articulated Manipulator: Multisensory Articulated Manipulator Advantages and Disadvantages of the 5 Robot Types: Advantages and Disadvantages of the 5 Robot Types Links: Links Motoman: http://www.motoman.com/
ST Robotics: http://www.strobotics.com/