CH8 PowerPoint Robotics

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Presentation Transcript

Industrial Applications of Computers: 

Industrial Applications of Computers Robotics

Robots and Robotics: 

Robots and Robotics The word robot was first used by Karel Capek in his 1921 play “Rossum’s Univesal Robots”. They were perfect tireless workers who performed manual labor for human beings Robotics is the science or technology of robots, their design, manufacture, application, and use

Industrial Robots: 

Industrial Robots Are reprogrammable, multifunctional manipulator designed to move materials, tools, or specialized devices, through variable programmed motions for the performance of variety of tasks

Use of Robots in Industry: 

Use of Robots in Industry Today 90% of all robots used are found in factories and they are referred to as industrial robots. Ten years ago, 9 out of 10 robots were being bought by auto companies - now, only 50% of robots made today are bought by car manufacturers. Robots are slowly finding their way into warehouses, laboratories, research and exploration sites, energy plants, hospitals, even outer space. Robots are useful in industry for a variety of reasons. Installing robots is often a way business owners can be more competitive, because robots can do some things more efficiently than people.

Why robots and what can they do?: 

Why robots and what can they do? Robots never get sick or need to rest, so they can work 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. When the task required would be dangerous for a person, they can be do the work instead. Robots don't get bored, so work that is repetitive and unrewarding is no problem for a robot. Spray Coating Assembling Operations Material Removal Cutting Operations Part inspection, sorting, cleaning, polishing

Types of Robots: 

Types of Robots Rectangular/Cartesian Cylindrical SCARA (Selective Compliance Assembly Robot Arm) Polar/Spherical Jointed-arm or Revolute

General Components of an Industrial Robot: 

General Components of an Industrial Robot Manipulator The part of the robot that performs the task Controller Brain or computer center which coordinates the robot’s movements Power supply Vehicle Used to move the robot on a track, free wheels, treads, or some type of legs/feet

Robotic Power Sources: 

Robotic Power Sources Hydraulic Pneumatic Electric Vacuum Often a combination; the end-effectors mostly pneumatic

Industrial Applications of Robots: 

Industrial Applications of Robots Spray Painting Parts Transferring Small Parts Assembling Electronic Assembling Arc Welding Inspecting Automated Warehouse

Business Use of Robots: 

Business Use of Robots Outer Space Under the Ocean Medicine Sheep Shearing Promotion Sports

Robots (1): 

Robots (1) Cartesian robot Arm moves in 3 linear axes. X,y,z axes z x y

Robots (2): 

Robots (2) Cylindrical coordinates robot Arm rotates about the base, moves in and out, and up and down

Robots (3): 

Robots (3) SCARA Robot Rotates in 2 axes in the horizontal plane and moves linearly up and down

Robots (4): 

Robots (4) Joined-arm or revolute-coordinates robot 3 axes rotational

Multisensory Articulated Manipulator: 

Multisensory Articulated Manipulator

Advantages and Disadvantages of the 5 Robot Types: 

Advantages and Disadvantages of the 5 Robot Types


Links Motoman: FAQ: Kuka: ST Robotics:

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